argument rationalizing the course of action of a government
It detracts nothing from the character and energy of the American people, it minimizes in no degree the quality of their accomplishments to say that the
policies of the Republican Party have played a large part in the building of this progress of these last seven and one-half years. I can say with emphasis that without the wise
policies which the Republican Party has brought into action in this period, no such progress would have been possible.
a constant order, especially of society
It has only by keen large vision and cooperation by the Government that
stability in business and
stability in employment has been maintained during this past seven and a half years.
the part played by a person in bringing about a result
But in addition to this great record of
contributions of the Republican Party to progress, there has been a further fundamental
contribution — a
contribution perhaps more important than all the others — and that is the resistance of the Republican Party to every attempt to inject the Government into business in competition with its citizens.
readiness to embark on bold new ventures
It is founded upon the conception that self-government can be preserved only by decentralization of Government in the State and by fixing local responsibility; but further than this, it is founded upon the social conception that only through ordered liberty, freedom and equal opportunity to the individual will his
initiative and enterprise drive the march of progress.
manufacturing or mining or growing something for sale
When the war closed the most vital of all issues was whether Governments should continue war ownership and operation of many instrumentalities of
production and distribution.
sturdy and strong in constitution or construction; enduring
We were challenged with the choice of the American system “
rugged individualism” or the choice of a European system of diametrically opposed doctrines — doctrines of paternalism and state socialism.
radically distinctive and without equal
The acceptance of these ideas meant the destruction of self-government through centralization of government; it meant the undermining of initiative and enterprise upon which our people have grown to
a human being
The Democratic administration cooperated with the Republican Party to demobilize many of her activities and the Republican Party from the beginning of its period of power resolutely turned its face away from these ideas and these war practices, back to our fundamental conception of the state and the rights and responsibilities of the
an organization created for business ventures
Thereby it restored confidence and hope in the American people, it freed and stimulated
enterprise, it restored the Government to its position as an umpire instead of a player in the economic game.
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
Because we are faced with difficulty and doubt over certain national problems which we are faced — that is prohibition, farm relief and electrical power — our opponents propose that we must to some degree thrust government into these businesses and in effect adopt state
socialism as a solution.
When the Federal Government undertakes a business, the state governments are at once
deprived of control and taxation of that business; when the state government undertakes a business it at once
deprived the municipalities of taxation and control of that business.
properly or sufficiently qualified, capable, or efficient
Every time the Federal Government goes into business 530 Senators and Congressmen become the Board of Directors of that business. Every time a state government goes into business 100 or 200 state senators and assemblymen become directors of that business. Even if they were supermen, no bodies of such numbers can
competently direct that type of human activities which requires instant decision and action.
invest at a risk
New methods and new ideas are the outgrowth of the spirit of adventure of individual initiative and of individual enterprise. Without adventure there is no progress. No government administration can rightly
speculate and take risks with taxpayers’ money.
business relation in which two parties vie to gain customers
But even more important than this — leadership in business must be through the sheer rise of ability and character. That rise can take place only in the free atmosphere of
Competition is closed by bureaucracy.
a government administered primarily by nonelective officials
Bureaucracy does not spread the spirit of independence; it spreads the spirit of submission into our daily life, penetrates the temper of our people; not with the habit of powerful resistance to wrong, but with the habit of timid acceptance of the irresistible might.
an economic theory advocating a self-regulating market
The bureaucratization of our country would poison the very roots of
liberalism that is free speech, free assembly, free press, political equality and equality of opportunity.
something that aids or promotes well-being
True liberalism seeks freedom first in the confident belief that without freedom the pursuit of all other blessings and
benefits is vain.
relating to the production and consumption of goods
Liberalism is a force truly of the spirit, a force proceeding from the deep realization that
economic freedom cannot be sacrificed if political freedom is to be preserved.
of or relating to the profession of governing
The very essence of equality of opportunity is that there shall be no domination by any group or trust or combination in this republic, whether it be business or
political. It demands economic justice as well as
political and social justice.
the practice of being unfair
I have witnessed not only at home but abroad the many failures of government in business. I have seen its tyrannies, its
injustices, its undermining of the very instincts which carry our people forward to progress.
get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action
One of the great problems of government is to determine to what extent the Government itself shall
interfere with commerce and industry and how much it shall leave to individual exertion.
improper or excessive use
We have had
abuses in the conduct of business that every good citizen resents.
faithful support for a cause or political party or religion
adherence to the principles of decentralization, self-government, ordered liberty, and opportunity and freedom to the individual our American experiment has yielded a degree of well-being unparalleled in all the world.
done with or working with others for a common purpose
We have ten thousand examples of this
cooperative tendency in the enormous growth of the associational activities during recent years. Chambers of commerce, trade associations, professional associations, labor unions, trade councils, civic associations, farm
cooperatives — these are all so embracing that there is scarcely an individual in our country who does not belong to one or more of them.
the state of being bound to do or pay something
The government in its
obligation to the public can through skilled specialists cooperate with these various associations for the accomplishment of high public purposes.
motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
The second form that this cooperation can take is in the cure of abuses and the establishment of a higher code of
ethics and a more strict standard in its conduct of business.
relying on or requiring a person or thing for support
If we are to be wholly
dependent upon government to cure every evil we shall by this very method have created an enlarged and deadening abuse through the extension of bureaucracy and the clumsy and incapable handling of delicate economic forces.
the act of controlling or directing according to rule
And much abuse has been and can be cured by inspiration and cooperation, rather than by
regulation of the government.
act of expanding in scope
There is here a fundamental relief from the necessity of
extension of the government into every avenue of business and welfare and therefore a powerful implement for the promotion of progress.
a possibility from a favorable combination of circumstances
opportunity is the right of every American, rich or poor, foreign or native born, without respect to race or faith or color, to attain that position in life to which his ability and character entitle him.
capability to perform or produce
The first steps to equality of opportunity are that there should be no child in America that has not been born and does not live under sound conditions of health, that does not have full opportunity for education from the beginning to the end of our institutions, that is not free from injurious labor, that does not have stimulation to accomplish to the fullest of its
a precautionary measure warding off impending danger
It is a matter for concern to our Government that we shall strengthen the
safeguards to health, that we shall strengthen the bureaus given to research, that we shall strengthen our educational system at every point, that we shall develop cooperation by our Federal Government with state governments and with the voluntary bodies of the country that we may bring not only better understanding but action in these matters.
hang or fall in movement, progress, development, etc.
Furthermore, equality of opportunity in my vision requires an equal opportunity to the people in every section of our country. In these past few years some groups in our country have
lagged behind others in the march of progress. They have not had the same opportunity.
give help; be of service
assist in solving these problems by cooperation of our Government. To the agricultural industry we shall need advance initial capital to
assist them, to stabilize and conduct their own industry.
direct the course of; manage or control
But this proposal is that they shall
conduct it themselves, not by the Government.