a state at a particular time
my attention is naturally drawn to the great causes which have contributed in a principal degree to produce the present happy
condition of the United States.
make steady progress
During a period fraught with difficulties and marked by very extraordinary events the United States have
flourished beyond example.
marked by peace and success
Their citizens individually have been happy and the nation
benefit resulting from some event or action
Under this Constitution our commerce has been wisely regulated with foreign nations and between the States; new States have been admitted into our Union; our territory has been enlarged by fair and honorable treaty, and with great
advantage to the original States
gain with effort
the States, respectively protected by the National Government under a mild, parental system against foreign dangers, and enjoying within their separate spheres, by a wise partition of power, a just proportion of the sovereignty, have improved their police, extended their settlements, and
attained a strength and maturity which are the best proofs of wholesome laws well administered.
something or someone seen, especially a notable sight
And if we look to the condition of individuals what a proud
spectacle does it exhibit!
the point or degree to which something extends
It is well known that all these blessings have been enjoyed in their fullest
the contentment one feels when one has fulfilled a desire
I add with peculiar
satisfaction that there has been no example of a capital punishment being inflicted on anyone for the crime of high treason.
the quality of doing what is right
virtue of the people and of the heroic exploits of the Army, the Navy, and the militia I need not speak.
having the requisite qualities or resources to meet a task
Such, then, is the happy Government under which we live—a Government
adequate to every purpose for which the social compact is formed
Fortunate as we are in our political institutions, we have not been less so in other circumstances on which our prosperity and happiness essentially depend.
mild or free from extremes
Situated within the
temperate zone, and extending through many degrees of latitude along the Atlantic, the United States enjoy all the varieties of climate, and every production incident to that portion of the globe.
present in great quantity
Blessed, too, with a fertile soil, our produce has always been very
abundant, leaving, even in years the least favorable, a surplus for the wants of our fellow-men in other countries.
state of well-being characterized by contentment
Such is our peculiar
felicity that there is not a part of our Union that is not particularly interested in preserving it.
a quantity much larger than is needed
Our manufactures find a generous encouragement by the policy which patronizes domestic industry, and the
surplus of our produce a steady and profitable market by local wants in less-favored parts at home.
properly or sufficiently qualified, capable, or efficient
While, then, the constituent body retains its present sound and healthful state everything will be safe. They will choose
competent and faithful representatives for every department.
disposed to peace or of a peaceful nature
Our distance from Europe and the just, moderate, and
pacific policy of our Government may form some security against these dangers, but they ought to be anticipated and guarded against.
tender, romantic, or nostalgic feeling or emotion
National honor is national property of the highest value. The
sentiment in the mind of every citizen is national strength. It ought therefore to be cherished.
characterized by intense emotion
The arrangement should be such as to put at the command of the Government the
ardent patriotism and youthful vigor of the country.
the quality of being useful
By thus facilitating the intercourse between the States we shall add much to the
convenience and comfort of our fellow-citizens, much to the ornament of the country, and, what is of greater importance, we shall shorten distances, and, by making each part more accessible to and dependent on the other, we shall bind the Union more closely together.
unusually great in size or amount or extent or scope
A more interesting spectacle was perhaps never seen than is exhibited within the limits of the United States—a territory so
vast and advantageously situated, containing objects so grand, so useful, so happily connected in all their parts!
provide with sustenance
It is important, too, that the capital which
nourishes our manufacturers should be domestic, as its influence in that case instead of exhausting, as it may do in foreign hands, would be felt advantageously on agriculture and every other branch of industry.
Equally important is it to provide at home a market for our raw materials, as by extending the competition it will
enhance the price and protect the cultivator against the casualties incident to foreign markets.
government income due to taxation
The great amount of our
revenue and the flourishing state of the Treasury are a full proof of the competency of the national resources for any emergency, as they are of the willingness of our fellow-citizens to bear the burdens which the public necessities require.
enlarge or increase
The vast amount of vacant lands, the value of which daily
augments, forms an additional resource of great extent and duration.
yielding positive results
Peace is the best time for improvement and preparation of every kind; it is in peace that our commerce flourishes most, that taxes are most easily paid, and that the revenue is most
a feeling of strong eagerness
I shall do all I can to secure economy and fidelity in this important branch of the Administration, and I doubt not that the Legislature will perform its duty with equal
make happy or satisfied
It is particularly
gratifying to me to enter on the discharge of these duties at a time when the United States are blessed with peace.
compatibility in opinion and action
Equally gratifying is it to witness the increased
harmony of opinion which pervades our Union.
standing above others in quality or position
Union is recommended as well by the free and benign principles of our Government, extending its blessings to every individual, as by the other
eminent advantages attending it.
kindly endorsement and guidance
Never did a government commence under
auspices so favorable, nor ever was success so complete.
the state of being without a flaw or defect
In contemplating what we have still to perform, the heart of every citizen must expand with joy when he reflects how near our Government has approached to
develop in a positive way
If we persevere in the career in which we have
advanced so far and in the path already traced, we can not fail, under the favor of a gracious Providence, to attain the high destiny which seems to await us.
of high moral or intellectual value
Of my immediate predecessor, under whom so important a portion of this great and successful experiment has been made, I shall be pardoned for earnest wishes that he may long enjoy in his retirement the affections of a grateful country, the best reward of
exalted talents and the most faithful and meritorious service.
an advantage to the benefit of someone or something
Relying on the aid to be derived from the other departments of the Government, I enter on the trust to which I have been called by the suffrages of my fellow-citizens with my fervent prayers to the Almighty that He will be graciously pleased to continue to us that protection which He has already so conspicuously displayed in our