Evolutionary BIology - Evidence of Common Ancestry and Diversity - High School

Want to be an expert on evolution? Review these terms and learn all about the evidence of common ancestry and diversity. This list covers fossils, comparative anatomy, embryology, and much more.

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definitions & notes only words
  1. amino acid
    organic compounds containing an amino group and acid group
  2. anatomy
    the study of the structure of animals
  3. ancestry
    inherited properties shared with others of your bloodline
  4. atavism
    a reappearance of an earlier characteristic
  5. biochemical
    involving chemical processes in living organisms
  6. biodiversity
    the variety of plant and animal life in a habitat
  7. biogeography
    the study of the distribution of animals and plants
  8. comparative anatomy
    the study of anatomical features of animals of different species
  9. development
    a process in which something passes to a different stage
  10. diversity
    noticeable variety
  11. DNA
    a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell
  12. embryo
    an animal organism in the early stages of growth
  13. evolution
    sequence of events involved in the development of a species
  14. evolutionary
    relating to the development of a species
  15. extinct
    no longer in existence
  16. extinction
    the state of being no longer in existence
  17. fossil
    the remains of a plant or animal from a past geological age
  18. fossilization
    the process by which an organism is preserved in rock
  19. gene
    part of DNA controlling physical characteristics and growth
  20. genetic
    relating to the study of heredity and variation in organisms
  21. geologic time
    the time of the physical formation and development of the earth (especially prior to human history)
  22. homologous
    having the same evolutionary origin
  23. microfossil
    a fossil that must be studied microscopically
  24. morphology
    the study of the structure of animals and plants
  25. natural selection
    a process in which organisms evolve to adapt to environment
  26. organism
    a living thing that can act or function independently
  27. phylogenetic relation
    (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts
  28. phylogeny
    evolutionary development of a species or group of organisms
  29. plate tectonics
    the movement or study of the movement of Earth's crust
  30. radioactive dating
    measurement of the amount of radioactive material (usually carbon 14) that an object contains; can be used to estimate the age of the object
  31. reconstruction
    an interpretation from piecing together bits of evidence
  32. sequence
    serial arrangement in which things follow in logical order
  33. speciation
    the evolution of a biological species
  34. species
    taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
  35. vestigial
    not fully developed in mature animals
Created on February 6, 2017 (updated April 4, 2017)

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