Nehru's "Tryst with Destiny" Speech

On August 15, 1947, India signed an agreement that granted it s independence from Britain. India had not ruled itself for centuries. After a long and exhausting fight that took decades of diplomatic struggle and protest, India was finally free and Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of the nation. The speech he gave upon India's independence being secured is known as the "Tryst with Destiny" speech. It is justifiably famous as a great speech delivered at a great historic moment. Here are 24 vocabulary words from the speech. The full text of the speech is available here.
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definitions & notes only words
  1. tryst
    a secret rendezvous, especially between lovers
    Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now that time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially.
  2. redeem
    to turn in and receive something in exchange
    Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now that time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially.
  3. inequality
    lack of balance or similarity in status
    It means the ending of poverty and ignorance and disease and inequality of opportunity.
  4. quest
    the act of searching for something
    At the dawn of history India started on her unending quest, and trackless centuries which are filled with her striving and the grandeur of her successes and her failures.
  5. beckon
    summon with a wave, nod, or some other gesture
    Nevertheless, the past is over and it is the future that beckons to us now.
  6. verge
    the limit beyond which something happens or changes
    We are citizens of a great country, on the verge of bold advance, and we have to live up to that high standard.
  7. aloft
    high up in or into the air
    On this day our first thoughts go to the architect of this freedom, the father of our nation, who, embodying the old spirit of India, held aloft the torch of freedom and lighted up the darkness that surrounded us.
  8. homage
    respectful deference
    And to India, our much-loved motherland, the ancient, the eternal and the ever-new, we pay our reverent homage and we bind ourselves afresh to her service.
  9. suppressed
    held in check with difficulty
    A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance.
  10. grandeur
    the quality of being magnificent or splendid
    At the dawn of history India started on her unending quest, and trackless centuries which are filled with her striving and the grandeur of her successes and her failures.
  11. strive
    attempt by employing effort
    At the dawn of history India started on her unending quest, and trackless centuries which are filled with her striving and the grandeur of her successes and her failures.
  12. incessant
    uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing
    That future is not one of ease or resting but of incessant striving so that we might fulfill the pledges we have so often taken and the one we shall take today.
  13. sovereign
    not controlled by outside forces
    The responsibility rests upon this assembly, a sovereign body representing the sovereign people of India.
  14. stray
    wander from a direct course or at random
    We must not forget Netaji though we have often been unworthy followers of his and have strayed from his message.
  15. embody
    represent or express something abstract in tangible form
    On this day our first thoughts go to the architect of this freedom, the father of our nation, who, embodying the old spirit of India, held aloft the torch of freedom and lighted up the darkness that surrounded us.
  16. petty
    small and of little importance
    This is no time for petty and destructive criticism, no time for ill will or blaming others.
  17. tempest
    a violent commotion or disturbance
    We shall never allow that torch of freedom to be blown out, however high the wind or stormy the tempest.
  18. slumber
    be asleep
    The appointed day has come - the day appointed by destiny - and India stands forth again, after long slumber and struggle, awake, vital, free and independent.
  19. cherish
    be fond of
    A new star rises, the star of freedom in the east, a new hope comes into being, a vision long cherished materialises.
  20. reverent
    feeling or showing profound respect or veneration
    And to India, our much-loved motherland, the ancient, the eternal and the ever-new, we pay our reverent homage and we bind ourselves afresh to her service.
  21. vital
    performing an essential function in the living body
    The appointed day has come - the day appointed by destiny - and India stands forth again, after long slumber and struggle, awake, vital, free and independent.
  22. cling
    hold on tightly or tenaciously
    The past clings on to us still in some measure and we have to do much before we redeem the pledges we have so often taken.
  23. endure
    undergo or be subjected to
    Before the birth of freedom we have endured all the pains of labour and our hearts are heavy with the memory of this sorrow.
  24. solemn
    dignified and somber in manner or character
    It is fitting that at this solemn moment we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity with some pride.

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