religious person

Definitions of religious person
  1. noun
    a person who manifests devotion to a deity
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    Antonyms:
    nonreligious person
    a person who does not manifest devotion to a deity
    examples:
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    Mary Morse Baker Eddy
    founder of Christian Science in 1866 (1821-1910)
    George Fox
    English religious leader who founded the Society of Friends (1624-1691)
    Gautama Siddhartha
    founder of Buddhism; worshipped as a god (c 563-483 BC)
    Chuang-tzu
    4th-century Chinese philosopher on whose teachings Lao-tse based Taoism
    Mahdi
    (Islam) a messianic leader who (according to popular Muslim belief) will appear before the end of the world and restore justice and religion
    Pope Alexander VI
    Pope and father of Cesare Borgia and Lucrezia Borgia (1431-1503)
    Al-hakim
    an Ismaili caliph of Egypt who declared himself an incarnation of God and founded the Druze religious sect (985-1021)
    Ali
    the fourth caliph of Islam who is considered to be the first caliph by Shiites; he was a cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad; after his assassination Islam was divided into Shiite and Sunnite sects
    Amos
    a Hebrew shepherd and minor prophet
    Saint Andrew the Apostle
    (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; brother of Peter; patron saint of Scotland
    Asanga
    Indian religious leader and founder of the Yogacara school of Buddhism in India (4th century)
    Roger Bacon
    English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)
    Saint Benedict
    Italian monk who founded the Benedictine order about 540 (480-547)
    Prospero Lambertini
    pope who was a patron of the arts and who denounced the cruelty to the indigenous peoples of South America (1675-1758)
    Giacomo della Chiesa
    pope who founded the Vatican service for prisoners of war during World War I (1854-1922)
    Jakob Behmen
    German mystic and theosophist who founded modern theosophy; influenced George Fox (1575-1624)
    Benedetto Caetani
    pope who declared that Catholic princes are subject to the pope in temporal as well as in theological matters (1235-1303)
    Saint Bridget
    Irish abbess; a patron saint of Ireland (453-523)
    Pearl Sydenstricker Buck
    United States author whose novels drew on her experiences as a missionary in China (1892-1973)
    Guy of Burgundy
    pope who in 1122 forced the Holy Roman Emperor Henry V to sign a concordat that recognized the right of the church to choose its own leadership (died in 1124)
    Alfonso Borgia
    Italian pope whose nepotism put the Borgia family in power in Italy (1378-1458)
    Giulio de' Medici
    Italian pope from 1523 to 1534 who broke with Henry VIII of England after Henry VIII divorced Catherine of Aragon and married Anne Boleyn (1478-1534)
    Giovanni Francesco Albani
    Italian pope from 1700 to 1721 who condemned Jansenist ideas on papal infallibility
    Lorenzo Ganganelli
    Italian pope from 1769 to 1774 who lost whatever support remained of Catholic Europe, causing the church to fall into the hands of secular princes (1705-1774)
    Daniel
    (Old Testament) a youth who was taken into the court of Nebuchadnezzar and given divine protection when thrown into a den of lions (6th century BC)
    Johannes Eckhart
    German Roman Catholic theologian and mystic (1260-1327)
    Elijah
    a Hebrew prophet in the Old Testament who opposed the worship of idols; he was persecuted for rebuking Ahab and Jezebel (king and queen of Israel); he was taken up to heaven in a chariot of fire (circa 9th century BC)
    Ezechiel
    a Hebrew prophet of the 6th century BC who was exiled to Babylon in 587 BC
    Fatimah
    youngest daughter of the prophet Mohammed and wife of the fourth calif Ali; revered especially by Shiite Muslims (606-632)
    Gregory the Great
    (Roman Catholic Church) an Italian pope distinguished for his spiritual and temporal leadership; a saint and Doctor of the Church (540?-604)
    Gregory VII
    the Italian pope who fought to establish the supremacy of the pope over the Roman Catholic Church and the supremacy of the church over the state (1020-1085)
    Angelo Correr
    the Italian pope from 1406 to 1415 who worked to end the Great Schism and who retired to make it possible (1327-1417)
    Ugo Buoncompagni
    the pope who sponsored the introduction of the modern calendar (1572-1585)
    Bartolomeo Alberto Capillari
    Italian pope from 1831 to 1846; conservative in politics and theology; worked to propagate Catholicism in England and the United States (1765-1846)
    Habakkuk
    a Hebrew minor prophet
    Aggeus
    a Hebrew minor prophet
    Heloise
    student and mistress and wife of Abelard (circa 1098-1164)
    Hosea
    a minor Hebrew prophet (8th century BC)
    Lotario di Segni
    Italian pope from 1198 to 1216 who instituted the Fourth Crusade and under whom papal intervention in European politics reached its height (1161-1216)
    Giovanni Battista Cibo
    Italian pope from 1484 to 1492 who was known as a nepotist and was attacked by Savonarola for his worldliness (1432-1492)
    Benedetto Odescalchi
    Italian pope from 1676 to 1689 whose papacy was marked by the struggle with Louis XIV of France over papal authority over French Catholics; known for saintliness and canonized in 1956 (1611-1689)
    Antonio Pignatelli
    Italian pope from 1691 to 1700 who abolished nepotism within the church hierarchy and was universally loved for his charity and piety
    Isaiah
    (Old Testament) the first of the major Hebrew prophets (8th century BC)
    Saint James the Apostle
    (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; brother of John; author of the Epistle of James in the New Testament
    Jeremiah
    (Old Testament) an Israelite prophet who is remembered for his angry lamentations (jeremiads) about the wickedness of his people (circa 626-587 BC)
    Jesus of Nazareth
    a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity (circa 4 BC - AD 29)
    Joel
    a Hebrew minor prophet
    Saint John the Apostle
    (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditionally said to be the author of the 4th Gospel and three epistles and the book of Revelation
    Angelo Guiseppe Roncalli
    Italian pope from 1958 to 1963 who convoked the Second Vatican Council (1881-1963)
    Albino Luciano
    the first Pope to assume a double name; he reigned for only 34 days (1912-1978)
    Karol Wojtyla
    the first Pope born in Poland; the first Pope not born in Italy in 450 years (1920-2005)
    Jonah
    (Old Testament) Jonah did not wish to become a prophet so God caused a great storm to throw him overboard from a ship; he was saved by being swallowed by a whale that vomited him out onto dry land
    Joshua
    (Old Testament) Moses' successor who led the Israelites into the Promised Land; best remembered for his destruction of Jericho
    Judas Iscariot
    (New Testament) the Apostle who betrayed Jesus to his enemies for 30 pieces of silver
    Saint Jude
    (New Testament) supposed brother of St. James; one of the Apostles who is invoked in prayer when a situation seems hopeless
    Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini
    Iranian religious leader of the Shiites; when Shah Pahlavi's regime fell Khomeini established a new constitution giving himself supreme powers (1900-1989)
    Leo the Great
    Italian pope from 440 to 461 who extended the authority of the papacy to the west and persuaded Attila not to attack Rome (440-461)
    Leo III
    Italian pope from 795 to 816 who in 800 crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans (750-816)
    Bruno of Toul
    German pope from 1049 to 1054 whose papacy was the beginning of papal reforms in the 11th century (1002-1054)
    Giovanni de'Medici
    son of Lorenzo de'Medici and pope from 1513 to 1521 who excommunicated Martin Luther and who in 1521 bestowed on Henry VIII the title of Defender of the Faith (1475-1521)
    Giovanni Vincenzo Pecci
    Italian pope from 1878 to 1903 who was interested in the advancement of learning and who opened the Vatican secret archives to all scholars
    Saint Luke
    (New Testament) the Apostle closely associated with St. Paul and traditionally assumed to be the author of the third Gospel
    Malachias
    a Hebrew minor prophet of the 5th century BC
    Manes
    a Persian prophet who founded Manichaeism (216-276)
    Saint Mark
    Apostle and companion of Saint Peter; assumed to be the author of the second Gospel
    Pere Jacques Marquette
    French missionary who accompanied Louis Joliet in exploring the upper Mississippi River valley (1637-1675)
    Oddone Colonna
    Italian pope from 1417 to 1431 whose election as pope ended the Great Schism (1368-1431)
    Saint Matthew the Apostle
    (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; traditionally considered to be the author of the first Gospel
    Gregor Mendel
    Augustinian monk and botanist whose experiments in breeding garden peas led to his eventual recognition as founder of the science of genetics (1822-1884)
    Thomas Merton
    United States religious and writer (1915-1968)
    Micheas
    a minor Hebrew prophet (8th century BC)
    Mohammad
    the Arab prophet who, according to Islam, was the last messenger of Allah (570-632)
    Sun Myung Moon
    United States religious leader (born in Korea) who founded the Unification Church in 1954; was found guilty of conspiracy to evade taxes (born in 1920)
    Mormon
    the ancient prophet whose writings were revealed to Joseph Smith who founded the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
    Moses
    (Old Testament) the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus; Moses received the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai
    Nahum
    a Hebrew minor prophet of the 7th century BC
    Guru Nanak
    Indian religious leader who founded Sikhism in dissent from the caste system of Hinduism; he taught that all men had a right to search for knowledge of God and that spiritual liberation could be attained by meditating on the name of God (1469-1538)
    Tomasso Parentucelli
    Italian pope from 1447 to 1455 who founded the Vatican library (1397-1455)
    Obadiah
    a Hebrew minor prophet
    Saint Patrick
    Apostle and patron saint of Ireland; an English missionary to Ireland in the 5th century
    Apostle of the Gentiles
    (New Testament) a Christian missionary to the Gentiles; author of several Epistles in the New Testament; even though Paul was not present at the Last Supper he is considered an Apostle
    Alessandro Farnese
    Italian pope from 1534 to 1549 who excommunicated Henry VIII of England in 1538 and initiated the Council of Trent in 1545; was active in the Counter Reformation and promoted the Society of Jesus for this purpose (1468-1549)
    Giovanni Battista Montini
    Italian pope from 1963 to 1978 who eased restrictions on fasting and on interfaith marriages (1897-1978)
    Pelagius
    a British or Irish monk who denied the doctrines of original sin and predestination and defended human goodness and free will; his views were declared heretical by the Council of Ephesus in 431 (circa 360-418)
    William Penn
    Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania (1644-1718)
    Saint Peter the Apostle
    disciple of Jesus and leader of the Apostles; regarded by Catholics as the vicar of Christ on earth and first Pope
    Enea Silvio Piccolomini
    Italian pope from 1458 to 1464 who is remembered for his unsuccessful attempt to lead a crusade against the Turks (1405-1464)
    Antonio Ghislieri
    Italian pope from 1566 to 1572 who led the reformation of the Roman Catholic Church; he excommunicated Elizabeth I (1504-1572)
    Giovanni Angelo Braschi
    Italian pope from 1775 to 1799 who served during the French Revolution; Napoleon attacked the Papal States and in 1797 Pius VI was taken to France where he died (1717-1799)
    Luigi Barnaba Gregorio Chiaramonti
    Italian pope from 1800 to 1823 who was humiliated by Napoleon and taken prisoner in 1809; he concluded a concordat with Napoleon and crowned him emperor of France; he returned to Rome in 1814 (1740-1823)
    Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti
    Italian pope from 1846 to 1878 who in 1854 declared the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary
    Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto
    pope who condemned religious modernism; he was canonized in 1954 because of his interest in the poor (1835-1914)
    Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti
    pope who signed a treaty with Mussolini recognizing the Vatican City as an independent state (1857-1939)
    Eugenio Pacelli
    pope who maintained neutrality during World War II and was later criticized for not aiding the Jews who were persecuted by Hitler (1876-1958)
    Charles Taze Russell
    United States religious leader who founded the sect that is now called Jehovah's Witnesses (1852-1916)
    Samuel
    (Old Testament) Hebrew prophet and judge who anointed Saul as king
    Girolamo Savonarola
    Italian religious and political reformer; a Dominican friar in Florence who preached against sin and corruption and gained a large following; he expelled the Medici from Florence but was later excommunicated and executed for criticizing the Pope (1452-1498)
    Albert Schweitzer
    French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
    Miguel Jose Serra
    Spanish missionary who founded Franciscan missions in California (1713-1784)
    Saint Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
    United States religious leader who was the first person born in the United States to be canonized (1774-1821)
    Simon the Canaanite
    one of the twelve Apostles (first century)
    Francesco della Rovere
    Italian pope from 1471 to 1484 who consented to the establishment of the Spanish Inquisition and built the Sistine Chapel (1414-1484)
    Joseph Smith
    religious leader who founded the Mormon Church in 1830 (1805-1844)
    Sylvester II
    French pope from 999 to 1003 who was noted for his great learning (945-1003)
    Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu
    Indian nun and missionary in the Roman Catholic Church (born of Albanian parents in what is now Macedonia); dedicated to helping the poor in India (1910-1997)
    Thomas the doubting Apostle
    the Apostle who would not believe the resurrection of Jesus until he saw Jesus with his own eyes
    Timothy
    a disciple of Saint Paul who became the leader of the Christian community at Ephesus
    Titus
    a Greek disciple and helper of Saint Paul
    Otho of Lagery
    French pope from 1088 to 1099 whose sermons called for the First Crusade (1042-1099)
    Guillaume de Grimoard
    French pope from 1362 to 1370 who tried to reestablish the papacy in Rome but in 1367 returned to Avignon hoping to end the war between France and England; canonized in 1870 (1310-1370)
    Bartolomeo Prignano
    Italian pope from 1378 to 1389 whose contested election began the Great Schism; he alienated his political allies by his ruthless treatment of his opponents (1318-1389)
    Maffeo Barberini
    Italian pope from 1623 to 1644 who sanctioned the condemnation of Galileo but later freed him (1568-1644)
    Isaac Mayer Wise
    United States religious leader (born in Bohemia) who united reform Jewish organizations in the United States (1819-1900)
    Stephen Samuel Wise
    United States Jewish leader (born in Hungary) (1874-1949)
    Brigham Young
    United States religious leader of the Mormon Church after the assassination of Joseph Smith; he led the Mormon exodus from Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah (1801-1877)
    Zacharias
    a Hebrew minor prophet of the late 6th century BC
    Sophonias
    a Hebrew minor prophet of the late 7th century BC
    Zarathustra
    Persian prophet who founded Zoroastrianism (circa 628-551 BC)
    Guibert of Ravenna
    Italian antipope from 1080 to 1100 who was installed as pope by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV who consistently opposed efforts at papal reform (died in 1100)
    types:
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    religionist
    a person addicted to religion or a religious zealot
    Christian
    a religious person who believes Jesus is the Christ and who is a member of a Christian denomination
    non-Catholic
    a religious person who is not a Catholic
    Moslem, Muslim
    a believer in or follower of Islam
    Buddhist
    one who follows the teachings of Buddha
    Hindoo, Hindu
    a person who adheres to Hinduism
    abstainer, ascetic
    someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline
    agnostic
    a person who claims that they cannot have true knowledge about the existence of God (but does not deny that God might exist)
    anointer
    one who anoints as a religious ceremony
    believer, worshiper, worshipper
    a person who has religious faith
    celibate
    an unmarried person who has taken a religious vow of chastity
    church member, churchgoer
    a religious person who goes to church regularly
    coreligionist
    someone having the same religion as another person
    Mandaean, Mandean
    a member of a small Gnostic sect that originated in Jordan and survives in Iraq and who believes that John the Baptist was the Messiah
    missionary, missioner
    someone sent on a mission--especially a religious or charitable mission to a foreign country
    Moonie
    an often derogatory term for a member of the Unification Church
    oblate
    a lay person dedicated to religious work or the religious life
    Ebionite, Nazarene
    a member of a group of Jews who (during the early history of the Christian Church) accepted Jesus as the Messiah; they accepted the Gospel According to Matthew but rejected the Epistles of St. Paul and continued to follow Jewish law and celebrate Jewish holidays; they were later declared heretic by the Church of Rome
    novice, novitiate
    someone who has entered a religious order but has not taken final vows
    pagan
    a person who follows a polytheistic or pre-Christian religion (not a Christian or Muslim or Jew)
    Parsee, Parsi
    a member of a monotheistic sect of Zoroastrian origin; descended from the Persians; now found in western India
    penitent
    (Roman Catholic Church) a person who repents for wrongdoing (a Roman Catholic may be admitted to penance under the direction of a confessor)
    prayer, supplicant
    someone who prays to God
    prophet
    someone who speaks by divine inspiration; someone who is an interpreter of the will of God
    religious
    a member of a religious order who is bound by vows of poverty and chastity and obedience
    religious leader
    leader of a religious order
    Sabbatarian
    one who observes Saturday as the Sabbath (as in Judaism)
    sacrificer
    a religious person who offers up a sacrifice
    tritheist
    someone (not an orthodox Christian) who believes that the Father and Son and Holy Ghost are three separate gods
    Adventist, Second Adventist
    a member of Christian denomination that expects the imminent advent of Christ
    gentile
    a Christian
    gentile, goy, non-Jew
    a Christian as contrasted with a Jew
    Protestant
    an adherent of Protestantism
    Friend, Quaker
    a member of the Religious Society of Friends founded by George Fox (the Friends have never called themselves Quakers)
    Catholic
    a member of a Catholic church
    Old Catholic
    a member of the church formed in the 19th century by German Catholics who refused to accept the infallibility of the Pope
    Copt
    a member of the Coptic Church
    Islamist
    an orthodox Muslim
    Jihadist
    a Muslim who is involved in a jihad
    Shi'ite, Shi'ite Muslim, Shia Muslim, Shiite, Shiite Muslim
    a member of the branch of Islam that regards Ali as the legitimate successor to Mohammed and rejects the first three caliphs
    Sunni, Sunni Muslim, Sunnite
    a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad
    swami
    a Hindu religious teacher; used as a title of respect
    chela
    a Hindu disciple of a swami
    Hare Krishna
    worshipper of Krishna and member of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
    Shaktist
    worshipper of Shakti
    Shivaist
    worshipper of Shiva
    Vaishnava
    worshipper of Vishnu
    Moor
    one of the Muslim people of north Africa; of mixed Arab and Berber descent; converted to Islam in the 8th century; conqueror of Spain in the 8th century
    Apostle
    (New Testament) one of the original 12 disciples chosen by Christ to preach his gospel
    Apostelic Father, Apostle
    any important early teacher of Christianity or a Christian missionary to a people
    arianist
    an adherent of Arianism (the belief that Jesus Christ was not truly God)
    assassin
    a member of a secret order of Muslims (founded in the 12th century) who terrorized and killed Christian Crusaders
    ayatollah
    a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well
    beadsman, bedesman
    a person who is paid to pray for the soul of another
    begum
    a Muslim woman of high rank in India or Pakistan
    theist
    one who believes in the existence of a god or gods
    born-again Christian
    a Christian who has experienced a dramatic conversion to faith in Jesus
    calif, caliph, kalif, kaliph, khalif, khalifah
    the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth
    communicant
    a person entitled to receive Communion
    congregant
    a member of a congregation (especially that of a church or synagogue)
    devil worshiper
    someone who worships devils
    fakeer, fakir, faqir, faquir
    a Muslim or Hindu mendicant monk who is regarded as a holy man
    flagellant
    a person who whips himself as a religious penance
    friar, mendicant
    a male member of a religious order that originally relied solely on alms
    monastic, monk
    a male religious living in a cloister and devoting himself to contemplation and prayer and work
    Benedictine
    a monk or nun belonging to the order founded by Saint Benedict
    guru
    a Hindu or Buddhist religious leader and spiritual teacher
    Guru
    each of the first ten leaders of the Sikh religion
    hakeem, hakim
    a Muslim physician
    hakim
    a Muslim ruler or governor or judge
    Holy Roller
    a member of a religion that expresses ecstatic fervor
    imam, imaum
    (Islam) the man who leads prayers in a mosque; for Shiites an imam is a recognized authority on Islamic theology and law and a spiritual guide
    Jesuit
    a member of the Jesuit order
    Melchite, Melkite
    an Orthodox Christian or Uniate Christian belonging to the patriarchate of Alexandria or Antioch or Jerusalem
    Melchite, Melkite
    an eastern Christian in Egypt or Syria who adheres to the Orthodox faith as defined by the council of Chalcedon in 451 and as accepted by the Byzantine emperor
    Mon
    a member of a Buddhist people living in Myanmar and adjacent parts of Thailand
    monotheist
    a believer in one god
    mujahid
    a Muslim engaged in what he considers to be a jihad
    mujtihad
    an Islamic scholar who engages in ijtihad, the effort to derive rules of divine law from Muslim sacred texts
    Mollah, Mulla, Mullah
    a Muslim trained in the doctrine and law of Islam; the head of a mosque
    Muslimah
    a Muslim woman
    mystic, religious mystic
    someone who believes in the existence of realities beyond human comprehension
    Nazarene
    an early name for any Christian
    numerologist
    a believer in numerology
    nun
    a woman religious
    pantheist
    someone who believes that God and the universe are the same
    parishioner
    a member of a parish
    pilgrim
    someone who journeys to a sacred place as an act of religious devotion
    puritan
    someone who adheres to strict religious principles; someone opposed to sensual pleasures
    eremite
    a Christian recluse
    cenobite, coenobite
    a member of a religious order living in common
    saddhu, sadhu
    (Hinduism) an ascetic holy man
    sannyasi, sannyasin, sanyasi
    a Hindu religious mendicant
    Saracen
    (historically) a Muslim who opposed the Crusades
    Shaker
    a member of Christian group practicing celibacy and communal living and common possession of property and separation from the world
    stylite
    an early Christian ascetic who lived on top of high pillars
    Sufi
    a Muslim who represents the mystical dimension of Islam; a Muslim who seeks direct experience of Allah; mainly in Iran
    sun worshiper
    someone who worships the sun
    superior
    the head of a religious community
    theosophist
    a believer in theosophy
    Tractarian
    a follower of Tractarianism and supporter of the Oxford movement (which was expounded in pamphlets called `Tracts for the Times')
    votary
    one bound by vows to a religion or life of worship or service
    Wahabi, Wahhabi
    a member of a strictly orthodox Sunni Muslim sect from Saudi Arabia; strives to purify Islamic beliefs and rejects any innovation occurring after the 3rd century of Islam
    Wiccan, witch
    a believer in Wicca
    type of:
    individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul
    a human being
Word Family