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geological process

Definitions of geological process
  1. noun
    (geology) a natural process whereby geological features are modified
    synonyms: geologic process
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    types:
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    alluvion
    gradual formation of new land, by recession of the sea or deposit of sediment
    desertification
    the gradual transformation of habitable land into desert; is usually caused by climate change or by destructive use of the land
    diastrophism
    the process of deformation that produces continents and ocean basins in the earth's crust
    eating away, eroding, erosion, wearing, wearing away
    (geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding something down (as by particles washing over it)
    fold, folding
    a geological process that causes a bend in a stratum of rock
    glaciation
    the process of covering the earth with glaciers or masses of ice
    intrusion
    the forcing of molten rock into fissures or between strata of an earlier rock formation
    metamorphism
    change in the structure of rock by natural agencies such as pressure or heat or introduction of new chemical substances
    orogeny
    the process of mountain formation (especially by the upward displacement of the earth's crust)
    stratification
    forming or depositing in layers
    subduction
    a geological process in which one edge of a crustal plate is forced sideways and downward into the mantle below another plate
    chatter mark
    marks on a glaciated rock caused by the movement of a glacier
    ablation
    the erosive process that reduces the size of glaciers
    abrasion, attrition, corrasion, detrition
    erosion by friction
    anamorphism
    metamorphism that occurs deep under the earth's surface; changes simple minerals into complex minerals
    beach erosion
    the erosion of beaches
    epigenesis
    a geological change in the mineral content of rock after the rock has formed
    foliation
    (geology) the arrangement of leaflike layers in a rock
    Riss glaciation
    the next-to-last Pleistocene glaciation in the Alps and the deposits laid down at that time
    Saale glaciation
    the next-to-last Pleistocene glaciation in northern Europe and the deposits laid down at that time
    Wolstonian glaciation
    the next-to-last Pleistocene glaciation in Britain and the deposits laid down at that time
    deflation
    (geology) the erosion of soil as a consequence of sand and dust and loose rocks being removed by the wind
    katamorphism
    metamorphism that occurs at or near the earth's surface; breaks down complex minerals into simpler ones
    planation
    the process of erosion whereby a level surface is produced
    soil erosion
    the washing away of soil by the flow of water
    type of:
    action, activity, natural action, natural process
    a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings)
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