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ablation

An ablation is removing a body part, organ, or tissue surgically. If a doctor takes out one of your kidneys, that's an ablation.

This Latinate noun from the little-used verb ablate refers to the surgical removal of tissue from someone's body. This is a general term that applies to the surgical removal of any part of the patient's body. If an oncologist is removing a cancerous growth, that's an ablation. If a limb is being amputated, that's an ablation. If a dentist pulls out a tooth, that's an ablation. The other kind of ablation is also a reduction: the melting of glaciers.

Definitions of ablation
  1. noun
    the erosive process that reduces the size of glaciers
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    type of:
    eating away, eroding, erosion, wearing, wearing away
    (geology) the mechanical process of wearing or grinding something down (as by particles washing over it)
  2. noun
    surgical removal of a body part or tissue
    synonyms: cutting out, excision, extirpation
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    types:
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    adenoidectomy
    surgical removal of the adenoids; commonly performed along with tonsillectomy
    adrenalectomy, suprarenalectomy
    surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands
    appendectomy, appendicectomy
    surgical removal of the vermiform appendix
    cholecystectomy
    surgical removal of the gall bladder (usually for relief of gallstone pain)
    clitoridectomy, female circumcision
    excision of the clitoris
    embolectomy
    surgical removal of an embolus (usually from an artery)
    endarterectomy
    surgical removal of the inner lining of an artery that is clogged with atherosclerosis
    enervation
    surgical removal of a nerve
    hypophysectomy
    surgical removal of the pituitary gland
    hysterectomy
    surgical removal of the uterus
    laminectomy
    surgical removal of the bony arches on one or more vertebrae
    laryngectomy
    surgical removal of part or all of the larynx (usually to treat cancer of the larynx)
    lithotomy
    surgical removal of a stone (calculus)
    lobectomy
    surgical removal of a lobe from any organ of the body (as the lung or brain)
    lumpectomy
    surgical removal of a tumor without removing much of the surrounding tissue or lymph nodes; performed in some cases of breast cancer
    mastectomy
    surgical removal of a breast to remove a malignant tumor
    mastoidectomy
    surgical removal of some or all of the mastoid process
    meniscectomy
    surgical removal of the meniscus of the knee
    nephrectomy
    surgical removal of a kidney
    neurectomy
    surgical removal of all or part of a nerve
    oophorectomy, ovariectomy
    surgical removal of one of both ovaries
    oophorosalpingectomy
    surgical removal of one or both ovaries and the corresponding Fallopian tubes
    ophthalmectomy
    surgical removal of an eye
    orchidectomy, orchiectomy
    surgical removal of one or both testicles
    pancreatectomy
    surgical removal of part or all of the pancreas
    pneumonectomy
    surgical removal of a lung (usually to treat lung cancer)
    prostatectomy
    surgical removal of part or all of the prostate gland
    salpingectomy
    surgical removal of one or both Fallopian tubes
    septectomy
    surgical removal of all or part of a septum (especially the nasal septum or atrial septum)
    sigmoidectomy
    surgical removal of part or all of the sigmoid colon (usually to remove a malignant tumor)
    splenectomy
    surgical removal of the spleen
    stapedectomy
    surgical removal of the stapes of the middle ear
    sympathectomy
    surgical interruption of a nerve pathway in the sympathetic nervous system
    thrombectomy
    surgical removal of a blood clot (thrombus) from a blood vessel
    thyroidectomy
    surgical removal of the thyroid gland
    tonsillectomy
    surgical removal of the palatine tonsils; commonly performed along with adenoidectomy
    vasectomy
    surgical procedure that removes all or part of the vas deferens (usually as a means of sterilization); is sometimes reversible
    vulvectomy
    surgical removal of part or all of the vulva
    lap choly, laparoscopic cholecystectomy
    removal of the gall bladder through small punctures in the abdomen to permit the insertion of a laparoscope and surgical instruments
    panhysterectomy, radical hysterectomy
    surgical removal of the uterus and the ovaries and oviducts and cervix and related lymph nodes
    total hysterectomy
    surgical removal of the uterus and cervix
    cholelithotomy
    removal of gallstone through an incision in the gallbladder
    modified radical mastectomy
    removal of a breast and the pectoralis minor and some lymph nodes in the adjacent armpit
    radical mastectomy
    removal of a breast and the underlying muscles (pectoralis major and pectoralis minor) and lymph nodes in the adjacent armpit
    simple mastectomy
    removal of a breast leaving the underlying muscles and the lymph nodes intact
    type of:
    operation, surgery, surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical process
    a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body
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