extirpation

Use the noun extirpation to describe the wiping out or elimination of some specific thing. If your summer project is the extirpation of the dandelions in your yard, you intend to pull up every last one.

If a bird species is forced into extinction by a logging company cutting down trees in the rain forest, that activity can be said to have caused the birds' extirpation. The word is even more often used to talk about the deliberate removal of something, like one army's extirpation of every enemy soldier. The Latin root word, extirpationem, means "root out."

Definitions of extirpation
1

n the act of pulling up or out; uprooting; cutting off from existence

Synonyms:
deracination, excision
Type of:
pull, pulling
the act of pulling; applying force to move something toward or with you

n surgical removal of a body part or tissue

Synonyms:
ablation, cutting out, excision
Types:
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adenoidectomy
surgical removal of the adenoids; commonly performed along with tonsillectomy
adrenalectomy, suprarenalectomy
surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands
appendectomy, appendicectomy
surgical removal of the vermiform appendix
cholecystectomy
surgical removal of the gall bladder (usually for relief of gallstone pain)
clitoridectomy, female circumcision
excision of the clitoris
embolectomy
surgical removal of an embolus (usually from an artery)
endarterectomy
surgical removal of the inner lining of an artery that is clogged with atherosclerosis
enervation
surgical removal of a nerve
hypophysectomy
surgical removal of the pituitary gland
hysterectomy
surgical removal of the uterus
laminectomy
surgical removal of the bony arches on one or more vertebrae
laryngectomy
surgical removal of part or all of the larynx (usually to treat cancer of the larynx)
lithotomy
surgical removal of a stone (calculus)
lobectomy
surgical removal of a lobe from any organ of the body (as the lung or brain)
lumpectomy
surgical removal of a tumor without removing much of the surrounding tissue or lymph nodes; performed in some cases of breast cancer
mastectomy
surgical removal of a breast to remove a malignant tumor
mastoidectomy
surgical removal of some or all of the mastoid process
meniscectomy
surgical removal of the meniscus of the knee
nephrectomy
surgical removal of a kidney
neurectomy
surgical removal of all or part of a nerve
oophorectomy, ovariectomy
surgical removal of one of both ovaries
oophorosalpingectomy
surgical removal of one or both ovaries and the corresponding Fallopian tubes
ophthalmectomy
surgical removal of an eye
orchidectomy, orchiectomy
surgical removal of one or both testicles
pancreatectomy
surgical removal of part or all of the pancreas
pneumonectomy
surgical removal of a lung (usually to treat lung cancer)
prostatectomy
surgical removal of part or all of the prostate gland
salpingectomy
surgical removal of one or both Fallopian tubes
septectomy
surgical removal of all or part of a septum (especially the nasal septum or atrial septum)
sigmoidectomy
surgical removal of part or all of the sigmoid colon (usually to remove a malignant tumor)
splenectomy
surgical removal of the spleen
stapedectomy
surgical removal of the stapes of the middle ear
sympathectomy
surgical interruption of a nerve pathway in the sympathetic nervous system
thrombectomy
surgical removal of a blood clot (thrombus) from a blood vessel
thyroidectomy
surgical removal of the thyroid gland
tonsillectomy
surgical removal of the palatine tonsils; commonly performed along with adenoidectomy
vasectomy
surgical procedure that removes all or part of the vas deferens (usually as a means of sterilization); is sometimes reversible
vulvectomy
surgical removal of part or all of the vulva
lap choly, laparoscopic cholecystectomy
removal of the gall bladder through small punctures in the abdomen to permit the insertion of a laparoscope and surgical instruments
panhysterectomy, radical hysterectomy
surgical removal of the uterus and the ovaries and oviducts and cervix and related lymph nodes
total hysterectomy
surgical removal of the uterus and cervix
cholelithotomy
removal of gallstone through an incision in the gallbladder
modified radical mastectomy
removal of a breast and the pectoralis minor and some lymph nodes in the adjacent armpit
radical mastectomy
removal of a breast and the underlying muscles (pectoralis major and pectoralis minor) and lymph nodes in the adjacent armpit
simple mastectomy
removal of a breast leaving the underlying muscles and the lymph nodes intact
Type of:
operation, surgery, surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical process
a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body

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