disintegrate

Soak your tooth in a cup of soda for long enough and it will disintegrate, or break apart from decay.

The word disintegrate comes from a combination of the prefix dis- meaning "do the opposite of" and the Latin integrare meaning "to make whole." When something disintegrates, it does the opposite of become whole; it falls apart. Objects can either disintegrate over time — like a tooth soaking in a cup of soda, or instantaneously — like a building disintegrating into dust from an explosion.

Definitions of disintegrate
  1. verb
    break into parts or components or lose cohesion or unity
    “The material disintegrated
    “the group disintegrated after the leader died”
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    Antonyms:
    incorporate, integrate
    make into a whole or make part of a whole
    types:
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    powder, powderise, powderize, pulverise, pulverize
    make into a powder by breaking up or cause to become dust
    powderise, powderize, pulverise, pulverize
    become powder or dust
    run, unravel
    become undone
    crumble, fall apart
    break or fall apart into fragments
    digest
    soften or disintegrate, as by undergoing exposure to heat or moisture
    dissolve
    pass into a solution
    break apart, break up, crash
    break violently or noisily; smash;
    type of:
    change integrity
    change in physical make-up
  2. verb
    cause to undergo fission or lose particles
    Synonyms:
    decay, decompose
    lose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current
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    type of:
    alter, change, modify
    cause to change; make different; cause a transformation
  3. verb
    lose a stored charge, magnetic flux, or current
    “the particles disintegrated during the nuclear fission process”
    synonyms: decay, decompose
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    type of:
    change integrity
    change in physical make-up
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