When someone puts down or ridicules another person or group, that's derogation. Your sister might think her constant teasing is all in good fun, but if you view it as derogation, you should tell her to cut it out.

You'll often find this word used as a mass noun, to talk about entire categories or groups of people, like when business owners contribute to the derogation of homeless people by claiming they may be dangerous to their customers. You can also use it more generally to mean "belittlement." In legal jargon, derogation refers to a law whose effects are limited by its partial repeal.

Definitions of derogation
  1. noun
    a communication that belittles somebody or something
    synonyms: depreciation, disparagement
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    cold water
    disparagement of a plan or hope or expectation
    belittling, denigration
    a belittling comment
    aspersion, slur
    a disparaging remark
    detraction, petty criticism
    a petty disparagement
    sour grapes
    disparagement of something that is unattainable
    condescension, disdain, patronage
    a communication that indicates lack of respect by patronizing the recipient
    calumniation, calumny, defamation, hatchet job, obloquy, traducement
    a false accusation of an offense or a malicious misrepresentation of someone's words or actions
    ethnic slur
    a slur on someone's race or language
    assassination, blackwash, character assassination
    an attack intended to ruin someone's reputation
    malignment, smear, vilification
    slanderous defamation
    a false and malicious publication printed for the purpose of defaming a living person
    words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another
    name calling, names
    verbal abuse; a crude substitute for argument
    epithet, name
    a defamatory or abusive word or phrase
    type of:
    discourtesy, disrespect
    an expression of lack of respect
  2. noun
    (law) the partial taking away of the effectiveness of a law; a partial repeal or abolition of a law
    “any derogation of the common law is to be strictly construed”
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    type of:
    abrogation, annulment, repeal
    the act of abrogating; an official or legal cancellation
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