Essential Science Vocabulary: Earth Science: Weather and Climate

Whether you want to brush up on biology, study space science, or prep for a physics test, this collection of science vocabulary is for you! Our lists cover essential terms and concepts from all major scientific disciplines.
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Full list of words from this list:

  1. atmosphere
    the mass of air surrounding the Earth
  2. barometer
    an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
  3. blizzard
    a weather event with widespread snowfall and strong winds
  4. climate
    the weather in some location averaged over a period of time
  5. climate change
    a shift in the world's average weather and temperature
  6. condensation
    atmospheric moisture that has changed from a gas
  7. convection
    movement of heat by massive motion within the atmosphere
  8. current
    a flow of air in one direction
  9. cyclone
    an atmospheric system in which air circulates rapidly
  10. desertification
    a gradual transformation into arid, uninhabitable land
  11. drought
    a shortage of rainfall
  12. evaporation
    the process of becoming a suspension of particles in the air
  13. front
    phenomenon at the boundary between two different air masses
  14. humidity
    wetness in the atmosphere
  15. hurricane
    a severe tropical cyclone usually with heavy rains and winds
  16. meteorology
    the earth science dealing with phenomena of the atmosphere
  17. monsoon
    a seasonal wind in southern Asia
  18. precipitation
    the falling to earth of any form of water
  19. pressure
    the force exerted by the atmosphere
  20. sleet
    precipitation consisting of a mixture of rain and snow
  21. temperature
    the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment
  22. thermometer
    measuring instrument for measuring temperature
  23. tornado
    a violently destructive windstorm occurring over land
  24. tropical
    relating to part of the Earth's surface with hot climate
  25. tsunami
    a cataclysm resulting from a destructive sea wave
  26. weather
    atmospheric conditions such as temperature and precipitation
Created on August 4, 2021 (updated August 4, 2021)

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