Essential Math Vocabulary: Statistics and Probability

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Full list of words from this list:

  1. association
    a relation resulting from interaction or dependence
  2. causation
    the act of making something happen
  3. complement
    either of two parts that create a whole
  4. correlation
    a statistical relation between two or more variables
  5. data
    a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
  6. distribution
    an arrangement of values of a variable by frequency
  7. empirical
    derived from experiment and observation rather than theory
  8. exponential
    involving a quantity being multiplied by itself
  9. frequency
    the number of observations in a given statistical category
  10. inference
    a conclusion you can draw based on known evidence
  11. intersection
    the set of elements common to two or more sets
  12. interval
    a set containing all points between two given endpoints
  13. mean
    an average computed by adding some function of the numbers
  14. median
    the value below which 50% of the cases fall
  15. mode
    the most frequent value of a random variable
  16. model
    a representation of something, often on a smaller scale
  17. outcome
    a phenomenon that is caused by some previous phenomenon
  18. outlier
    a value in a set of data that differs widely from other data
  19. parameter
    a quantity that characterizes a statistical population
  20. permutation
    a change in the order or arrangement of objects in a group
  21. plot
    a chart, map, or graph showing progress, distribution, etc.
  22. population
    the entire aggregation from which samples can be drawn
  23. probability
    a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur
  24. proportion
    relation with respect to comparative quantity or magnitude
  25. randomization
    an arrangement or selection that depends on chance
  26. simulation
    representation of something, often on a smaller scale
  27. statistics
    a branch of mathematics concerned with quantitative data
  28. survey
    a detailed critical inspection
  29. trend
    a general direction in which something tends to move
  30. variable
    a symbol that is used in mathematical or logical expressions
Created on July 13, 2021

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