median

Median means middle. When a strip of grass divides one direction of a highway from another, it's called a median because it runs through the middle.

Median comes from the Latin word medius, which also means middle. In math, the median is a number in the middle of a list. In the set 2, 3, 5, 10, 25, the median is 5. The statistical median is often linked to the idea of an average. A town's average income might seem high if there are two extremely rich people who live there. The median will tell you the income of the person halfway through the list.

Definitions of median
1

adj relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle

Synonyms:
medial
central
in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area

adj relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values)

“the median value of 17, 20, and 36 is 20”
“the median income for the year was $15,000”
Synonyms:
average
normal
conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal

adj dividing an animal into right and left halves

Synonyms:
medial
mesial
being in or directed toward the midline or mesial plane of the body

n the value below which 50% of the cases fall

Synonyms:
median value
Type of:
average, norm
a statistic describing the location of a distribution

Sign up, it's free!

Whether you're a student, an educator, or a life-long learner, Vocabulary.com can put you on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement.