a political system in which power lies in a body of citizens
The Constitution, conservatives frequently assert, has provided us with a form of government superior to those of other nations, even other
.Washington Post (Sep 30, 2015)
demos (common people) + kratos (rule, strength) + y (suffix forming abstract or collective nouns)
The larger article (entitled "Overcoming America's political dysfunction") does not agree with the example sentence. Rather, it argues that the Constitution's division of powers makes changes in public policies nearly impossible, especially since the President and members of Congress are elected at different times by different sets of voters from different parties.
representing or appealing to the people at large
These were elite clothes at their most
, which is the sort of oxymoron only the fashion world can provide.New York Times (Sep 18, 2015)
demos (common people) + kratos (rule, strength) + ic (suffix forming adjectives)
From the Latin "eligere" which means "choose, pick out" and related to "election," "elite" sounds like it should represent democratic values, but as the example sentence suggests, it actually is the opposite. The clothes might be democratic because they cover many different styles, but they are elite because they're from a brand-name designer whose one-night show was attended by rich celebrities.
introduce democratic reforms; of nations
demos (common people) + kratos (rule, strength) + ize (suffix forming verbs)
In the example sentence, the verb has nothing to do with the nation's political system. Rather, the democratization focuses on social equality: due to their lower costs and smaller sizes, computers were no longer just in offices or universities, but became tools that all of us could have access to.
an advocate of rule by and for the people
Following the coup, Iranian intellectuals no longer viewed Americans as missionaries,
, teachers, nurses and doctors, but as oilmen, spies and military men.Time (Sep 18, 2015)
demos (common people) + kratos (rule, strength)
According to the example sentence, Iranian intellectuals once viewed Americans as helpful democrats, missionaries, teachers, and healthcare providers. But after the 1979 coup that led to a theocracy (the belief in government by divine guidance), Americans were accused of destroying democracy within Iran, while a series of religious, military, and elected leaders tried to keep power by fanning anti-Americanism.
the study of the characteristics of human populations
is truly becoming destiny is in the growing richness and complexity of our population.Forbes (May 26, 2015)
demos (common people) + graphy (suffix forming names of descriptive sciences)
The 19th century philosophical idea that "demography is destiny" has supported predictions of famines due to increasing births, social unrest due to uneven gender ratios, and political outcomes due to who's voting where. The example sentence suggests that an inevitable result due to population changes can also be positive.
a scientist who studies the growth and density of populations and their vital statistics
demos (common people) + graphy (suffix forming names of descriptive sciences) + er (suffix forming nouns)
According to the article, the reason that human population will eventually decline is that more people are moving from rural areas to cities. When we are surrounded by less space and more opportunities, we are less likely to choose to have big families. In the eyes of conservationists, a move towards urbanization would also give lands and animals a chance to recover.
a statistic characterizing human populations
demos (common people) + graphy (suffix forming names of descriptive sciences) + ic (suffix forming adjectives)
In the 1960s, the adjective was pluralized and turned into a noun to refer to the science of making predictions based on statistics about television audiences and advertisers. In the example sentence, the 18 to 34 demographic is not a science or statistic, but a specific population for which statistics are provided.
a leader who seeks support by appealing to popular passions
demos (common people) + agogos (leader)
According to the roots and definition, 1) the word should be a noun; 2) a demagogue should be admired. But the example sentence uses the word as a verb to negatively contrast with "explain." This emphasizes that leaders who focus on appealing to popular passions often ignore reason and lack a clear vision.
impassioned appeals to the emotions of the populace
Divided governments, as well as divided corporations, have historically rallied behind strong leadership that emphasizes problem solving over
and infighting.Forbes (Nov 8, 2014)
demos (common people) + agogos (leader) + ery (suffix forming nouns)
The second to last syllable is often deleted to create the synonymous "demagogy." But this might make it sound too similar to "pedagogy" which could irritate teachers who are concerned with problem-solving and developing students' minds.
of or for the common people
But by the 1980s, publishers wanted literature to reflect the
speech of ordinary folk.BBC (Aug 27, 2014)
demos (common people) + ic (suffix forming adjectives)
The article contrasts the Standard English taught in public schools with demotic Scottish speech; this makes "demotic" synonymous with "colloquial" ("characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation"). This reaction to oppression is not a reason for the ancient Egyptians' demotic alphabet, which simplified the hieroglyphic and hieratic alphabets for easier use in various settings.