Ventus and Venire

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definitions & notes only words
  1. vent
    a fissure in the earth's crust through which gases erupt
    In 2013, North Dakota accounted for 45 percent of the nation’s natural gas venting and flaring.Slate (Aug 28, 2015)
    ventus (wind)
    The definition is for a concrete noun, but the example sentence uses the word as a gerund (a noun formed from the present participle of a verb). As a verb, "vent" is more often used figuratively to mean "give expression or utterance to" (often in an angry tone). Although that is not intended in this usage, the entire article is criticizing the waste of natural gas.
  2. ventilation
    a mechanical system in a building that provides fresh air
    The isolation room also has a separate air ventilation system to ensure the other cats in the shelter do not contract airborne germs.Washington Times (Jul 26, 2015)
    ventus (wind) + ulum (suffix forming diminutives) + ation (suffix forming nouns of action)
    The chosen definition fits the actual use of the word, but the example sentence's focus on the health of the other cats suggests that "ventilation" can also be "the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation."
  3. ventilator
    a device that facilitates breathing
    Doctors typically declare a person brain dead, meaning they have no brain function at all, before removing organs while a ventilator keeps the heart beating.Washington Times (Jul 18, 2015)
    ventus (wind) + ulum (suffix forming diminutives) + ate (suffix forming verbs) + or (suffix forming nouns)
    Before the invention of breathing devices, a ventilator used to toss grain into the air in order to use the wind to blow away all the unwanted coverings and stems. This process is now called "winnowing" (from which "wind" is more directly descended).
  4. hyperventilate
    breathe excessively hard and fast
    Swimmers might intentionally hyperventilate before submerging themselves for extended periods, or try to swim for long distances while holding their breath.US News (May 21, 2015)
    hyper (prefix meaning "above, beyond") + ventus (wind) + ulum (suffix forming diminutives) + ate (suffix forming verbs)
    Hyperventilation is often an unintentional result of nerves, but the example sentence describes swimmers intentionally hyperventilating in order to train their lungs. But the article warns that this practice can lead to a loss of consciousness that can result in drowning.
  5. advent
    arrival that has been awaited
    Until the advent of testing, school districts were able to hide their failure to educate poor and minority students and those with learning challenges.Washington Post (Aug 17, 2015)
    ad (prefix meaning "to") + venire (to come)
    The Latin noun "ventus" is one of the forms of the verb "venire." This connection can be seen in the image of things coming and going with the wind. In this and the following words, the wind does not refer to the element but to any type of upcoming or ongoing movement.
  6. adventurous
    willing to undertake new and daring enterprises
    Powerful winds make it difficult for the adventurous few who seek to climb it.Washington Times (Sep 2, 2015)
    ad (prefix meaning "to") + venire (to come) + ous (suffix forming adjectives)
    The second "it" in the example sentence refers to the mountain formerly known as Mount McKinley, but now bearing a name truer to its Alaskan location. New measurements have slightly decreased its elevation, but standing at 20,310 feet at its highest point, Denali is still the tallest mountain in North America. Thus, despite the winds, the adventurous still come to climb it, but only half make it to the top.
  7. venture
    put forward, of a guess, in spite of possible refutation
    Others ventured that the haste with which authorities cleaned the crime scene may have accidentally compromised valuable evidence in the investigation.Time (Aug 24, 2015)
    venire (to come)
    The word's connection to a verbal action comes with less risk than a physical action ("proceed somewhere despite the risk of possible dangers"). When used as an adjective (in "venture capital" or "venture investments"), it suggests the risking of money, with the possibility of huge profits.
  8. venturesome
    disposed to take risks
    The streets were empty save for prowling dogs, pigs, and venturesome wild beasts.Tracy, Louis
    venire (to come) + some (suffix forming adjectives)
    "Venturesome" and "adventurous" are synonyms, but as the example sentence might suggest, if a negative tone is needed to describe the risk-taker, "venturesome" is more likely to be used.
  9. circumvent
    avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing
    And athletes can easily circumvent taxes in the cities where they play.US News (Aug 13, 2015)
    circum (prefix meaning "around") + venire (to come)
    Another meaning of the verb is "beat through cleverness and wit." While circumventing taxes might require cleverness and wit, the article was criticizing the Wisconsin governor's decision to use public funds for a basketball stadium, especially since the same amount of money is being cut from the budget of the state university. Thus, there is a deliberate contrast between professional athletes and intellectual development.
  10. preventative
    contributing to the hindrance of disease
    That means researchers are not only developing products for therapeutic use, but also for preventative use.Forbes (Apr 30, 2015)
    pre (prefix meaning "before") + venire (to come) + ative (suffix meaning "of or related to, tending to")
    A nearly identical synonym, which the Oxford English Dictionary prefers, is "preventive." In the example sentence, "preventative" and "therapeutic" are both used to describe products that treat disease, but the difference is that a therapeutic product would be used after symptoms have already appeared.
  11. eventual
    expected to follow in the indefinite future
    After eight seasons of Game of Thrones, we’ll certainly know the eventual fates of all the major players.Forbes (Jul 31, 2015)
    ex (prefix meaning "out") + venire (to come) + al (suffix forming adjectives)
    As the example sentence shows, "eventual" can be synonymous with "ultimate." But "ultimate" has a more definitive tone (the Latin verb "ultimare" means "to be final, come to an end") and can also mean "furthest or highest in degree or order; utmost or extreme."
  12. venue
    the scene of any event or action
    The event took place amid rising concerns about the water quality at venues for the Rio de Janeiro Olympics, now less than a year away.US News (Aug 10, 2015)
    venire (to come)
    The change in spelling is due to its passage through Old French. As the definition and example sentence show, a venue can be any place where any type of event is happening, but originally, it referred only to a coming or going for the purpose of attack. Now, in law, it means "the jurisdiction where a trial will be held."
Created on August 14, 2015 (updated August 26, 2019)

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