fill, combine, or supply with oxygen
The creatures are among the most abundant and diverse species on the planet and play key roles, from
the soil to pollination and recycling of nutrients.BBC (Apr 23, 2020)
occurring every year
Horticultural staff in late May and early June will plant around 50,000
and a few thousand perennials and replacement trees.Washington Times (May 9, 2020)
Annual means "yearly," and in the case of plants it refers to those that die every fall and need to be started again from seed in the spring.
promoting or enhancing well-being
Ladybugs are a type of
beneficial insect in the garden. They eat aphids and other pests that can damage crops.
sow over a wide area, especially by hand
Broadcast seeding is of particular use in establishing dense plant spacing, as for cover crops and lawns.
People mostly use
broadcast when talking about media like TV and radio — the word
podcast is a play on that — but the origin of the word is agricultural. When a farmer tosses handfuls of seed out into a field, that's
a mixture of decaying vegetation and manure
Google Trends shows a doubling of worldwide online searches for
and seeds compared with a year ago.BBC (May 2, 2020)
Compost is decomposed plant matter, turned back into nutrient-rich soil by bacteria and fungi. Many gardeners have a
compost pile where they put kitchen scraps and garden waste to break down, adding it back to the soil the following year. In Old French,
composter is the verb for treating fields with manure to fertilize them.
not continuing to grow indefinitely at the apex
, meaning that all the fruit ripens over a two-week period with compact growth, perfect for a container.Seattle Times (Apr 26, 2017)
any substance used to improve the quality of soil
The practice, which does not use chemical
or pesticides, builds soils that are richer in carbon, which in turn boosts crop and livestock yields.Fox News (May 15, 2020)
fertilis became the French
fertile. Something which makes soil more
fertile, adding essential nutrients for plants to grow, is a
cause parts of different plants to grow together
the property of being physically strong and healthy
Plants are often rated on a
hardiness scale, showing how tolerant they are to frost and freezing. The USDA has maps showing what temperature zone each region is in, which is based on the average coldest temperature every winter.
the cultivation of plants
"Pests and diseases are among the main challenges we face as climate change affects our gardens and
more widely," he said.BBC (Mar 11, 2020)
Horticultura is Latin for "the cultivation of a garden."
Hortus means "garden" and
cultura, "culture," refers to tilling the soil to grow plants, as in
the act of supplying dry land with water by artificial means
a rich soil consisting of sand, clay and organic materials
An Old English word,
Loam refers to soil that's a mixture of clay, sand, and decomposed organic matter (see
compost above) that's ideal for growing crops.
small pieces of organic material spread on soil
But if you’re lazy or don’t trust yourself to build good
or do a proper compost, National Cocoa Shell’s
should suit your needs.Slate (Apr 28, 2020)
If you've ever seen a ring of shredded bark or wood chips around a recently planted tree, that's
mulch. It helps the soil retain moisture and suppresses weeds.
having properties characteristic of living beings
Mr. Litvin works for 80 Acres Farms, a company that grows
produce including cucumbers, leafy greens and herbs at giant indoor farms where controlled environments allow for year-round harvesting.New York Times (May 17, 2020)
Organic farming refers to agriculture that doesn't use any synthetic pesticides or herbicides.
lasting an indefinitely long time
The opposite of
perennial plants come back year after year.
multiply through reproduction
cultivate, tend, and cut back the growth of
So workers took to the fields sooner than usual to begin tending the vines and
while wearing masks and maintaining social-distancing rules.Los Angeles Times (May 8, 2020)
From the same Anglo-Norman root as
prune originally meant that: the action of a bird grooming itself. Now it refers to cutting and trimming the branches of a tree to help it maintain a particular shape or to encourage new growth.
place seeds in or on the ground for future growth
a low-lying area, especially a marshy area between ridges
Swales are long, low areas, like rounded ditches, dug to collect rainwater and prevent erosion. The opposite of a
swale is a
berm, a long low mound of earth.
work land as by ploughing to make it ready for cultivation
Driving through freshly
fields in rural Indiana a few years back, I was struck by how low points retained rich, black earth, yet on the hilltops, the khaki subsoil was completely exposed.Nature (Apr 13, 2020)