Latin Love, Vol II: fluere

Some familiar words flow from this root meaning "to flow," such as "influence," which may be looked at as a flow of power from one person to the other. Another word for "liquid," as you may know, is "fluid."

More Latin Love, Volume II lists:
cadere, iacere, onym, and vertere!
ELA Common Core State Standard: "Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word."

Activities for this list:

definitions & notes only words
  1. fluent
    expressing yourself readily, clearly, effectively
    Ms. Qiu is fluent in Chinese, including the written language.
    When you learn another language, the goal is to become fluent: to have the words flow naturally, without your having to translate them into your first language. The noun form of "fluent" is "fluency."
  2. affluent
    having an abundant supply of money or possessions of value
    Foreign travel is becoming ever more popular among China's increasingly affluent citizens.
    To be "affluent" is to have enough money that it just flows in and out of your accounts The idea that money flows is also seen in the word "currency." Doesn't that word bring to mind a current of flowing water?
  3. flux
    move or progress freely as if in a stream
    But human bodies are in a flux of rebuilding and repairing.Scientific American (Dec 5, 2012)
    When something is in flux, it is in a state of change. In the example sentence, the human body is described as being in a constantly changing state of rebuilding and repairing itself.
  4. fluctuate
    be unstable
    And fluctuating sea levels will alter global climate patterns.Slate (Feb 7, 2013)
    When we say that something fluctuates, we mean that it changes easily and constantly. We often hear this term in a business context, with the stock market fluctuating every day.
  5. influenza
    an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
    The latest threat emerged in China, where a previously unknown influenza virus infected dozens and killed at least 17 people recently.
    The word "influenza" is commonly known as "the flu." You know that the flu is contagious, with germs flowing easily from one person to another.
  6. confluence
    a place where things merge or flow together
    Mr. Gates went further, taking a confluence of lucky circumstances and creating a huge return on his luck.New York Times (Oct 29, 2011)
  7. mellifluous
    pleasing to the ear
    Both girls had mellifluous voices and piano training.New York Times (Aug 22, 2012)
    The root "melli-" means "honey." So, a mellifluous voice is a voice that flows richly and sweetly, like honey.
  8. superfluous
    more than is needed, desired, or required
    She brings out dancers, but really they're superfluous – nobody is looking at them.
    The word "superfluous" is similar to "overflow" in that the prefix "super-" means "over and above," or "more than is necessary." When something is superfluous, it is not needed, like an overflow.
  9. effluvium
    a foul-smelling outflow or vapor
    However, acting on my best judgment, I struck a downward course, and then suddenly a horrible effluvium was wafted to my nostrils.Mitford, Bertram
    Although you can find sentences using "effluvium" to refer to the flow of pleasing vapors, it is usually used in a negative context, referring to the offensive odors of rotting organic materials, such as sewage and garbage. Yucch!
  10. influential
    having or exercising power
    Workers are often corrupt, and influential families rarely pay bills.
    The word "influential," the adjectival form of "influence," refers to people with the power to get things to flow their way.

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