"Pride and Prejudice," Vocabulary from Chapters 1-8

Jane Austen's classic dissection of early 19th century manners, "Pride and Prejudice," introduces us to Elizabeth Bennett, a heroine even modern readers will sympathize with and root for (etext found here).

Learn these word lists for the novel: Chapters 1-8, Chapters 9-17, Chapters 18-26, Chapters 27-37, Chapters 38-49, Chapters 50-61

Activities for this list:

definitions & notes only words
  1. scrupulous
    having ethical or moral principles
    "You are over- scrupulous surely.
  2. caprice
    a sudden desire
    Mr. Bennet was so odd a mixture of quick parts, sarcastic humour, reserve, and caprice, that the experience of three-and-twenty years had been insufficient to make his wife understand his character.
  3. solace
    the comfort felt when consoled in times of disappointment
    The business of her life was to get her daughters married; its solace was visiting and news.
  4. deign
    do something that one considers to be below one's dignity
    Mrs. Bennet deigned not to make any reply, but, unable to contain herself, began scolding one of her daughters.
  5. barefaced
    unrestrained by convention or propriety
    They attacked him in various ways--with barefaced questions, ingenious suppositions, and distant surmises;
  6. elude
    escape, either physically or mentally
    but he eluded the skill of them all, and they were at last obliged to accept the second-hand intelligence of their neighbour, Lady Lucas.
  7. ascertain
    learn or discover with confidence
    The ladies were somewhat more fortunate, for they had the advantage of ascertaining from an upper window that he wore a blue coat, and rode a black horse.
  8. mien
    a person's appearance, manner, or demeanor
    His brother-in-law, Mr. Hurst, merely looked the gentleman; but his friend Mr. Darcy soon drew the attention of the room by his fine, tall person, handsome features, noble mien, and the report, which was in general circulation within five minutes after his entrance, of his having ten thousand a year.
  9. cordial
    politely warm and friendly
    Mr. Darcy walked off; and Elizabeth remained with no very cordial feelings towards him.
  10. gratify
    make happy or satisfied
    Jane was as much gratified by this as her mother could be, though in a quieter way.
  11. vexed
    troubled persistently especially with petty annoyances
    I was so vexed to see him stand up with her! but, however, he did not admire her at all: indeed, nobody can, you know; and he seemed quite struck with Jane as she was going down the dance.
  12. censure
    rebuke formally
    "I would wish not to be hasty in censuring any one; but I always speak what I think."
  13. affectation
    a deliberate pretense or exaggerated display
    Affectation of candour is common enough;--one meets it everywhere.
  14. supercilious
    having or showing arrogant superiority to
    For, though elated by his rank, it did not render him supercilious; on the contrary, he was all attention to everybody.
  15. mortified
    made to feel uncomfortable because of shame or wounded pride
    "That is very true," replied Elizabeth, "and I could easily forgive his pride, if he had not mortified mine."
  16. pique
    cause to feel resentment or indignation
    "Pride," observed Mary, who piqued herself upon the solidity of her reflections, "is a very common failing, I believe.
  17. felicity
    state of well-being characterized by contentment
    If the dispositions of the parties are ever so well known to each other, or ever so similar before-hand, it does not advance their felicity in the least.
  18. impertinent
    improperly forward or bold
    He has a very satirical eye, and if I do not begin by being impertinent myself, I shall soon grow afraid of him."
  19. pedantic
    marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning
    Mary had neither genius nor taste; and though vanity had given her application, it had given her likewise a pedantic air and conceited manner, which would have injured a higher degree of excellence than she had reached.
  20. vogue
    the popular taste at a given time
    "Certainly, sir; and it has the advantage also of being in vogue amongst the less polished societies of the world.
  21. propriety
    correct behavior
    Mr. Darcy, with grave propriety, requested to be allowed the honour of her hand, but in vain.
  22. impute
    attribute to a cause or source
    "My dearest Lizzy,--I find myself very unwell this morning, which, I suppose, is to be imputed to my getting wet through yesterday.
  23. trifling
    not worth considering
    People do not die of little trifling colds.
  24. indolent
    disinclined to work or exertion
    Miss Bingley was engrossed by Mr. Darcy, her sister scarcely less so; and as for Mr. Hurst, by whom Elizabeth sat, he was an indolent man, who lived only to eat, drink, and play at cards; who, when he found her prefer a plain dish to a ragout, had nothing to say to her.
  25. paltry
    not worth considering
    But, in my opinion, it is a paltry device, a very mean art."

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