someone injured or killed in a military engagement
There were reports of frightful American
—some newspaper said that two thousand American soldiers were being killed and wounded every day.The Chosen
casualty refers to those who have fallen to their deaths, usually as a result of an accident, disaster, or war.
shedding foliage at the end of the growing season
Deciduous trees are what makes fall so beautiful in places that enjoy a true changing of the seasons. Deciduous trees are called so because their leaves fall, as opposed to evergreens.
disease that involves the clouding of the lens of the eye
He must’ve been at least fifteen feet tall, but the most startling thing was his enormous milky eye, scarred and webbed with
.The Sea of Monsters
Cataract has two distinct meanings. One refers to a waterfall and the other to a disease where the the lens of an eye is clouded. This second meaning comes from the Anglo-French word
port coliz (portcullis) meaning a "sliding door" and applies to the clouded part of the eye which blocks or obstructs sight.
a complete list of things, usually arranged systematically
The new study, published this week in Science, adds nearly two million earthquakes to the
of total seismic events in Southern California over the past decade.Scientific American (Apr 18, 2019)
Catalogue is a Latinized form of the Greek word
katalogos meaning "list, register." It is made up of the roots
kata, "down, entirely" and
legein, "to say" and "to reckon up."
a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations
It includes a broad range of
, including age, ancestry, religion, criminal record, disability, family makeup and gender identity.Washington Times (Aug 28, 2019)
Category is a Latinized form of the Greek word
katergoria, "accusation, predicament," deriving from the roots
kata, "down to" or "against" and
agoreuein, "to rant, to decry." By the 17th century, "accusation" and "predicament" were replaced by a sense of something being "asserted" or "named."
a succession of stages, processes, or units
The incidents were setting off a
of major delays on the already struggling subway system, affecting hundreds of trains and thousands of commuters.New York Times (Aug 4, 2019)
Although the word
cascade literally refers to a series of small, related waterfalls, it is also used metaphorically for any series of events where one thing rapidly falls upon or follows another.
a recurrent rhythmical series
He delivers his punch lines at the end of patiently established premises, and then doubles down on them using a second voice, higher-pitched and quicker in
.New York Times (Aug 9, 2019)
If you think about rhythm, how it is a pattern of rising and falling tones, you'll get the connection between the word
cadence and its meaning. Although the word is often applied to sounds of speech and music, as in the example sentence,
cadence also refers to a marching rhythm.
Coincide derives from the Latin prefix
com, "together" and the verb
incidere, "to fall into."
Incidere itself is a compound of
in-, "upon," and
cadere, "to fall."
the killing of a human being by another human being
A spokeswoman for the city medical examiner said the death had been ruled a
homicide by asphyxiation.
Homo means "man" and
-cida means "one who cuts or kills."
-Cida actually derives from
caedere which still comes from
cadere but refers to the physical act of murdering and severing whereas
cadere has broader meanings and applications.
marked by excessive self-indulgence and moral decay
However, it’s grown
and corrupt over the decades, and under the reign of Lady Sanao Hekate, The Protector, it’s brutally cracked down on its citizens.The Verge (Aug 3, 2019)
de- means "down," and the root
cad means "to fall." Something
decadent refers to both a physical falling as well as a moral falling.
an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
catastrophe consists of the roots:
kata, "down" and
strophe, "a twist." When catastrophe strikes, things seem to twist themselves into a downward spiral.
habitual relapse into crime
If you simply look at the current
rates, about half of criminals will re-offend within a year and as many as 75 percent will re-offend within five years.Fox News (Jul 26, 2019)
Recidivism is a "re-falling" into crime and refers especially to a person recommitting a given crime and returning to prison for a second time. It comes directly from the Latin
re-, "again," and a combining form of
cadere, "to fall."
an engine providing medieval artillery used during sieges
The swirl of plants released her and she was thrown upward like a
projectile.The Son of Neptune
Catapult was an instrument of war in ancient and medieval times. The meaning of the root
kata in this case is "against" or "through" and
pallein means "to hurl." The common figurative usage comes from the sense of launching something as if by a catapult.