tending to persuade by forcefulness of argument
She had been a pretty girl back in the 1830’s when she married Matthew Creighton, but prettiness was short-lived among country women of her time; she didn’t think much about it anymore except now and then when Jenny’s fourteen-year-old radiance was especially
have a long or continuing effect
Even if she had been concerned, there were reverberations of Calvinism strong within her, which would have protested vigorously against the vanity of regret for a passing beauty.
the state of having little or no money and possessions
She had borne twelve children, four of whom were dead—perhaps five, for the oldest son had not been heard from since he left for the goldfields of California twelve years before; she had lived through sickness,
poverty, and danger for over thirty years;
the ultimate agency predetermining the course of events
It was a weakness of her advancing years, she supposed, but this was the son who had been spared that summer when children all around were dying of the agonizing sickness; it looked as if, somehow,
Destiny had marked him.
"Destiny" is capitalized and personified here, which makes it seem like a goddess. While this would not be a proper belief for a woman who says that "the Lord God created the earth and all upon it," it reflects Ellen's need to hold on to a larger than normal hope that her youngest son was spared death so that he could achieve something great.
familiarize psychologically or physically
Ellen was grave and absorbed in the anxious thoughts of that spring; Jethro was
accustomed to adapting himself to the behaviors and moods of older people, and he found enough in the world about him to occupy his interest as he worked.
a courteous or respectful or considerate act
There was a strong tie of affection between the two of them; Ellen counted Shadrach as a part of her family and looked after him as she did her own, and Shadrach Yale, in turn, showed a thoughtful
courtesy for her that few women of the prairies received from their own sons.
an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
He was mature enough at twenty to appreciate being a hero to a nine-year-old boy; besides that, Jethro’s quick mind and delight in learning had been a source of pleasure for studious young Yale, who had known the frustration of trying to penetrate the
apathy and unconcern of a backwoods classroom.
something serving to conceal plans
Matt had made a
pretext of needing supplies from town, but she knew that this trip to Newton in the midst of a late planting season would have been unthinkable except for the urgency of getting word from the world beyond their own fields and woods pastures.
temporary loss of strength and energy from hard work
She and Jethro stood watching as he drove away; when the wagon disappeared in a clump of trees at a bend in the road, Ellen turned back to her work slowly as if overwhelmed by a deep
a feeling of thoughtful sadness
Dread of war was a womanly weakness, he had discovered, evidenced by his mother’s
melancholy and the tears of Jenny and his brother John’s wife, Nancy.
greatly annoyed; out of patience
She had a way of closing her eyes briefly when
exasperated as if to reject for at least a second the existence of a folly that she was bound to recognize later.
an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
For months he had moved along the edge of the
furor that raged among the adults of his family, of the neighborhood, and even of the church.
"Furor" and "fury" come from the same Latin word, furere, which means to rage. This sense of anger is present in the example sentence and in the fights that broke out among people who were following the political news of the time and could not agree about the election of President Lincoln and the possibilities of war.
a characteristic likelihood of or natural disposition
Jethro, forgetting the lecture to his mother on the
inclination of people to select beliefs that bring them most satisfaction, never doubted that if Tom and Eb got their chance to go to war, they’d be back home when it was over, and that it would be shadowy men from distant parts who would die for the pages of future history books.
Mary had been as pretty as Jenny, only blond and more
an attitude of admiration
Matthew Creighton was held in high
esteem by his neighbors, and the senseless killing of his daughter stirred up a rage that was heightened by the fact that the whole Burdow family was commonly despised throughout the countryside as a shiftless lot with a bad background.
get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action
But Matt Creighton had
intervened, and it was a mark of the respect he commanded in the community that the men listened as he stood for an hour in the icy afternoon pleading with them to keep their hands free of further bloodshed.
resistant to physical force or pressure
Jethro had to admit to himself an uncomfortable feeling of anger for both the President and his father; they had not shown the hard,
unyielding attitude that he admired in the talk of Tom and Eb and their friends.
a feeling of thankfulness and appreciation
He smiled at her, and Jenny understood his
diffusing warmth and friendliness
amiable but aloof to the friendly Creightons, except for an occasional gesture of fondness for Jenny and for John’s favorite brother, Bill.
remote in manner
She was amiable but
aloof to the friendly Creightons, except for an occasional gesture of fondness for Jenny and for John’s favorite brother, Bill.
in a serious manner
John defended his wife
earnestly to his mother.
showing a brooding ill humor
Nancy went on with her work, not sullenly, but so withdrawn that Ellen wearily gave up trying to talk with her and directed all her attention to the small boy.
It was a
coveted honor and he accepted it with dignity, looking somewhat like a solemn dwarf as he sat between his father and Bill, his eyes wide beneath the tumble of yellow curls that clung to his forehead and the back of his neck.
violently angry and destructive behavior
In an environment where reading was not regarded highly there was something suspect about a young man who not only cared very little for hunting or wrestling and nothing at all for drinking and
rampaging about the country, but who read every book he could lay his hands upon as if he prized a printed page more than the people around him.
a construct distinguishing objects or individuals
He wasn’t quite held in contempt, for he had great physical strength and was a hard worker, two
attributes admired by the people around him; but he was odd, and there was no doubt of that.
call forth, as an emotion, feeling, or response
“We might ha’ had cake and fixin’s though, if Shad had been eatin’ with us,” Tom said, grinning at his sister, who could hardly hold back the pleased smile that mention of the young schoolmaster
Jethro felt as if he were bursting with the
tumult inside him.
marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions
He had sympathized with Tom and Eb, and he had been angered at his father’s command for silence when they grew loud and
vehement in their demands for war.
quivering as from weakness or fear
Her voice was no longer
tremulous; it carried the authoritative note sharpened by long years of mothering a large family.
Compare the example sentence to an earlier description: "Then Ellen’s voice was heard, timid and a little tremulous; farm women didn’t enter often into man-talk of politics or national affairs." When Ellen was expressing her thoughts on slavery, her voice was tremulous from fear of being wrong and out of place, but when she was telling her sons to stop arguing about war and be respectful during dinner, her voice had the strength of her rights as a mother.
in a rebellious manner
defiantly from his uncle to Wilse Graham, but nobody responded to him.