"Across Five Aprils," Vocabulary from Chapters 1-2 30 words

"Across Five Aprils" is Irene Hunt's novel about one family being torn apart by The Civil War. As the brothers in the family take opposing sides in the conflict, they wonder if they will ever be able to be a family again.

Learn this word list that focuses on the Creighton family. Here are links to all our lists for the novel: Chapters 1-2, Chapters 3-4, Chapters 5-6, Chapters 7-9, Chapters 10-12
  1. compelling
    tending to persuade by forcefulness of argument
    She had been a pretty girl back in the 1830’s when she married Matthew Creighton, but prettiness was short-lived among country women of her time; she didn’t think much about it anymore except now and then when Jenny’s fourteen-year-old radiance was especially compelling.
  2. reverberate
    have a long or continuing effect
    Even if she had been concerned, there were reverberations of Calvinism strong within her, which would have protested vigorously against the vanity of regret for a passing beauty.
  3. poverty
    the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions
    She had borne twelve children, four of whom were dead—perhaps five, for the oldest son had not been heard from since he left for the goldfields of California twelve years before; she had lived through sickness, poverty, and danger for over thirty years;
  4. destiny
    the ultimate agency regarded as predetermining the course of events (often personified as a woman)
    "Destiny" is capitalized and personified here, which makes it seem like a goddess. While this would not be a proper belief for a woman who says that "the Lord God created the earth and all upon it," it reflects Ellen's need to hold on to a larger than normal hope that her youngest son was spared death so that he could achieve something great.
    It was a weakness of her advancing years, she supposed, but this was the son who had been spared that summer when children all around were dying of the agonizing sickness; it looked as if, somehow, Destiny had marked him.
  5. accustom
    make psychologically or physically used (to something)
    Ellen was grave and absorbed in the anxious thoughts of that spring; Jethro was accustomed to adapting himself to the behaviors and moods of older people, and he found enough in the world about him to occupy his interest as he worked.
  6. courtesy
    a courteous or respectful or considerate act
    There was a strong tie of affection between the two of them; Ellen counted Shadrach as a part of her family and looked after him as she did her own, and Shadrach Yale, in turn, showed a thoughtful courtesy for her that few women of the prairies received from their own sons.
  7. apathy
    an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
    He was mature enough at twenty to appreciate being a hero to a nine-year-old boy; besides that, Jethro’s quick mind and delight in learning had been a source of pleasure for studious young Yale, who had known the frustration of trying to penetrate the apathy and unconcern of a backwoods classroom.
  8. pretext
    something serving to conceal plans; a fictitious reason that is concocted in order to conceal the real reason
    Matt had made a pretext of needing supplies from town, but she knew that this trip to Newton in the midst of a late planting season would have been unthinkable except for the urgency of getting word from the world beyond their own fields and woods pastures.
  9. weariness
    temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work
    She and Jethro stood watching as he drove away; when the wagon disappeared in a clump of trees at a bend in the road, Ellen turned back to her work slowly as if overwhelmed by a deep weariness.
  10. melancholy
    a feeling of thoughtful sadness
    Dread of war was a womanly weakness, he had discovered, evidenced by his mother’s melancholy and the tears of Jenny and his brother John’s wife, Nancy.
  11. exasperated
    greatly annoyed; out of patience
    She had a way of closing her eyes briefly when exasperated as if to reject for at least a second the existence of a folly that she was bound to recognize later.
  12. furor
    an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
    "Furor" and "fury" come from the same Latin word, furere, which means to rage. This sense of anger is present in the example sentence and in the fights that broke out among people who were following the political news of the time and could not agree about the election of President Lincoln and the possibilities of war.
    For months he had moved along the edge of the furor that raged among the adults of his family, of the neighborhood, and even of the church.
  13. inclination
    a characteristic likelihood of or natural disposition toward a certain condition or character or effect
    Jethro, forgetting the lecture to his mother on the inclination of people to select beliefs that bring them most satisfaction, never doubted that if Tom and Eb got their chance to go to war, they’d be back home when it was over, and that it would be shadowy men from distant parts who would die for the pages of future history books.
  14. delicate
    easily hurt
    Mary had been as pretty as Jenny, only blond and more delicate.
  15. esteem
    an attitude of admiration or esteem
    Matthew Creighton was held in high esteem by his neighbors, and the senseless killing of his daughter stirred up a rage that was heightened by the fact that the whole Burdow family was commonly despised throughout the countryside as a shiftless lot with a bad background.
  16. intervene
    get involved, so as to alter or hinder an action, or through force or threat of force
    But Matt Creighton had intervened, and it was a mark of the respect he commanded in the community that the men listened as he stood for an hour in the icy afternoon pleading with them to keep their hands free of further bloodshed.
  17. unyielding
    resistant to physical force or pressure
    Jethro had to admit to himself an uncomfortable feeling of anger for both the President and his father; they had not shown the hard, unyielding attitude that he admired in the talk of Tom and Eb and their friends.
  18. gratitude
    a feeling of thankfulness and appreciation
    He smiled at her, and Jenny understood his gratitude.
  19. amiable
    diffusing warmth and friendliness
    She was amiable but aloof to the friendly Creightons, except for an occasional gesture of fondness for Jenny and for John’s favorite brother, Bill.
  20. aloof
    remote in manner
    She was amiable but aloof to the friendly Creightons, except for an occasional gesture of fondness for Jenny and for John’s favorite brother, Bill.
  21. earnestly
    in a serious manner
    John defended his wife earnestly to his mother.
  22. sullen
    showing a brooding ill humor
    Nancy went on with her work, not sullenly, but so withdrawn that Ellen wearily gave up trying to talk with her and directed all her attention to the small boy.
  23. coveted
    greatly desired
    It was a coveted honor and he accepted it with dignity, looking somewhat like a solemn dwarf as he sat between his father and Bill, his eyes wide beneath the tumble of yellow curls that clung to his forehead and the back of his neck.
  24. rampage
    violently angry and destructive behavior
    In an environment where reading was not regarded highly there was something suspect about a young man who not only cared very little for hunting or wrestling and nothing at all for drinking and rampaging about the country, but who read every book he could lay his hands upon as if he prized a printed page more than the people around him.
  25. attribute
    a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished
    He wasn’t quite held in contempt, for he had great physical strength and was a hard worker, two attributes admired by the people around him; but he was odd, and there was no doubt of that.
  26. elicit
    call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)
    “We might ha’ had cake and fixin’s though, if Shad had been eatin’ with us,” Tom said, grinning at his sister, who could hardly hold back the pleased smile that mention of the young schoolmaster elicited.
  27. tumult
    violent agitation
    Jethro felt as if he were bursting with the tumult inside him.
  28. vehement
    marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions; inclined to react violently; fervid
    He had sympathized with Tom and Eb, and he had been angered at his father’s command for silence when they grew loud and vehement in their demands for war.
  29. tremulous
    (of the voice) quivering as from weakness or fear
    Compare the example sentence to an earlier description: "Then Ellen’s voice was heard, timid and a little tremulous; farm women didn’t enter often into man-talk of politics or national affairs." When Ellen was expressing her thoughts on slavery, her voice was tremulous from fear of being wrong and out of place, but when she was telling her sons to stop arguing about war and be respectful during dinner, her voice had the strength of her rights as a mother.
    Her voice was no longer tremulous; it carried the authoritative note sharpened by long years of mothering a large family.
  30. defiantly
    in a rebellious manner
    He glanced defiantly from his uncle to Wilse Graham, but nobody responded to him.