a strong wind moving 45-90 knots
We had a very prosperous
gale till we arrived at the Cape of Good Hope, where we landed for fresh water, but discovering a leak we unshipped our goods and wintered there; for the Captain falling sick of an ague, we could not leave the Cape till the end of March.
any wind that changes direction with the seasons
But he, being a man well experienced in the navigation of those seas, bid us all prepare against a storm, which accordingly happened the day following: for a southern wind, called the southern
monsoon, began to set in.
consistent with or based on or using reason
The farmer by this time was convinced I must be a
not clearly understood or expressed
I answered as loud as I could, in several languages, and he often laid his ear within two yards of me, but all in vain, for we were wholly
unintelligible to each other.
anger produced by some annoying irritation
I was that day shown to twelve sets of company, and as often forced to go over again with the same fopperies, till I was half dead with weariness and
a small stream
We passed over five or six rivers many degrees broader and deeper than the Nile or the Ganges; and there was hardly a
rivulet so small as the Thames at London Bridge.
His Majesty, a prince of much gravity, and
austere countenance, not well observing my shape at first view, asked the Queen after a cold manner, how long it was since she grew fond of a splacknuck; for such it seems he took me to be, as I lay upon my breast in her Majesty's right hand.
something causing misery or death
And thus he continued on, while my color came and went several times with indignation to hear our noble country, the mistress of arts and arms, the
scourge of France, the arbitress of Europe, the seat of virtue, piety, honor and truth, the pride and envy of the world, contemptuously treated.
burn with a hot liquid or steam
But, as princes seldom get their meat hot, my legs were not
scalded, only my stockings and breeches in a sad condition.
a little bit at a time
Some of them seized my cake, and carried it
piecemeal away, others flew about my head and face, confounding me with the noise, and putting me in the utmost terror of their stings.
showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others
The people who had often heard of me, were very curious to crowd about the sedan, and the girl was
complaisant enough to make the bearers stop, and to take me in her hand that I might be more conveniently seen.
an enclosure that is set back or indented
For the walls are near a hundred feet thick, built of hewn stone, whereof each is about forty feet square, and adorned on all sides with statues of gods and emperors cut in marble larger than the life, placed in their several
widely known and esteemed
I then spoke at large upon the constitution of an English Parliament, partly made up of an
illustrious body called the House of Peers, persons of the noblest blood, and of the most ancient and ample patrimonies.
Glumdalclitch was prevailed on to be of the company, very much against her inclination, for she was naturally tender-hearted; and as for myself, although I
abhorred such kind of spectacles, yet my curiosity tempted me to see something that I thought must be extraordinary.
someone who has been legally convicted of a crime
malefactor was fixed in a chair upon a scaffold erected for the purpose, and his head cut off at a blow with a sword of about forty foot long.
persons who make or amend or repeal laws
I described that extraordinary care always taken of their education in arts and arms, to qualify them for being counselors born to the king and kingdom, to have a share in the
legislature, to be members of the highest Court of Judicature, from whence there could be no appeal, and to be champions always ready for the defense of their prince and country, by their valor, conduct, and fidelity.
The sample sentence for this word and for "sanctity," "cull", and "sage" are good examples of Jonathan Swift's explanations of his country's government. He describes them as if defending them but allowing shortcomings to come through. These shortcomings are what his gigantic hosts will criticize afterward.
the quality of being holy
These were searched and sought out through the whole nation, by the prince and his wisest counselors, among such of the priesthood as were most deservedly distinguished by the
sanctity of their lives, and the depth of their erudition; who were indeed the spiritual fathers of the clergy and the people.
look for and gather
That the other part of the Parliament consisted of an assembly called the House of Commons, who were all principal gentlemen, freely picked and
culled out by the people themselves, for their great abilities and love of their country, to represent the wisdom of the whole nation.
a mentor in spiritual and philosophical topics
I then descended to the Courts of justice, over which the judges, those venerable
sages and interpreters of the law, presided, for determining the disputed rights and properties of men, as well as for the punishment of vice, and protection of innocence.
a specific form of evildoing
As for yourself (continued the King) who have spent the greatest part of your life in traveling, I am well disposed to hope you may hitherto have escaped many
vices of your country.
a subdivision of a larger religious group
I computed the number of our people, by reckoning how many millions there might be of each religious
sect, or political party among us.
a diversion that occupies one's time and thoughts
I did not omit even our sports and
pastimes, or any other particular which I thought might redound to the honor of my country.
an instance of questioning
When I had put an end to these long discourses, his Majesty in a sixth audience, consulting his notes, proposed many doubts,
queries, and objections, upon every article.
an intense or violent exertion
How it came to pass, that people were so violently bent upon getting into this assembly, which I allowed to be a great trouble and expense, often to the ruin of their families, without any salary or pension: because this appeared such an exalted
strain of virtue and public spirit, that his Majesty seemed to doubt it might possibly not be always sincere...
decide with authority
Upon what I said in relation to our Courts of Justice, his Majesty desired to be satisfied in several points: and this I was the better able to do, having been formerly almost ruined by a long suit in chancery, which was
decreed for me with costs.
About all, he was amazed to hear me talk of a
mercenary standing army in the midst of peace, and among a free people.
pretending to have qualities or beliefs that you do not have
He was perfectly astonished with the historical account I gave him of our affairs during the last century, protesting it was only a heap of conspiracies, rebellions, murders, massacres, revolutions, banishments, the very worst effects that avarice, faction,
hypocrisy, perfidiousness, cruelty, rage, madness, hatred, envy, lust, malice, or ambition could produce.
This is an interesting word in relation to Swift because it was one of those flawed societal traits he tried to expose in his satires.
someone who makes or enacts laws
My little friend Grildrig, you have made a most admirable panegyric upon your country; you have clearly proved that ignorance, idleness, and vice, may be sometimes the only ingredients for qualifying a
legislator; that laws are best explained, interpreted, and applied by those whose interest and abilities lie in perverting, confounding, and eluding them.
Do not confuse with "legislature": This word is the person and the other is the group as a body of government.
But by what I have gathered from your own relation, and the answers I have with much pains wringed and extorted from you, I cannot but conclude the bulk of your natives to be the most
pernicious race of little odious vermin that nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the earth.
gain favor with somebody by deliberate efforts
In hopes to
ingratiate myself farther into his Majesty's favor, I told him of an invention discovered between three and four hundred years ago, to make a certain powder, into a heap of which the smallest spark of fire falling, would kindle the whole in a moment, although it were as big as a mountain, and make it all fly up in the air together, with a noise and agitation greater than thunder.
an event that results in total destruction
He was amazed how so impotent and grovelling an insect as I (these were his expressions) could entertain such inhuman ideas, and in so familiar a manner as to appear wholly unmoved at all the scenes of blood and
desolation, which I had painted as the common effects of those destructive machines, whereof he said some evil genius, enemy to mankind, must have been the first contriver.
that which is perceived to have its own distinct existence
And as to ideas,
entities, abstractions, and transcendentals, I could never drive the least conception into their heads.
elaborately or excessively ornamented
Their style is clear, masculine, and smooth, but not
florid, for they avoid nothing more than multiplying unnecessary words, or using various expressions.
providence by virtue of planning prudently for the future
This writer went through all the usual topics of European showing how diminutive, contemptible, and helpless an animal was man in his own nature; how unable to defend himself from the inclemencies of the air, or the fury of wild beasts; how much he was excelled by one creature in strength, by another in speed, by a third in
foresight, by a fourth in industry.
showing pensive sadness
I ordered him to set me down, and lifting up one of my sashes, cast many a
wistful melancholy look towards the sea.
a long narrow opening
I soon fell asleep, and all I can conjecture is, that while I slept, the page, thinking no danger could happen, went among the rocks to look for birds' eggs, having before observed him from my window searching about, and picking up one or two in the
a large waterfall; violent rush of water over a precipice
My fall was stopped by a terrible squash, that sounded louder to my ears than the
cataract of Niagara; after which I was quite in the dark for another minute, and then my box began to rise so high that I could see light from the tops of my windows.
express grief verbally
And I may say with truth, that in the midst of my own misfortunes I could not forbear
lamenting my poor nurse, the grief she would suffer for my loss, the displeasure of the Queen, and the ruin of her fortune.
ability to make judgments free from dishonesty
And as truth always forces its way into rational minds, so this honest worthy gentleman, who had some tincture of learning, and very good sense, was immediately convinced of my
candor and veracity.
This word is related to the vocabulary word, "candid" (in the list for Part One), but here it means something slightly different.
in a subsequent part of this document or statement
In a little time I and my family and friends came to a right understanding: but my wife protested I should never go to sea any more; although my evil destiny so ordered that she had not power to hinder me, as the reader may know