a person who is not intelligent or interested in culture
Yahoos, a strange sort of animal, described.
This is another word that was coined by Jonathan Swift in Gulliver's Travels.
sink below the surface
On the sixteenth he was parted from us by a storm; I heard since my return that his ship
foundered, and none escaped but one cabin boy.
steal goods; take as spoils
Their design was to turn pirates, and
plunder the Spaniards, which they could not do, till they got more men.
a feeling of intense dislike
Upon the whole, I never beheld in all my travels so disagreeable an animal, nor one against which I naturally conceived so strong an
This word is a synonym of the vocabulary word, "aversion," but though the meaning appears to be the same, the sense of both words is different. Antipathy shares the same root with such words as empathy and sympathy, but the prefix makes it the opposite of these words.
a feeling of intense dislike
So that thinking I had seen enough, full of contempt and
aversion, I got up and pursued the beaten road, hoping it might direct me to the cabin of some Indian.
This word is a synonym of the vocabulary word, "antipathy," but though the meaning appears to be the same, the sense of both words is different. Aversion is related to avert, which means to turn away.
give qualities or abilities to
I was amazed to see such actions and behavior in brute beasts, and concluded with myself, that if the inhabitants of this country were
endued with a proportionable degree of reason, they must needs be the wisest people upon earth.
trouble or confusion resulting from complexity
They were under great
perplexity about my shoes and stockings, which they felt very often, neighing to each other, and using various gestures, not unlike those of a philosopher, when he would attempt to solve some new and difficult phenomenon.
representing the sounds of a language by written symbols
Then the bay tried me with a second word, much harder to be pronounced; but reducing it to the English
orthography, may be spelt thus, Houyhnhnm.
marked by sound judgment
After some further discourse, which I then conjectured might relate to me, the two friends took their leave, with the same compliment of striking each other's hoof; and the gray made me signs that I should walk before him, wherein I thought it
prudent to comply, till I could find a better director.
flattened downward as if pressed from above
My horror and astonishment are not to be described, when I observed in this abominable animal a perfect human figure: the face of it indeed was flat and broad, the nose
depressed, the lips large, and the mouth wide.
convey or express a meaning
He afterwards showed me a wisp of hay, and a fetlock full of oats; but I shook my head, to
signify that neither of these were food for me.
separation by the creation of a boundary that divides
Their mangers were placed circular in the middle of the room, and divided into several
partitions, round which they sat on their haunches upon bosses of straw.
lacking taste or flavor or tang
It was at first a very
insipid diet, though common enough in many parts of Europe, but grew tolerable by time; and having been often reduced to hard fare in my life, this was not the first experiment I had made how easily nature is satisfied.
That upon a quarrel among us, I was set on shore on this coast, where I walked forward without knowing whither, till he delivered me from the persecution of those
I understand you well, said my master, it is now very plain, from all you have spoken, that whatever share of reason the Yahoos pretend to, the Houyhnhnms are your masters; I heartily wish our Yahoos would be so
a feeling of righteous anger
My master, after some expressions of great
indignation, wondered how we dared to venture upon a Houyhnhnm's back, for he was sure that the weakest servant in his house would be able to shake off the strongest Yahoo, or by lying down and rolling on his back squeeze the brute to death.
an indirect way of expressing something
It put me to the pains of many
circumlocutions to give my master a right idea of what I spoke; for their language does not abound in variety of words, because their wants and passions are fewer than among us.
impossible to surmount
Power, government, war, law, punishment, and a thousand other things had no terms wherein that language could express them, which made the difficulty almost
insuperable to give my master any conception of what I meant.
any epidemic disease with a high death rate
It is a very justifiable cause of a war to invade a country after the people have been wasted by famine, destroyed by
pestilence, or embroiled by factions among themselves.
give to understand
The first is to gain over my adversary's lawyer with a double fee, who will then betray his client by
insinuating that he has justice on his side.
a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
These, under the name of
precedents, they produce as authorities, to justify the most iniquitous opinions; and the judges never fail of directing accordingly.
characterized by injustice or wickedness
These, under the name of precedents, they produce as authorities, to justify the most
iniquitous opinions; and the judges never fail of directing accordingly.
a characteristic language of a particular group
It is likewise to be observed, that this society has a peculiar cant and
jargon of their own, that no other mortal can understand, and wherein all their laws are written, which they take special care to multiply...
attentive in an ingratiating or servile manner
But a wise prince would rather choose to employ those who practice the last of these methods; because such zealots prove always the most
obsequious and subservient to the will and passions of their master.
attribute or credit to
My master said he could never discover the reason of this unnatural appetite, or how these stones could be of any use to a Yahoo; but now he believed it might proceed from the same principle of avarice which I had
ascribed to mankind...
an invasion or hostile attack
My master farther assured me, which I also observed myself, that in the fields where the shining stones abound, the fiercest and most frequent battles are fought, occasioned by perpetual
inroads of the neighboring Yahoos.
having rugged physical strength
They are strong and
hardy, but of a cowardly spirit, and by consequence, insolent, abject, and cruel.
of the most contemptible kind
They are strong and hardy, but of a cowardly spirit, and by consequence, insolent,
abject, and cruel.
causing or able to cause nausea
On this festival the servants drive a herd of Yahoos into the field, laden with hay and oats and milk, for a repast to the Houyhnhnms; after which these brutes are immediately driven back again, for fear of being
noisome to the assembly.
In poetry they must be allowed to excel all other mortals; wherein the justness of their similes, and the minuteness, as well as exactness of their descriptions, are indeed
a defamatory or abusive word or phrase
Thus they denote the folly of a servant, an omission of a child, a stone that cuts their feet, a continuance of foul or unseasonable weather, and the like, by adding to each the
epithet of Yahoo.
a horse's manner of moving
By conversing with the Houyhnhnms, and looking upon them with delight, I fell to imitate their
gait and gesture, which is now grown into an habit, and my friends often tell me in a blunt way, that I trot like a horse; which, however, I take for a great compliment.
showing a brooding ill humor
However, I remained silent and
sullen; I was ready to faint at the very smell of him and his men.
incapable of being transgressed or dishonored
But he added that since I professed so
inviolable an attachment to truth, I must give him my word of honor to bear him company in this voyage, without attempting any thing against my life, or else he would continue me a prisoner till we arrived at Lisbon.
the speech act of opposing someone
It would be tedious to repeat his arguments, and my
withdrawn from society; seeking solitude
He said it was altogether impossible to find such a solitary island as I had desired to live in; but I might command in my own house, and pass my time in a manner as
recluse as I pleased.
the state of being disregarded or forgotten
I know likewise that writers of travels, like dictionary-makers, are sunk into
oblivion by the weight and bulk of those who come after, and therefore lie uppermost.
noble and generous in spirit
But instead of proposals for conquering that
magnanimous nation, I rather wish they were in a capacity or disposition to send a number of their inhabitants for civilizing Europe, by teaching us the first principles of honor, truth, temperance, public spirit, fortitude, chastity, benevolence, and fidelity.
motivation deriving from ethical or moral principles
To say the truth, I had conceived a few
scruples with relation to the distributive justice of princes upon those occasions.
declare under oath
However, if those whom it more concerns think fit to be of another opinion, I am ready to
depose, when I shall be lawfully called, that no European did ever visit these countries before me.