Charlie wasn’t waiting by the door, and I was shocked by a blast of
air when I walked outside in nothing but shorts and a tank top.We Are the Ants
The Arctic Circle, which contains the North Pole, is the northernmost part of the planet, and (along with the South Pole) is the most consistently cold region, much like tropical areas are the hottest. So if you hear your local meteorologist saying, “Arctic temperatures are on the way,” you’d better wear six layers of clothes, whippersnappers.
a storm with widespread snowfall accompanied by strong winds
If you live in New York, for example, you should prepare for
, hurricanes and extreme heat, but you probably don’t need to spend too much time fretting about earthquakes.New York Times (Sep 29, 2017)
The original meaning of blizzard, in the early 1800s, referred to a sharp blow of some kind, like a powerful punch from a skilled boxer. That violent sense fits with the winter-related meaning. By the mid-1800s, the word applied to snowstorms that combined heavy snow and powerful winds, leaving everyone in the blizzard’s path blind and buried. A much lighter bout of snowfall is called a flurry.
refreshing or invigorating
Fascinated by the medical challenges of overwintering in the Antarctic, where
weather isolates teams from civilisation for up to nine months, she first began appealing to Germany's polar research institute in 1984.BBC (Nov 9, 2017)
This word applies to many situations that are not, as they say, a picnic in the park. A government described as a brutal regime is violent and repressive. In mixed martial arts, a brutal fight leaves one fighter—or both—beaten to a pulp. When it comes to weather, brutalism involves weather extremes. You could describe a 100-degree day as brutal, but it’s more common to describe severe winter weather this way: rapidly falling snow, icy streets, and gusting winds are all brutal.
appreciably or disagreeably cold
Anything colder than forty degrees Fahrenheit can easily be considered chilly, depending on the thickness of your coat or the machoness of your temperament. A related term is wind chill: the temperature it actually feels like when you factor in the chilling effect of the wind. This is another cold word that’s often applied to people and situations. If two friends have had a falling out, you could say their relationship is chilly.
pleasantly cold and invigorating
This word usually applies to foods that are thin and dry and crack easily: think of the sharp crunch when you break or bite into a cracker. But we sometimes describe bitterly cold days as crisp too: especially a day with a high wind chill. On days with 30 or 40 mile per hour winds, just walking to the corner can feel like you’re getting stabbed with icicles repeatedly, and no coat or suit of armor can keep you warm. Crisp weather is also called brisk.
damage to bodily tissue caused by extreme cold
Glacial has a few meanings related to glaciers, which are humongous masses of ice and snow much larger than icebergs. Anything that moves slowly is going at a glacial pace. An older person using a walker is probably moving glacially, though it would be rude to say so. Legal and legislative processes tend to move at a glacial pace too. The other meaning comes from the temperature of glaciers: glacial temperatures are extremely cold.
sleep during winter
Others say: “Hello, I like to
from November to March. Yes, I am in my pyjamas at 1pm on a Wednesday, what’s your point?”The Guardian (Dec 5, 2016)
subnormal body temperature
One of three fishermen in the boat swam to shore and was taken to Red Lake Indian Health Service hospital to be treated for
.Seattle Times (Nov 7, 2017)
ice resembling a pendent spear formed by dripping water
By now, Taisin recognized parts of the fortress—the long, sloping corridor; the cavernous ceiling hung with
sharp as swords; the endless ranks of golden cages.Huntress
the property of being moderately cold
in the air doesn’t dissuade some of us from enjoying the exterior, warmed by tall heat lamps and romanticized with mesmerizing fire pits.Washington Post (Oct 30, 2017)
shake, as from cold
sudden violent winds, often accompanied by precipitation
This word sounds like the kind of sudden squawk an alarmed bird might make, but there’s no feathers to be found: a squall is really a powerful blast of wind. In the winter, squalls—which are similar to gusts, but gustier—can turn a cold day into a frigid, polar, glacial day. Squalls can even turn a snowstorm into a blizzard. The origin of this term isn’t known for sure, but an older sense involved a piercing scream.
a powerful circular current of water
During the January 2014 polar
, coal piles froze outside generation facilities, while frozen pipes, valves and other equipment contributed to power failures.Washington Post (Dec 8, 2017)