Mahatma Gandhi's "Quit India" Speech

Born on October 2, 1869, Mahatma Gandhi was an activist and leader who changed the course of history by helping to lead India to independence. These words are from the speech Gandhi's delivered on August 8, 1942 urging a non-violent fight against British colonial rule. The "Quit India" speech is one of Gandhi's most famous public addresses.
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definitions & notes only words
  1. bondage
    the state of being under the control of another person
    Let me tell you that I do not regard England or for that matter America as free countries. They are free after their own fashion, free to hold in bondage coloured races of the earth. Are England and America fighting for the liberty of these races today? If not, do not ask me to wait until after the war.
  2. conscience
    motivation deriving from ethical or moral principles
    ...I want to declare to the world, although I may have forfeited the regard of many friends in the West and I must bow my head low; but even for their friendship or love, I must not suppress the voice of conscience....
  3. deliverance
    recovery or preservation from loss or danger
    How is this vast mass of humanity to be aglow in the cause of world deliverance, unless and until it has touched and felt freedom.
  4. exercise
    a task performed to develop skill or understanding
    If you can exercise it, under the glow of freedom what seems impossible, today, will become possible tomorrow.
  5. exertion
    use of physical or mental energy; hard work
    I have been called their leader or, in the military language, their commander. But I do not look at my position in that light. I have no weapon but love to wield my authority over any one. I do sport a stick which you can break into bits without the slightest exertion.
  6. fascism
    a political theory advocating an authoritarian government
    There is a fundamental difference between fascism and this imperialism which I am fighting.
  7. forfeit
    lose the right to or lose by some error, offense, or crime
    I know that in the course of the last few weeks I have forfeited my credit with a large number of friends, so much so, that they have begun to doubt not only my wisdom but even my honesty.
  8. forsake
    leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch
    Even if all the United Nations opposed me, even if the whole of India forsakes me, I will say, “You are wrong."
  9. fulfillment
    the act of consummating something, as a desire or promise
    They will be dealing a mortal blow to China and to Russia if they oppose the freedom of non-violent India which is pleading with bended knees for the fulfillment of debt along overdue.
  10. fundamental
    serving as an essential component
    It is a fundamental truth which India has been experimenting with for 22 years.
  11. hypocrisy
    pretending to have qualities or beliefs that you do not have
    Such occasions arise in the life of the man who is a pure seeker after truth and who would seek to serve the humanity and his country to the best of his lights without fear or hypocrisy.
  12. impel
    urge or force to an action; constrain or motivate
    There is something within me impelling me to cry out my agony.
  13. imperialism
    a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
    There is a fundamental difference between fascism and this imperialism which I am fighting.
  14. inception
    an event that is a beginning
    From its very inception the Congress based its policy on peaceful methods, included Swaraj, and the subsequent generations added non-violence.
  15. innate
    inborn or existing naturally
    I trust because of my nature to rely upon the innate goodness of human nature which perceives the truth and prevails during the crisis as if by instinct. But even if I am deceived in this I shall not swerve....
  16. inopportune
    not suitable for a purpose
    There is a chorus of disapproval and righteous protest all over the world against us. They say we are erring, the move is inopportune.
  17. prevail
    prove superior
    I trust because of my nature to rely upon the innate goodness of human nature which perceives the truth and prevails during the crisis as if by instinct. But even if I am deceived in this I shall not swerve. I shall not flinch.
  18. reside
    be inherent or innate in
    That voice within tells me, “You have to stand against the whole world although you may have to stand alone. You have to stare in the face the whole world although the world may look at you with bloodshot eyes. Do not fear. Trust the little voice residing within your heart.”
  19. subsequent
    following in time or order
    From its very inception the Congress based its policy on peaceful methods, included Swaraj, and the subsequent generations added non-violence.
  20. suppress
    control and refrain from showing
    With all this background, I want to declare to the world, although I may have forfeited the regard of many friends in the West and I must bow my head low; but even for their friendship or love, I must not suppress the voice of conscience....

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