Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address

Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address was delivered on March 4 1865. Here are sixteen vocabulary words from the speech, which can be read in its entirety here.
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definitions & notes only words
  1. unrequited
    not returned in kind
    Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondsman's two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said "the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether."
  2. expiration
    a coming to an end of a contract period
    Now, at the expiration of four years, during which public declarations have been constantly called forth on every point and phase of the great contest which still absorbs the attention and engrosses the energies of the nation, little that is new could be presented.
  3. insurgent
    in opposition to a civil authority or government
    While the inaugural address was being delivered from this place, devoted altogether to saving the Union without war, insurgent agents were in the city seeking to destroy it without war—seeking to dissolve the Union and divide effects by negotiation.
  4. fervently
    with strong emotion or zeal
    Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away.
  5. astounding
    bewildering or striking dumb with wonder
    Each looked for an easier triumph, and a result less fundamental and astounding.
  6. rend
    tear or be torn violently
    To strengthen, perpetuate, and extend this interest was the object for which the insurgents would rend the Union even by war, while the Government claimed no right to do more than to restrict the territorial enlargement of it.
  7. deprecate
    express strong disapproval of; deplore
    Both parties deprecated war, but one of them would make war rather than let the nation survive, and the other would accept war rather than let it perish, and the war came.
  8. perpetuate
    cause to continue or prevail
    To strengthen, perpetuate, and extend this interest was the object for which the insurgents would rend the Union even by war, while the Government claimed no right to do more than to restrict the territorial enlargement of it.
  9. providence
    a manifestation of God's foresightful care for his creatures
    If we shall suppose that American slavery is one of those offenses which, in the providence of God, must needs come, but which, having continued through His appointed time, He now wills to remove, and that He gives to both North and South this terrible war as the woe due to those by whom the offense came, shall we discern therein any departure from those divine attributes which the believers in a living God always ascribe to Him?
  10. engross
    devote fully to
    Now, at the expiration of four years, during which public declarations have been constantly called forth on every point and phase of the great contest which still absorbs the attention and engrosses the energies of the nation, little that is new could be presented.
  11. impending
    close in time; about to occur
    On the occasion corresponding to this four years ago all thoughts were anxiously directed to an impending civil war.
  12. scourge
    something causing misery or death
    Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away.
  13. territorial
    of or relating to a geographical area
    To strengthen, perpetuate, and extend this interest was the object for which the insurgents would rend the Union even by war, while the Government claimed no right to do more than to restrict the territorial enlargement of it.
  14. magnitude
    the property of relative size or extent
    Neither party expected for the war the magnitude or the duration which it has already attained.
  15. woe
    misery resulting from affliction
    " Woe unto the world because of offenses; for it must needs be that offenses come, but woe to that man by whom the offense cometh."
  16. invoke
    request earnestly; ask for aid or protection
    Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes His aid against the other.

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