high office or rank or station
Two households, both alike in
position in a social hierarchy
A king or queen would be ranked at the top of a social hierarchy.
the place where some action occurs
In fair Verona, where we lay our
ancient grudge break to new mutiny,
engage in an open rebellion against an authority
From ancient grudge break to new
A person who rebels and takes part in mutiny, is said to be mutinous.
of or occurring between or among citizens of the state
civil blood makes
civil hands unclean.
From forth the
fatal loins of these two foes
the region of the hips and groin and lower abdomen
From forth the fatal
loins of these two foes
a personal enemy
From forth the fatal loins of these two
an introduction to a play
In Romeo and Juliet, the prologue summarizes the story; it even includes details about the ending.
deserving or inciting a feeling of sympathy and sorrow
lack of agreement or harmony
Do with their death bury their parents'
the act of moving from one state or place to the next
passage of their death-mark'd love,
a feeling of intense anger
And the continuance of their parents'
vehicles or pedestrians traveling in a particular locality
Is now the two hours'
traffic of our stage;
give heed to
The which if you with patient ears
pay close attention to
"To attend" to something or "to pay heed" to something are both verbs meaning to pay attention.
What here shall miss, our
toil shall strive to mend.
In the prologue of Romeo and Juliet, the chorus (person speaking) explains that the playgoers should "toil", meaning "work hard" at paying attention to the play so as to understand the full story which is only summarized in the prologue.
exert much effort or energy
What here shall miss, our toil shall
strive to mend.
To understand the meaning of the example sentence better, replace "shall" with "we will".