Steve baked a surfeit of jam tarts. Steve ate a surfeit of jam tarts. Steve surfeited himself on jam tarts. Whether surfeit is a noun or a verb (as in "overabundance" or "gorge"), Steve is likely to end up with a bellyache.

Overabundance, glut, gorge, and cloy: these are all synonyms for surfeit, and they all convey a sense of too-much-ness, as does the Old French root of the word — surfaire, "to overdo." When it is used in reference to food or eating, surfeit tends to suggest indulging to the point of sickness or disgust. In other contexts, though, the meaning is not necessarily negative: "A surfeit of kindness," for example, would hardly be a bad thing.

Definitions of surfeit

v indulge (one's appetite) to satiety

Type of:
indulge, luxuriate
enjoy to excess

v supply or feed to surfeit

Type of:
furnish, provide, render, supply
give something useful or necessary to

n the state of being more than full

excess, overabundance
Type of:
the condition of being filled to capacity

n eating until excessively full

Type of:
eating, feeding
the act of consuming food

n the quality of being so overabundant that prices fall

glut, oversupply
Type of:
overabundance, overmuch, overmuchness, superabundance
a quantity that is more than what is appropriate

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