surfeit

Steve baked a surfeit of jam tarts. Steve ate a surfeit of jam tarts. Steve surfeited himself on jam tarts. Whether surfeit is a noun or a verb (as in "overabundance" or "gorge"), Steve is likely to end up with a bellyache.

Overabundance, glut, gorge, and cloy: these are all synonyms for surfeit, and they all convey a sense of too-much-ness, as does the Old French root of the word — surfaire, "to overdo." When it is used in reference to food or eating, surfeit tends to suggest indulging to the point of sickness or disgust. In other contexts, though, the meaning is not necessarily negative: "A surfeit of kindness," for example, would hardly be a bad thing.

Definitions of surfeit
  1. verb
    indulge (one's appetite) to satiety
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    type of:
    indulge, luxuriate
    enjoy to excess
  2. verb
    supply or feed to surfeit
    synonyms: cloy
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    type of:
    furnish, provide, render, supply
    give something useful or necessary to
  3. noun
    the state of being more than full
    synonyms: excess, overabundance
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    type of:
    fullness
    the condition of being filled to capacity
  4. noun
    eating until excessively full
    synonyms: repletion
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    type of:
    eating, feeding
    the act of consuming food
  5. noun
    the quality of being so overabundant that prices fall
    synonyms: glut, oversupply
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    type of:
    overabundance, overmuch, overmuchness, superabundance
    a quantity that is more than what is appropriate
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