excess

Excess is too much of something, like big-time overindulgence. Eating to excess makes your stomach hurt, and spending to excess means you can't pay your credit card bills.

Excess comes from the Latin word excessus meaning, "go out, going beyond the bounds of reason," like eating and spending in excess. (Not so reasonable.) Although it spends most of its time as a noun, it can also be an adjective to describe "more than is required or needed," like when excess water spills over the top of the bathtub, or those excess pounds spill over the top of your jeans.

Definitions of excess
  1. noun
    the state of being more than full
    synonyms: overabundance, surfeit
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    type of:
    fullness
    the condition of being filled to capacity
  2. noun
    a quantity much larger than is needed
    synonyms: nimiety, surplus, surplusage
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    type of:
    overabundance, overmuch, overmuchness, superabundance
    a quantity that is more than what is appropriate
  3. noun
    immoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits
    synonyms: excessiveness, inordinateness
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    types:
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    extravagance, extravagancy
    the quality of exceeding the appropriate limits of decorum or probability or truth
    exorbitance, outrageousness
    excessive excess
    embarrassment, overplus, plethora, superfluity
    extreme excess
    redundance, redundancy
    the attribute of being superfluous and unneeded
    type of:
    immoderateness, immoderation
    the quality of being excessive and lacking in moderation
  4. noun
    excessive indulgence
    synonyms: overindulgence
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    type of:
    humoring, indulgence, indulging, pampering
    the act of indulging or gratifying a desire
  5. adjective
    more than is needed, desired, or required
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