religious belief

Definitions of religious belief
1

n a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny

Synonyms:
faith, religion
Types:
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apophatism
the religious belief that God cannot be known but is completely `other' and must be described in negative terms (in terms of what God is not)
cataphatism
the religious belief that God has given enough clues to be known to humans positively and affirmatively (e.g., God created Adam `in his own image')
analogy, doctrine of analogy
the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate
cult, cultus, religious cult
a system of religious beliefs and rituals
cult
a religion or sect that is generally considered to be unorthodox, extremist, or false
ecclesiasticism
religion appropriate to a church and to ecclesiastical principles and practices
mysticism, religious mysticism
a religion based on mystical communion with an ultimate reality
nature worship
a system of religion that deifies and worships natural forces and phenomena
revealed religion
a religion founded primarily on the revelations of God to humankind
theism
the doctrine or belief in the existence of a God or gods
heathenism, pagan religion, paganism
any of various religions other than Christianity or Judaism or Islamism
Christian religion, Christianity
a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
Hindooism, Hinduism
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and based on a caste system; it is characterized by a belief in reincarnation, by a belief in a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils
Brahmanism, Brahminism
the religious beliefs of ancient India as prescribed in the sacred Vedas and Brahmanas and Upanishads
Jainism
religion founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against Hinduism; emphasizes asceticism and immortality and transmigration of the soul; denies existence of a perfect or supreme being
Sikhism
the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam
Buddhism
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
Hsuan Chiao, Taoism
popular Chinese philosophical system based in teachings of Lao-tzu but characterized by a pantheism of many gods and the practices of alchemy and divination and magic
Shinto, Shintoism
the ancient indigenous religion of Japan lacking formal dogma; characterized by a veneration of nature spirits and of ancestors
Manichaeanism, Manichaeism
a religion founded by Manes in the third century; a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity; spread widely in the Roman Empire but had largely died out by 1000
Mithraicism, Mithraism
ancient Persian religion; popular among Romans during first three centuries a.d.
Mazdaism, Zoroastrianism
system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster; set forth in the Zend-Avesta; based on concept of struggle between light (good) and dark (evil)
Bahaism
a religion founded in Iran in 1863; emphasizes the spiritual unity of all humankind; incorporates Christian and Islamic tenets; many adherents live in the United States
Asian shamanism, shamanism
an animistic religion of northern Asia having the belief that the mediation between the visible and the spirit worlds is effected by shamans
shamanism
any animistic religion similar to Asian shamanism (especially as practiced by certain Native American tribes)
Wicca
the polytheistic nature religion of modern witchcraft whose central deity is a mother goddess; claims origins in pre-Christian pagan religions of western Europe
quietism
a form of religious mysticism requiring withdrawal from all human effort and passive contemplation of God
Sufism
Islamic mysticism
monotheism
belief in a single God
polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
druidism
the system of religion and philosophy taught by the Druids and their rites and ceremonies
pantheism
the doctrine or belief that God is the universe and its phenomena (taken or conceived of as a whole) or the doctrine that regards the universe as a manifestation of God
pantheism
(rare) worship that admits or tolerates all gods
cargo cult
a religious cult that anticipates a time of joy, serenity, and justice when salvation comes
macumba
a Brazilian religious cult of African origin; combines voodoo elements with singing and chanting and dancing
obeah, obi
a religious belief of African origin involving witchcraft and sorcery; practiced in parts of the West Indies and tropical Americas
Rastafarianism
a religious cult based on a belief that Ras Tafari (Haile Selassie) is the Messiah and that Africa (especially Ethiopia) is the Promised Land
Adventism, Second Adventism
any Christian religion that believes the second coming of Christ is imminent
Catholicism, Catholicity
the beliefs and practices of a Catholic Church
Albigensianism, Catharism
a Christian movement considered to be a medieval descendant of Manichaeism in southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries; characterized by dualism (asserted the coexistence of two mutually opposed principles, one good and one evil); was exterminated for heresy during the Inquisition
Donatism
a schismatic Christian religion in northern Africa from the 4th to the 7th century; held that only those who led a blameless life belonged in the church or could administer the sacraments
Protestantism
the theological system of any of the churches of western Christendom that separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation
Puseyism, Tractarianism
principles of the founders of the Oxford movement as expounded in pamphlets called `Tracts for the Times'
Darsana
(from the Sanskrit word for `to see') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on the nature of reality and the release from bondage to karma
Mimamsa
(from the Sanskrit word for `reflection' or `interpretation') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on ritual traditions rooted in the Vedas and the Brahmanas as opposed to Vedanta which relies mostly on the Upanishads
Vedanta
(from the Sanskrit for `end of the Veda') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints rooted in the Upanishads as opposed to Mimamsa which relies on the Vedas and Brahmanas
Krishnaism
worship of Krishna the 8th avatar of Vishnu
Shivaism, Sivaism
worship of Shiva one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon
Saktism, Shaktism
worship of Shakti as the wife of Shiva
Vaishnavism, Vaisnavism, Vishnuism
worship of Vishnu one of the 3 chief gods of the Hindu pantheon
yoga
Hindu discipline aimed at training the consciousness for a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility that is achieved through the three paths of actions and knowledge and devotion
Mahayana, Mahayana Buddhism
one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing a common search for universal salvation especially through faith alone; the dominant religion of China and Tibet and Japan
Theravada, Theravada Buddhism
one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through your own efforts; a conservative form of Buddhism that adheres to Pali scriptures and the non-theistic ideal of self purification to nirvana; the dominant religion of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand and Laos and Cambodia
Lamaism, Tibetan Buddhism
a Buddhist doctrine that includes elements from India that are not Buddhist and elements of preexisting shamanism
Zen, Zen Buddhism
a Buddhist doctrine that enlightenment can be attained through direct intuitive insight
Shingon
a form of Buddhism emphasizing mystical symbolism of mantras and mudras and the Buddha's ideal which is inexpressible
Tantra, Tantrism
doctrine of enlightenment as the realization of the oneness of one's self and the visible world; combines elements of Hinduism and paganism including magical and mystical elements like mantras and mudras and erotic rites; especially influential in Tibet
Parseeism, Parsiism
the faith of a Zoroastrian sect in India
Vedism
the form of Hinduism that revolves primarily around the mythic version and ritual ideologies in the Vedas
hoodooism, vodoun, voodoo, voodooism
a religious cult practiced chiefly in Caribbean countries (especially Haiti); involves witchcraft and animistic deities
Type of:
supernatural virtue, theological virtue
according to Christian ethics: one of the three virtues (faith, hope, and charity) created by God to round out the natural virtues
belief
any cognitive content held as true

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