Buddhism

Definitions of Buddhism
1

n the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth

Types:
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Mahayana, Mahayana Buddhism
one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing a common search for universal salvation especially through faith alone; the dominant religion of China and Tibet and Japan
Theravada, Theravada Buddhism
one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through your own efforts; a conservative form of Buddhism that adheres to Pali scriptures and the non-theistic ideal of self purification to nirvana; the dominant religion of Sri Lanka (Ceylon) and Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand and Laos and Cambodia
Lamaism, Tibetan Buddhism
a Buddhist doctrine that includes elements from India that are not Buddhist and elements of preexisting shamanism
Zen, Zen Buddhism
a Buddhist doctrine that enlightenment can be attained through direct intuitive insight
Shingon
a form of Buddhism emphasizing mystical symbolism of mantras and mudras and the Buddha's ideal which is inexpressible
Tantra, Tantrism
doctrine of enlightenment as the realization of the oneness of one's self and the visible world; combines elements of Hinduism and paganism including magical and mystical elements like mantras and mudras and erotic rites; especially influential in Tibet
Hinayana, Hinayana Buddhism
an offensive name for the early conservative Theravada Buddhism; it died out in India but survived in Sri Lanka and was taken from there to other regions of southwestern Asia
Yogacara
one of the main traditions of Mahayana Buddhism; holds that the mind is real but that objects are just ideas or states of consciousness
Type of:
faith, religion, religious belief
a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny

n a religion represented by the many groups (especially in Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha

Types:
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Zen, Zen Buddhism
school of Mahayana Buddhism asserting that enlightenment can come through meditation and intuition rather than faith; China and Japan
Mahayana
a major school of Buddhism teaching social concern and universal salvation; China; Japan; Tibet; Nepal; Korea; Mongolia
Hinayana
a major school of Buddhism teaching personal salvation through one's own efforts
Tantrism
movement within Buddhism combining elements of Hinduism and paganism
Type of:
faith, organized religion, religion
an institution to express belief in a divine power

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