Christianity

Definitions of Christianity
  1. noun
    a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
    synonyms: Christian religion
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    Adventism, Second Adventism
    any Christian religion that believes the second coming of Christ is imminent
    Catholicism, Catholicity
    the beliefs and practices of a Catholic Church
    Albigensianism, Catharism
    a Christian movement considered to be a medieval descendant of Manichaeism in southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries; characterized by dualism (asserted the coexistence of two mutually opposed principles, one good and one evil); was exterminated for heresy during the Inquisition
    Donatism
    a schismatic Christian religion in northern Africa from the 4th to the 7th century; held that only those who led a blameless life belonged in the church or could administer the sacraments
    Protestantism
    the theological system of any of the churches of western Christendom that separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation
    Puseyism, Tractarianism
    principles of the founders of the Oxford movement as expounded in pamphlets called `Tracts for the Times'
    predestinarianism
    the belief or doctrine of predestinarians
    Seventh-Day Adventism
    Adventism that is strongly Protestant and observes Saturday as the Sabbath
    Roman Catholicism, Romanism, papism
    the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church based in Rome
    Eastern Catholicism
    the beliefs and practices of any of the eastern Catholic Churches based in Constantinople or Antioch or Alexandria or Moscow or Jerusalem
    Anglicanism
    the faith and doctrine and practice of the Anglican Church
    Arminianism
    17th century theology (named after its founder Jacobus Arminius) that opposes the absolute predestinarianism of John Calvin and holds that human free will is compatible with God's sovereignty
    Calvinism
    the theological system of John Calvin and his followers emphasizing omnipotence of God and salvation by grace alone
    Christian Science
    religious system based on teachings of Mary Baker Eddy emphasizing spiritual healing
    Lutheranism
    teachings of Martin Luther emphasizing the cardinal doctrine of justification by faith alone
    Unitarianism
    Christian doctrine that stresses individual freedom of belief and rejects the Trinity
    Trinitarianism
    Christian doctrine stressing belief in the Trinity
    Congregationalism
    system of beliefs and church government of a Protestant denomination in which each member church is self-governing
    Mennonitism
    system of beliefs and practices including belief in scriptural authority; plain dress; adult baptism; foot washing; restriction of marriage to members of the group
    evangelicalism
    stresses the importance of personal conversion and faith as the means of salvation
    fundamentalism
    the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth
    Methodism
    the religious beliefs and practices of Methodists characterized by concern with social welfare and public morals
    Wesleyanism, Wesleyism
    evangelical principles taught by John Wesley
    Anabaptism
    a Protestant movement in the 16th century that believed in the primacy of the Bible, baptised only believers, not infants, and believed in complete separation of church and state
    Baptistic doctrine
    any of various doctrines closely related to Anabaptism
    Mormonism
    the doctrines and practices of the Mormon Church based on the Book of Mormon
    pentecostalism
    the principles and practices of Pentecostal religious groups; characterized by religious excitement and talking in tongues
    Presbyterianism
    the doctrines and practices of the Presbyterian Church: based in Calvinism
    Puritanism
    the beliefs and practices characteristic of Puritans (most of whom were Calvinists who wished to purify the Church of England of its Catholic aspects)
    type of:
    faith, religion, religious belief
    a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
  2. noun
    the collective body of Christians throughout the world and history (found predominantly in Europe and the Americas and Australia)
    synonyms: Christendom
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    type of:
    body
    a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity
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