The adjective primal describes something that's essential or basic, like the primal urge to protect yourself and your family from harm.

The Latin root of primal is primus, which means first. If your friend talks about his primal self, he means the most basic, important part of who he is. You can think of this as a first priority, just as the primal urges of all animals is survival. Primal can also describe something that's original, or at its earliest stage, like a primal or primeval forest, the most ancient example of that kind of terrain.

Definitions of primal
  1. adjective
    having existed from the beginning; in an earliest or original stage or state
    primal eras before the appearance of life on earth”
    synonyms: aboriginal, primaeval, primeval, primordial
    at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time
  2. adjective
    serving as an essential component
    synonyms: cardinal, central, fundamental, key
    important, of import
    of great significance or value
Word Family

Test prep from the experts

Boost your test score with programs developed by’s experts.

  • Proven methods: Learn faster, remember longer with our scientific approach.
  • Personalized plan: We customize your experience to maximize your learning.
  • Strategic studying: Focus on the words that are most crucial for success.


  • Number of words: 500+
  • Duration: 8 weeks or less
  • Time: 1 hour / week


  • Number of words: 500+
  • Duration: 10 weeks or less
  • Time: 1 hour / week