plant substance

Definitions of plant substance
  1. noun
    material derived from plants
    synonyms: plant material
    see moresee less
    types:
    show 106 types...
    hide 106 types...
    cutin
    (biochemistry) a waxy transparent material that occurs in the cuticle of plants and consists of highly polymerized esters of fatty acids
    chaff, husk, shuck, stalk, straw, stubble
    material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds
    cork
    outer bark of the cork oak; used for stoppers for bottles etc.
    plant product
    a product made from plant material
    vegetable tallow
    a waxy fat obtained from certain plants (e.g. bayberry) and used as tallow
    wood
    the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
    bentwood
    wood that is steamed until it becomes pliable and then is shaped for use in making furniture
    coca
    dried leaves of the coca plant (and related plants that also contain cocaine); chewed by Andean people for their stimulating effect
    baccy, tobacco
    leaves of the tobacco plant dried and prepared for smoking or ingestion
    pine
    straight-grained durable and often resinous white to yellowish timber of any of numerous trees of the genus Pinus
    larch
    wood of a larch tree
    fir
    nonresinous wood of a fir tree
    cedar, cedarwood
    durable aromatic wood of any of numerous cedar trees; especially wood of the red cedar often used for cedar chests
    spruce
    light soft moderately strong wood of spruce trees; used especially for timbers and millwork
    hemlock
    soft coarse splintery wood of a hemlock tree especially the western hemlock
    cypress
    wood of any of various cypress trees especially of the genus Cupressus
    redwood
    the soft reddish wood of either of two species of sequoia trees
    citronwood, sandarac
    durable fragrant wood; used in building (as in the roof of the cathedral at Cordova, Spain)
    kauri
    white close-grained wood of a tree of the genus Agathis especially Agathis australis
    yellowwood
    the yellow wood of any of various yellowwood trees
    yew
    wood of a yew; especially the durable fine-grained light brown or red wood of the English yew valued for cabinetwork and archery bows
    lancewood
    durable straight-grained wood of the lacewood tree; used for building and cabinetwork and tools
    true tulipwood, tulipwood, white poplar, whitewood, yellow poplar
    light easily worked wood of a tulip tree; used for furniture and veneer
    zebrawood
    handsomely striped or mottled wood of the zebrawood tree; used especially for cabinetwork
    cocoswood, cocuswood, granadilla wood
    wood of the granadilla tree used for making musical instruments especially clarinets
    shittimwood
    wood of the shittah tree used to make the ark of the Hebrew Tabernacle
    sabicu, sabicu wood
    the wood of the sabicu which resembles mahogany
    bamboo
    the hard woody stems of bamboo plants; used in construction and crafts and fishing poles
    tulipwood
    the variegated or showily striped ornamental wood of various tulipwood trees
    balsa, balsa wood
    strong lightweight wood of the balsa tree used especially for floats
    silver quandong
    pale easily worked timber from the quandong tree
    obeche
    the wood of an African obeche tree; used especially for veneering
    basswood, linden
    soft light-colored wood of any of various linden trees; used in making crates and boxes and in carving and millwork
    beefwood
    any of several heavy hard reddish chiefly tropical woods of the families Casuarinaceae and Proteaceae; some used for cabinetwork
    briarwood, brier-wood, brierwood
    wood from the hard woody root of the briar Erica arborea; used to make tobacco pipes
    beech, beechwood
    wood of any of various beech trees; used for flooring and containers and plywood and tool handles
    chestnut
    wood of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea
    oak
    the hard durable wood of any oak; used especially for furniture and flooring
    birch
    hard close-grained wood of any of various birch trees; used especially in furniture and interior finishes and plywood
    alder
    wood of any of various alder trees; resistant to underwater rot; used for bridges etc
    hazel
    the fine-grained wood of a hazelnut tree (genus Corylus) and the hazel tree (Australian genus Pomaderris)
    olive
    hard yellow often variegated wood of an olive tree; used in cabinetwork
    ash
    strong elastic wood of any of various ash trees; used for furniture and tool handles and sporting goods such as baseball bats
    ironwood
    exceptionally tough or hard wood of any of a number of ironwood trees
    walnut
    hard dark-brown wood of any of various walnut trees; used especially for furniture and paneling
    hickory
    valuable tough heavy hardwood from various hickory trees
    pecan
    wood of a pecan tree
    pyinma
    relatively hard durable timber from the Queen's crape myrtle; light reddish brown, smooth and lustrous
    gum, gumwood
    wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum
    eucalyptus
    wood of any of various eucalyptus trees valued as timber
    tupelo
    pale soft wood of a tupelo tree especially the water gum
    poon
    wood of any poon tree; used for masts and spars
    red lauan
    hard heavy red wood of the red lauan tree; often sold as Philippine mahogany
    elm, elmwood
    hard tough wood of an elm tree; used for e.g. implements and furniture
    brazilwood
    heavy wood of various brazilwood trees; used for violin bows and as dyewoods
    locust
    hardwood from any of various locust trees
    logwood
    very hard brown to brownish-red heartwood of a logwood tree; used in preparing a purplish red dye
    rosewood
    hard dark reddish wood of a rosewood tree having a strongly marked grain; used in cabinetwork
    kingwood
    handsome violet-streaked wood of the kingwood tree; used especially in cabinetwork
    granadilla wood
    dark red hardwood derived from the cocobolo and used in making musical instruments e.g. clarinets
    blackwood
    very dark wood of any of several blackwood trees
    Panama redwood, quira
    hard heavy red wood of a quira tree
    red sandalwood, ruby wood
    hard durable wood of red sandalwood trees (Pterocarpus santalinus); prized for cabinetwork
    black locust
    strong stiff wood of a black-locust tree; very resistant to decay
    cherry
    wood of any of various cherry trees especially the black cherry
    fruitwood
    wood of various fruit trees (as apple or cherry or pear) used especially in cabinetwork
    lemonwood
    hard tough elastic wood of the lemonwood tree; used for making bows and fishing rods
    incense wood
    fragrant wood of two incense trees of the genus Protium
    mahogany
    wood of any of various mahogany trees; much used for cabinetwork and furniture
    satinwood
    hard yellowish wood of a satinwood tree having a satiny luster; used for fine cabinetwork and tools
    orangewood
    fine-grained wood of an orange tree; used in fine woodwork
    citronwood
    wood of a citron tree
    guaiac wood, guaiacum wood
    heartwood of a palo santo; yields an aromatic oil used in perfumes
    guaiac, guaiacum, lignum vitae
    hard greenish-brown wood of the lignum vitae tree and other trees of the genus Guaiacum
    poplar
    soft light-colored non-durable wood of the poplar
    sandalwood
    close-grained fragrant yellowish heartwood of the true sandalwood; has insect repelling properties and is used for carving and cabinetwork
    Turkish boxwood, boxwood
    very hard tough close-grained light yellow wood of the box (particularly the common box); used in delicate woodwork: musical instruments and inlays and engraving blocks
    maple
    wood of any of various maple trees; especially the hard close-grained wood of the sugar maple; used especially for furniture and flooring
    sumac
    wood of a sumac
    ebony
    hard dark-colored heartwood of the ebony tree; used in cabinetwork and for piano keys
    lacewood, sycamore
    variably colored and sometimes variegated hard tough elastic wood of a sycamore tree
    teak, teakwood
    hard strong durable yellowish-brown wood of teak trees; resistant to insects and to warping; used for furniture and in shipbuilding
    dogwood
    hard tough wood of any dogwood of the genus Cornus; resembles boxwood
    sapwood
    newly formed outer wood lying between the cambium and the heartwood of a tree or woody plant; usually light colored; active in water conduction
    duramen, heartwood
    the older inactive central wood of a tree or woody plant; usually darker and denser than the surrounding sapwood
    burl
    the wood cut from a tree burl or outgrowth; often used decoratively in veneer
    ethanol, ethyl alcohol, fermentation alcohol, grain alcohol
    the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors; used pure or denatured as a solvent or in medicines and colognes and cleaning solutions and rocket fuel; proposed as a renewable clean-burning additive to gasoline
    growth regulator, phytohormone, plant hormone
    (botany) a plant product that acts like a hormone
    brushwood
    the wood from bushes or small branches
    cabinet wood
    moderately dense wood used for cabinetwork
    bran
    broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
    driftwood
    wood that is floating or that has been washed ashore
    furfural, furfuraldehyde
    a liquid aldehyde with a penetrating odor; made from plant hulls and corncobs; used in making furan and as a solvent
    natural resin
    a plant exudate
    log
    a segment of the trunk of a tree when stripped of branches
    matchwood
    wood suitable for making matchsticks
    matchwood, splinters
    wood in small pieces or splinters
    plant fiber, plant fibre
    fiber derived from plants
    sawdust
    fine particles of wood made by sawing wood
    saccharose, sucrose
    a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
    wicker
    slender flexible branches or twigs (especially of willow or some canes); used for wickerwork
    dyewood
    any wood from which dye is obtained
    hardwood
    the wood of broad-leaved dicotyledonous trees (as distinguished from the wood of conifers)
    deal, softwood
    wood that is easy to saw (from conifers such as pine or fir)
    raw wood
    wood that is not finished or painted
    knot
    a hard cross-grained round piece of wood in a board where a branch emerged
    type of:
    material, stuff
    the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object
Word Family