medical care

Definitions of medical care
1

n professional treatment for illness or injury

Synonyms:
medical aid
Types:
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primary care
the medical care received on first contact with the medical system (before being referred elsewhere)
aftercare
care and treatment of a convalescent patient
hospital care, hospitalisation, hospitalization
placing in medical care in a hospital
therapy
(medicine) the act of caring for someone (as by medication or remedial training etc.)
nursing care
care by a skilled nurse
irrigation
(medicine) cleaning a wound or body organ by flushing or washing out with water or a medicated solution
bandaging, binding, dressing
the act of applying a bandage
holistic medicine
medical care of the whole person considered as subject to personal and social as well as organic factors
hospice
a program of medical and emotional care for the terminally ill
injection, shot
the act of putting a liquid into the body by means of a syringe
bloodletting
formerly used as a treatment to reduce excess blood (one of the four humors of medieval medicine)
defibrillation
treatment by stopping fibrillation of heart muscles (usually by electric shock delivered by a defibrillator)
detoxification
treatment for poisoning by neutralizing the toxic properties (normally a function of the liver)
disinfection
treatment to destroy harmful microorganisms
digitalisation, digitalization
the administration of digitalis for the treatment of certain heart disorders
anticoagulation
the administration of an anticoagulant drug to retard coagulation of the blood
allopathy
the usual method of treating disease with remedies that produce effects differing from those produced by the disease itself
homeopathy, homoeopathy
a method of treating disease with small amounts of remedies that, in large amounts in healthy people, produce symptoms similar to those being treated
intensive care
close monitoring and constant medical care of patients with life-threatening conditions
intradermal injection
an injection into the skin
intramuscular injection
an injection into a muscle
intravenous injection
an injection into a vein
subcutaneous injection
an injection under the skin
eye-drop, eyedrop
a method of irrigating the eye used by ophthalmologists
aromatherapy
the therapeutic use of aromatic plant extracts and essential oils in baths or massage
chemotherapy
the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease (or mental illness)
correction
treatment of a specific defect
electric healing, electrical healing, electrotherapy, galvanism
the therapeutic application of electricity to the body (as in the treatment of various forms of paralysis)
heliotherapy, insolation
therapeutic exposure to sunlight
HRT, hormone replacement therapy, hormone-replacement therapy
hormones (estrogen and progestin) are given to postmenopausal women; believed to protect them from heart disease and osteoporosis
immunotherapy
therapy designed to produce immunity to a disease or to enhance resistance by the immune system
infrared therapy
the use of infrared radiation (as by infrared lamps or heating pads or hot water bottles) to relieve pain and increase circulation to a particular area of the body
inflation therapy
therapy in which water or oxygen or a drug is introduced into the respiratory tract with inhaled air
EMDA, electromotive drug administration, ionic medication, iontophoresis, iontotherapy
therapy that uses a local electric current to introduce the ions of a medicine into the tissues
medication
the act of treating with medicines or remedies
megavitamin therapy
therapy based on a theory that taking very large doses of vitamins will prevent or cure physical or psychological disorders
occupational therapy
therapy based on engagement in meaningful activities of daily life, especially to enable or encourage participation in such activities in spite of impairments or limitations in physical or mental functions
douche
irrigation with a jet of water or medicated solution into or around a body part (especially the vagina) to treat infections or cleanse from odorous contents
clyster, enema
an injection of a liquid through the anus to stimulate evacuation; sometimes used for diagnostic purposes
lavage
washing out a hollow organ (especially the stomach) by flushing with water
phlebotomy, venesection
surgical incision into a vein; used to treat hemochromatosis
cupping
a treatment in which evacuated cups are applied to the skin to draw blood through the surface
physiatrics, physical therapy, physiotherapy
therapy that uses physical agents: exercise and massage and other modalities
botanical medicine, herbal therapy, phytotherapy
the use of plants or plant extracts for medicinal purposes (especially plants that are not part of the normal diet)
psychotherapy
the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means
actinotherapy, irradiation, radiation, radiation therapy, radiotherapy
(medicine) the treatment of disease (especially cancer) by exposure to a radioactive substance
shock therapy, shock treatment
treatment of certain psychotic states by the administration of shocks that are followed by convulsions
speech therapy
any therapy intended to correct a disorder of speech
refrigeration
deliberately lowering the body's temperature for therapeutic purposes
thermotherapy
the use of heat to treat a disease or disorder; heating pads or hot compresses or hot-water bottles are used to promote circulation in peripheral vascular disease or to relax tense muscles
thrombolytic therapy
therapy consisting of the administration of a pharmacological agent to cause thrombolysis of an abnormal blood clot
chlorination
disinfection of water by the addition of small amounts of chlorine or a chlorine compound
Type of:
intervention, treatment
care provided to improve a situation (especially medical procedures or applications that are intended to relieve illness or injury)

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