legal proceeding

Definitions of legal proceeding
  1. noun
    (law) the institution of a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked
    synonyms: proceeding, proceedings
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    foreclosure
    the legal proceedings initiated by a creditor to repossess the collateral for loan that is in default
    intervention
    (law) a proceeding that permits a person to enter into a lawsuit already in progress; admission of person not an original party to the suit so that person can protect some right or interest that is allegedly affected by the proceedings
    procedure
    a mode of conducting legal and parliamentary proceedings
    action, action at law, legal action
    a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong
    case, causa, cause, lawsuit, suit
    a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy
    adoption
    a legal proceeding that creates a parent-child relation between persons not related by blood; the adopted child is entitled to all privileges belonging to a natural child of the adoptive parents (including the right to inherit)
    appeal
    (law) a legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting of a new trial
    bankruptcy
    a legal process intended to insure equality among the creditors of a corporation declared to be insolvent
    receivership
    a court action that places property under the control of a receiver during litigation so that it can be preserved for the benefit of all
    judicial proceeding, litigation
    a legal proceeding in a court; a judicial contest to determine and enforce legal rights
    naturalisation, naturalization
    the proceeding whereby a foreigner is granted citizenship
    trial
    (law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law
    review
    (law) a judicial reexamination of the proceedings of a court (especially by an appellate court)
    hearing
    (law) a proceeding (usually by a court) where evidence is taken for the purpose of determining an issue of fact and reaching a decision based on that evidence
    bureaucratic procedure, red tape
    needlessly time-consuming procedure
    objection
    (law) a procedure whereby a party to a suit says that a particular line of questioning or a particular witness or a piece of evidence or other matter is improper and should not be continued and asks the court to rule on its impropriety or illegality
    civil suit
    a lawsuit alleging violations of civil law by the defendant
    class action, class-action suit
    a lawsuit brought by a representative member of a large group of people on behalf of all members of the group
    countersuit
    a suit brought against someone who has sued you
    criminal suit
    a lawsuit alleging violations of criminal law by the defendant
    moot
    a hypothetical case that law students argue as an exercise
    bastardy proceeding, paternity suit
    a lawsuit filed to determine the father of a child born out of wedlock (and to provide for the support of the child once paternity is determined)
    antitrust case
    a legal action brought against parties who are charged with limiting free competition in the market place
    civil action
    legal action to protect a private civil right or to compel a civil remedy (as distinguished from criminal prosecution)
    counterclaim
    a claim filed in opposition to another claim in a legal action
    custody case
    a legal action to determine custody (usually of children following a divorce)
    lis pendens
    a pending lawsuit
    custody battle
    litigation to settle custody of the children of a divorced couple
    vexatious litigation
    litigation shown to have been instituted maliciously and without probable cause
    court-martial
    a trial that is conducted by a military court
    ordeal, trial by ordeal
    a primitive method of determining a person's guilt or innocence by subjecting the accused person to dangerous or painful tests believed to be under divine control; escape was usually taken as a sign of innocence
    Scopes trial
    a highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school; Scopes was prosecuted by William Jennings Bryan and defended by Clarence Darrow; Scopes was convicted but the verdict was later reversed
    show trial
    a trial held for show; the guilt of the accused person has been decided in advance
    bill of review
    a proceeding brought to obtain an explanation or an alteration or a reversal of a decree by the court that rendered it
    judicial review
    review by a court of law of actions of a government official or entity or of some other legally appointed person or body or the review by an appellate court of the decision of a trial court
    criminal prosecution, prosecution
    the institution and conduct of legal proceedings against a defendant for criminal behavior
    test case, test suit
    a representative legal action whose outcome is likely to become a precedent
    mistrial
    a trial that is invalid or inconclusive
    retrial
    a new trial in which issues already litigated and to which the court has already rendered a verdict or decision are reexamined by the same court; occurs when the initial trial is found to have been improper or unfair due to procedural errors
    administrative hearing
    a hearing that takes place outside the judicial process before hearing examiners who have been granted judicial authority specifically for the purpose of conducting such hearings
    competence hearing
    a hearing to determine legal capacity (to determine whether the defendant can understand the charges and cooperate with a lawyer in preparing a defense)
    fair hearing
    a hearing that is granted in extraordinary situations where the normal judicial process would be inadequate to secure due process because the person would be harmed or denied their rights before a judicial remedy became available (as in deportation or loss of welfare benefits)
    quo warranto
    a hearing to determine by what authority someone has an office or franchise or liberty
    type of:
    due process, due process of law
    (law) the administration of justice according to established rules and principles; based on the principle that a person cannot be deprived of life or liberty or property without appropriate legal procedures and safeguards
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