proceeding

The noun proceeding (often pluralized as proceedings) is used in legal settings to show something is happening, or moving forward: "During the legal proceedings the judge declared him mentally unbalanced."

Most of the time, the noun proceeding is used in law to show that a sequence of actions have taken place, leading up to judgment day in court. If you move forward with legal proceedings, you might start by filing a lawsuit or a claim against someone. Outside of the law, the noun is also used to show the steps taken, that there is involvement with a process or venture, or that progress is being made: "He took the necessary proceedings to make sure everything was okay."

Definitions of proceeding
1

n (law) the institution of a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked

Synonyms:
legal proceeding, proceedings
Types:
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foreclosure
the legal proceedings initiated by a creditor to repossess the collateral for loan that is in default
intervention
(law) a proceeding that permits a person to enter into a lawsuit already in progress; admission of person not an original party to the suit so that person can protect some right or interest that is allegedly affected by the proceedings
procedure
a mode of conducting legal and parliamentary proceedings
action, action at law, legal action
a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong
case, causa, cause, lawsuit, suit
a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy
adoption
a legal proceeding that creates a parent-child relation between persons not related by blood; the adopted child is entitled to all privileges belonging to a natural child of the adoptive parents (including the right to inherit)
appeal
(law) a legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting of a new trial
bankruptcy
a legal process intended to insure equality among the creditors of a corporation declared to be insolvent
receivership
a court action that places property under the control of a receiver during litigation so that it can be preserved for the benefit of all
judicial proceeding, litigation
a legal proceeding in a court; a judicial contest to determine and enforce legal rights
naturalisation, naturalization
the proceeding whereby a foreigner is granted citizenship
trial
(law) the determination of a person's innocence or guilt by due process of law
review
(law) a judicial reexamination of the proceedings of a court (especially by an appellate court)
hearing
(law) a proceeding (usually by a court) where evidence is taken for the purpose of determining an issue of fact and reaching a decision based on that evidence
bureaucratic procedure, red tape
needlessly time-consuming procedure
objection
(law) a procedure whereby a party to a suit says that a particular line of questioning or a particular witness or a piece of evidence or other matter is improper and should not be continued and asks the court to rule on its impropriety or illegality
civil suit
a lawsuit alleging violations of civil law by the defendant
class action, class-action suit
a lawsuit brought by a representative member of a large group of people on behalf of all members of the group
countersuit
a suit brought against someone who has sued you
criminal suit
a lawsuit alleging violations of criminal law by the defendant
moot
a hypothetical case that law students argue as an exercise
bastardy proceeding, paternity suit
a lawsuit filed to determine the father of a child born out of wedlock (and to provide for the support of the child once paternity is determined)
antitrust case
a legal action brought against parties who are charged with limiting free competition in the market place
civil action
legal action to protect a private civil right or to compel a civil remedy (as distinguished from criminal prosecution)
counterclaim
a claim filed in opposition to another claim in a legal action
custody case
a legal action to determine custody (usually of children following a divorce)
lis pendens
a pending lawsuit
custody battle
litigation to settle custody of the children of a divorced couple
vexatious litigation
litigation shown to have been instituted maliciously and without probable cause
court-martial
a trial that is conducted by a military court
ordeal, trial by ordeal
a primitive method of determining a person's guilt or innocence by subjecting the accused person to dangerous or painful tests believed to be under divine control; escape was usually taken as a sign of innocence
Scopes trial
a highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school; Scopes was prosecuted by William Jennings Bryan and defended by Clarence Darrow; Scopes was convicted but the verdict was later reversed
show trial
a trial held for show; the guilt of the accused person has been decided in advance
bill of review
a proceeding brought to obtain an explanation or an alteration or a reversal of a decree by the court that rendered it
judicial review
review by a court of law of actions of a government official or entity or of some other legally appointed person or body or the review by an appellate court of the decision of a trial court
criminal prosecution, prosecution
the institution and conduct of legal proceedings against a defendant for criminal behavior
test case, test suit
a representative legal action whose outcome is likely to become a precedent
mistrial
a trial that is invalid or inconclusive
retrial
a new trial in which issues already litigated and to which the court has already rendered a verdict or decision are reexamined by the same court; occurs when the initial trial is found to have been improper or unfair due to procedural errors
administrative hearing
a hearing that takes place outside the judicial process before hearing examiners who have been granted judicial authority specifically for the purpose of conducting such hearings
competence hearing
a hearing to determine legal capacity (to determine whether the defendant can understand the charges and cooperate with a lawyer in preparing a defense)
fair hearing
a hearing that is granted in extraordinary situations where the normal judicial process would be inadequate to secure due process because the person would be harmed or denied their rights before a judicial remedy became available (as in deportation or loss of welfare benefits)
quo warranto
a hearing to determine by what authority someone has an office or franchise or liberty
Type of:
due process, due process of law
(law) the administration of justice according to established rules and principles; based on the principle that a person cannot be deprived of life or liberty or property without appropriate legal procedures and safeguards

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