Infliction is when you subject someone to a difficult or unpleasant experience. The infliction of pain on a little kid who needs to get a shot is not fun for him or for his parents.

The noun infliction is good for talking about imposing something negative on someone. You might describe a bully's actions against a smaller child as including both the infliction of pain and the infliction of fear. The Latin root of infliction is inflictionem, or "a striking against," from inflictus, "to strike or dash against." It's important not to confuse infliction with affliction, which means "something that causes pain," but isn't done on purpose.

Definitions of infliction

n the act of imposing something (as a tax or an embargo)

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protection, trade protection
the imposition of duties or quotas on imports in order to protect domestic industry against foreign competition
the imposition of order or discipline
imposition again
the imposition of taxes; the practice of the government in levying taxes on the subjects of a state
Type of:
the act of enforcing; ensuring observance of or obedience to

n an act causing pain or damage

Type of:
actus reus, misconduct, wrongdoing, wrongful conduct
activity that transgresses moral or civil law

n something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness

“he's not a friend, he's an infliction
annoyance, bother, botheration, pain, pain in the ass, pain in the neck
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(law) a broad legal concept including anything that disturbs the reasonable use of your property or endangers life and health or is offensive
irritant, thorn
something that causes irritation and annoyance
an annoyance
abatable nuisance
a nuisance that can remedied (suppressed or extinguished or rendered harmless)
attractive nuisance
anything on your premises that might attract children into danger or harm
mixed nuisance
a nuisance that is both a public nuisance and a private nuisance at the same time
private nuisance
a nuisance that interferes with your interest in and private use and enjoyment of your land
common nuisance, public nuisance
a nuisance that unreasonably interferes with a right that is common to the general public
Type of:
negative stimulus
a stimulus with undesirable consequences

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