human

Unlike a pickle or a chipmunk, a human is a person. You can identify a human by the two legs it stands on, its upright stature, its high intelligence, and its speech that you'll understand if you're one, too.

Human was first recorded in the mid 13th century, and owes its existence to the Middle French humain “of or belonging to man.” That word, in turn, comes from the Latin humanus, thought to be a hybrid relative of homo, meaning “man,” and humus, meaning “earth.” Thus, a human, unlike birds, planes, or even divine spirits up above, is a man firmly rooted to the earth.

Definitions of human
  1. noun
    any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
    synonyms: homo, human being, man
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    types:
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    human beings, human race, humanity, humankind, humans, man, mankind, world
    all of the living human inhabitants of the earth
    Homo erectus
    extinct species of primitive hominid with upright stature but small brain
    Homo soloensis
    extinct primitive hominid of late Pleistocene; Java; formerly Javanthropus
    Homo habilis
    extinct species of upright East African hominid having some advanced humanlike characteristics
    Homo sapiens
    the only surviving hominid; species to which modern man belongs; bipedal primate having language and ability to make and use complex tools; brain volume at least 1400 cc
    Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, Neandertal, Neandertal man, Neanderthal, Neanderthal man
    extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western Asia
    Homo rhodesiensis, Rhodesian man
    a primitive hominid resembling Neanderthal man but living in Africa
    Java man, Trinil man
    fossil remains found in Java; formerly called Pithecanthropus erectus
    Peking man
    fossils found near Beijing, China; they were lost during World War II
    Solo man
    early man of late Pleistocene; skull resembles that of Neanderthal man but with smaller cranial capacity; found in Java
    Cro-magnon
    extinct human of Upper Paleolithic in Europe
    Boskop man
    possible early Homo sapiens represented by a cranium found in the Transvaal; formerly considered a separate species
    Homo sapiens sapiens, modern man
    subspecies of Homo sapiens; includes all modern races
    type of:
    hominid
    a primate of the family Hominidae
  2. adjective
    characteristic of humanity
    human nature”
  3. adjective
    having human form or attributes as opposed to those of animals or divine beings
    human beings”
    “the human body”
    human kindness”
    human frailty”
    Synonyms:
    anthropoid, manlike
    resembling human beings
    anthropomorphic, anthropomorphous, humanlike
    suggesting human characteristics for animals or inanimate things
    earthborn
    springing from or born on the earth
    fallible, frail, imperfect, weak
    wanting in moral strength, courage, or will; having the attributes of man as opposed to e.g. divine beings
    hominal
    of humankind as a species
    hominian, hominid
    characterizing the family Hominidae, which includes Homo sapiens as well as extinct species of manlike creatures
    hominine
    characteristic of humankind
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    Antonyms:
    nonhuman
    not human; not belonging to or produced by or appropriate to human beings
    anthropoid, anthropoidal, apelike
    resembling apes
    bloodless
    devoid of human emotion or feeling
    dehumanised, dehumanized, unhuman
    divested of human qualities or attributes
    inhuman
    belonging to or resembling something nonhuman
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  4. adjective
    relating to a person
    “the experiment was conducted on 6 monkeys and 2 human subjects”
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