cross

When you cross something, you travel over it — like when you cross the street, after looking both ways and using the crosswalk, of course.

A commercial pilot might cross the continent several times a week, and a boy might cross several back yards on his way to school. Another kind of cross is a written mark, an upended X on a piece of paper. There's also the adjective cross, which describes someone who is extremely cranky. The Latin root word crux means "stake or cross," but its figurative meaning, "trouble or misery," is related to to traditional use of wooden crosses to hang criminals.

Definitions of cross
  1. noun
    a marking that consists of lines that cross each other
    synonyms: crisscross, mark
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    type of:
    marking
    a pattern of marks
  2. noun
    a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece
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    type of:
    construction, structure
    a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts
  3. verb
    travel across or pass over
    synonyms: cover, cut across, cut through, get across, get over, pass over, track, traverse
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    types:
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    tramp
    cross on foot
    stride
    cover or traverse by taking long steps
    walk
    traverse or cover by walking
    crisscross
    cross in a pattern, often random
    ford
    cross a river where it's shallow
    bridge
    cross over on a bridge
    jaywalk
    cross the road at a red light
    drive, take
    proceed along in a vehicle
    course
    move swiftly through or over
    hop
    traverse as if by a short airplane trip
    type of:
    go across, go through, pass
    go across or through
  4. verb
    trace a line through or across
    cross your `t'”
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    type of:
    write
    mark or trace on a surface
  5. verb
    meet at a point
    synonyms: intersect
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    types:
    decussate
    cross or intersect so as to form a cross
    type of:
    come across, encounter, meet, run across, run into, see
    come together
  6. verb
    meet and pass
    “the trains crossed
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    types:
    decussate
    cross or intersect so as to form a cross
    type of:
    intersect
    meet at a point
  7. verb
    fold so as to resemble a cross
    “she crossed her legs”
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    Antonyms:
    uncross
    change from a crossed to an uncrossed position
    type of:
    fold, fold up, turn up
    bend or lay so that one part covers the other
  8. verb
    to cover or extend over an area or time period
    synonyms: span, sweep, traverse
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    type of:
    continue, cover, extend
    span an interval of distance, space or time
  9. adjective
    extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis
    cross members should be all steel”
    synonyms: thwartwise, transversal, transverse
    crosswise
    lying or extending across the length of a thing or in a cross direction
  10. noun
    any affliction that causes great suffering
    “that is his cross to bear”
    synonyms: crown of thorns
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    type of:
    affliction
    a state of great suffering and distress due to adversity
  11. verb
    breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties
    cross a horse and a donkey”
    synonyms: crossbreed, hybridise, hybridize, interbreed
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    types:
    backcross
    mate a hybrid of the first generation with one of its parents
    type of:
    breed
    cause to procreate (animals)
  12. noun
    (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids
    synonyms: crossbreeding, crossing, hybridisation, hybridization, hybridizing, interbreeding
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    types:
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    dihybrid cross
    hybridization using two traits with two alleles each
    monohybrid cross
    hybridization using a single trait with two alleles (as in Mendel's experiments with garden peas)
    reciprocal, reciprocal cross
    hybridization involving a pair of crosses that reverse the sexes associated with each genotype
    test-cross, testcross
    a cross between an organism whose genotype for a certain trait is unknown and an organism that is homozygous recessive for that trait so the unknown genotype can be determined from that of the offspring
    type of:
    conjugation, coupling, mating, pairing, sexual union, union
    the act of pairing a male and female for reproductive purposes
  13. noun
    (genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species
    “a mule is a cross between a horse and a donkey”
    synonyms: crossbreed, hybrid
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    types:
    dihybrid
    a hybrid produced by parents that differ only at two gene loci that have two alleles each
    monohybrid
    a hybrid produced by crossing parents that are homozygous except for a single gene locus that has two alleles (as in Mendel's experiments with garden peas)
    type of:
    being, organism
    a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
  14. verb
    hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of
    synonyms: baffle, bilk, confound, foil, frustrate, queer, scotch, scuttle, spoil, thwart
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    types:
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    disappoint, let down
    fail to meet the hopes or expectations of
    dash
    destroy or break
    short-circuit
    hamper the progress of; impede
    ruin
    destroy or cause to fail
    betray, fail
    disappoint, prove undependable to; abandon, forsake
    come short, fall short
    fail to meet (expectations or standards)
    disenchant, disillusion
    free from enchantment
    undo
    cause the ruin or downfall of
    break
    cause the failure or ruin of
    shipwreck
    ruin utterly
    type of:
    forbid, foreclose, forestall, preclude, preempt, prevent
    keep from happening or arising; make impossible
  15. adjective
    annoyed and irritable
    synonyms: bad-tempered, crabbed, crabby, fussy, grouchy, grumpy, ill-tempered
    ill-natured
    having an irritable and unpleasant disposition
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