biome

A biome is a specific environment that's home to living things suited for that place and climate. A desert biome is great for a lizard, but a koala needs the leafy greens of a forest biome.

A plant or animal makes its home in a specific biome, which is pronounced "BI-ohm." While a biome can range from an arctic tundra to a tropical rain forest, living things need to stay in the biome that's best suited to keeping them alive and growing. Scientists in the field of ecology, the study of the environmental connections between living things, work to understand the effects of climate change and population growth on biomes.

Definitions of biome
1

n a major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms of plant life and the prevailing climate

Examples:
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Great Arabian Desert
a desert on the Arabian Peninsula in southwestern Asia
Arabian Desert
a desert in Egypt between the Nile River and the Red Sea
Atacama Desert
a desert in northern Chile rich in nitrate and copper deposits
Great Australian Desert
general name given to all desert areas in Australia
Black Rock Desert
a desert in northwestern Nevada
Chihuahuan Desert
a desert in western Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico
Colorado Desert
an arid region of southeastern California
Great Salt Desert
a salt desert in north central Iran
Dasht-e-Lut
a desert in eastern Iran
Death Valley
a desert area that is part of the Mojave Desert in eastern California and southwestern Nevada; contains the lowest point in North America
Gibson Desert
a desert area in western Australia
Gila Desert
a desert area in southern Arizona
Gobi Desert
a desert in central China
Great Sandy Desert
a desert region in northwestern Australia to the north of the Gibson Desert
Great Victoria Desert
a desert region in south central Australia to the north of the Nullarbor Plain
Kalahari Desert
a desert in southwestern Africa - largely Botswana
Turkestan Desert
a desert in Turkmenistan to the south of the Aral Sea
Kizil Kum
a desert in Uzbekistan to the southeast of the Aral Sea
Libyan Desert
the northeastern part of the Sahara Desert in Libya and Egypt and Sudan
Mohave Desert
a desert area in southern California and western Arizona
Namib Desert
a desert in Namibia extending along the coast between the high plateau and the Atlantic Ocean
An Nafud
a desert in northern Saudi Arabia that is noted for its red sand and violent winds
Negev Desert
a desert in southern Israel
Nubian Desert
an arid sandstone plateau in northeastern Sudan between the Nile and the Red Sea
Painted Desert
a desert on a high plateau in northeastern Arizona
Patagonian Desert
a semiarid region in southern South America
Great Sandy Desert
a desert in southern Saudi Arabia
Sahara Desert
the world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa
Simpson Desert
a desert region of central Australia
Sinai Desert
a desert on the Sinai Peninsula in northeastern Egypt
Sonoran Desert
a desert in southwestern Arizona
Syrian Desert
a desert of northern Arabia occupying western Iraq, southern Syria, eastern Jordan, and northern Saudi Arabia
Taklamakan Desert
a desert in western China
Great Indian Desert
a desert to the east of the Indus River in northwestern India and southeastern Pakistan
Black Forest
a hilly forest region in southwestern Germany
Great Plains of North America
a vast prairie region extending from Alberta and Saskatchewan and Manitoba in Canada south through the west central United States into Texas; formerly inhabited by Native Americans
Sherwood Forest
an ancient forest in central England; formerly a royal hunting ground; said to be the home of Robin Hood and his merry band
Wilderness
a wooded region in northeastern Virginia near Spotsylvania where bloody but inconclusive battles were fought in the American Civil War
Types:
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desert
arid land with little or no vegetation
grassland
land where grass or grasslike vegetation grows and is the dominant form of plant life
forest, timber, timberland, woodland
land that is covered with trees and shrubs
bent
an area of grassland unbounded by fences or hedges
hayfield, meadow
a field where grass or alfalfa are grown to be made into hay
grazing land, lea, ley, pasture, pastureland
a field covered with grass or herbage and suitable for grazing by livestock
prairie
a treeless grassy plain
savanna, savannah
a flat grassland in tropical or subtropical regions
veld, veldt
elevated open grassland in southern Africa
greenwood
woodlands in full leaf
riparian forest
woodlands along the banks of stream or river
silva, sylva
the forest trees growing in a country or region
tree farm
a forest (or part of a forest) where trees are grown for commercial use
Type of:
biotic community, community
(ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other

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