render

Render is a synonym of make––technically it means "cause to become." An illness might render you unable to walk, or a shocking site might render you speechless.

Another basic meaning of the verb render is to give, present, or perform something: to render assistance. And a specialized sense is to formally declare a verdict in a court case. Render is from Middle English, from Old French rendre "to give back, deliver," an alteration of Latin reddere "to restore," from the prefix red-, re- "back" plus dare "to give."

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: render

1
v
give or supply
2
v
cause to become
3
vn
coat with plastic or cement
a substance similar to stucco but exclusively applied to masonry walls
4
v
melt (fat or lard) in order to separate out impurities
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: render
1

v give or supply

“The estate renders some revenue for the family”
Synonyms:
generate, give, return, yield
give, yield
cause to happen or be responsible for
establish, give
bring about
Type of:
create, make, produce
create or manufacture a man-made product

v bestow

render thanks”
Synonyms:
give
give
accord by verdict
Types:
dedicate
inscribe or address by way of compliment
inscribe
address, (a work of literature) in a style less formal than a dedication
Type of:
communicate, intercommunicate
transmit thoughts or feelings

v give back

render money”
Synonyms:
return
Types:
feed back, resubmit
submit (information) again to a program or automatic system
Type of:
give
transfer possession of something concrete or abstract to somebody

v give something useful or necessary to

Synonyms:
furnish, provide, supply
Types:
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hydrate
supply water or liquid to in order to maintain a healthy balance
charge
energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge
date
provide with a dateline; mark with a date
feed
feed into; supply
calk
provide with calks
fund
provide a fund for the redemption of principal or payment of interest
scant, skimp, stint
supply sparingly and with restricted quantities
terrace, terrasse
provide (a house) with a terrace
dado
provide with a dado
innervate
supply nerves to (some organ or body part)
offer
make available or accessible, provide or furnish
signalise, signalize
provide with traffic signals
extend, offer
make available; provide
stock
provide or furnish with a stock of something
buy in, stock, stock up
amass so as to keep for future use or sale or for a particular occasion or use
caption
provide with a caption, as of a photograph or a drawing
tube
provide with a tube or insert a tube into
ticket
provide with a ticket for passage or admission
stock
supply with livestock
stock
supply with fish
rim
furnish with a rim
fret
provide (a musical instrument) with frets
step
furnish with steps
rail
provide with rails
grate
furnish with a grate
capitalise, capitalize
supply with capital, as of a business by using a combination of capital used by investors and debt capital provided by lenders
alphabetize
provide with an alphabet
wharf
provide with a wharf
air-condition, air-cool
equip with an apparatus for controlling the humidity and temperature
uniform
provide with uniforms
railroad
supply with railroad lines
partner
provide with a partner
bewhisker, whisker
furnish with whiskers
subtitle
supply (a movie) with subtitles
headline
provide (a newspaper page or a story) with a headline
match
provide funds complementary to
hobnail
supply with hobnails
wive
provide with a wife; marry (someone) to a wife
victual
supply with food
cloy, surfeit
supply or feed to surfeit
heat
provide with heat
seat
provide with seats
seat
put a seat on a chair
ramp
furnish with a ramp
arm
supply with arms
interleave
provide (books) with blank leaves
glass, glaze
furnish with glass
crenel, crenelate, crenellate
supply with battlements
causeway
provide with a causeway
canal, canalise, canalize
provide (a city) with a canal
bush
provide with a bushing
brattice
supply with a brattice, to ventilate mines
furnish
provide or equip with furniture
slat
equip or bar with slats
berth
provide with a berth
bed
furnish with a bed
computerise, computerize
provide with computers
costume
furnish with costumes; as for a film or play
bottom
provide with a bottom or a seat
rafter
provide (a ceiling) with rafters
tool
furnish with tools
key
provide with a key
fuel
provide with a combustible substance that provides energy
provision, purvey
supply with provisions
afford, give, yield
be the cause or source of
equip, fit, fit out, outfit
provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose
transistorise, transistorize
equip (an electronic circuit or device) with transistors
upholster
provide furniture with padding, springs, webbing, and covers
cleat
provide with cleats
coal
supply with coal
corbel
furnish with a corbel
cornice
furnish with a cornice
constitutionalize
provide with a constitution, as of a country
copper-bottom
provide with a copper bottom
curtain
provide with drapery
gate
supply with a gate
index
provide with an index
articulate, joint
provide with a joint
pour
supply in large amounts or quantities
pump
supply in great quantities
fire, fuel
provide with fuel
flood, glut, oversupply
supply with an excess of
toggle
provide with a toggle or toggles
patch
provide with a patch; also used metaphorically
water
provide with water
leverage
provide with leverage
tap
furnish with a tap or spout, so as to be able to draw liquid from it
top, top out
provide with a top or finish the top (of a structure)
reflectorise, reflectorize
provide with reflectors, such as chemicals
retrofit
provide with parts, devices, or equipment not available or in use at the time of the original manufacture
border, edge
provide with a border or edge
machicolate
supply with projecting galleries
sanitate
provide with sanitary facilities or appliances
hat
furnish with a hat
theme
provide with a particular theme or motive
kern
furnish with a kern
headquarter
provide with headquarters
shelter
provide shelter for
rig, set, set up
equip with sails or masts
mechanise, mechanize, motorise, motorize
equip with armed and armored motor vehicles
recharge
charge anew
open, open up
make available
date-mark, dateline, datemark
mark with a date and place
date, date stamp
stamp with a date
accost, hook, solicit
approach with an offer of sexual favors
fuse
equip with a fuse; provide with a fuse
collar
furnish with a collar
spur
equip with spurs
fin
equip (a car) with fins
motorize
equip with a motor
motorize
equip with a motor vehicle
plant
place into a river
restock
stock again
overstock
stock excessively
understock
stock with less than the usual or desirable number or quantity
stock
equip with a stock
steam-heat
heat by means of steam
reseat
provide with new seats
reseat
provide with a new seat
munition
supply with weapons
rearm
arm again
double-glaze
provide with two sheets of glass
refurnish
furnish with new or different furniture
bunk
provide with a bunk
gas up
fill with gasoline
refuel
provide with additional fuel, as of aircraft, ships, and cars
bunker
fill (a ship's bunker) with coal or oil
horseshoe
equip (a horse) with a horseshoe or horseshoes
turn out
outfit or equip, as with accessories
instrument
equip with instruments for measuring, recording, or controlling
muzzle
fit with a muzzle
kit, kit out, kit up
supply with a set of articles or tools
appoint
furnish
re-equip, rejig
re-equip a factory or plant
refit
fit out again
armor, armour
equip with armor
accouter, accoutre
provide with military equipment
wire
provide with electrical circuits
shaft
equip with a shaft
spar
furnish with spars
stave
furnish with staves
adorn, clothe, invest
furnish with power or authority; of kings or emperors
domiciliate, house, put up
provide housing for
kennel
put up in a kennel
stable
shelter in a stable
stall
put into, or keep in, a stall
commission
put into commission; equip for service; of ships
harbor, harbour
secretly shelter (as of fugitives or criminals)
allow, allow for, leave, provide
make a possibility or provide opportunity for; permit to be attainable or cause to remain
Type of:
give
transfer possession of something concrete or abstract to somebody

v make over as a return

“They had to render the estate”
Synonyms:
submit
Type of:
gift, give, present
give as a present; make a gift of

v to surrender someone or something to another

render up the prisoners”
render the town to the enemy”
Synonyms:
deliver, fork out, fork over, fork up, hand over, turn in
Types:
bail
deliver something in trust to somebody for a special purpose and for a limited period
give away
formally hand over to the bridegroom in marriage; of a bride by her father
Type of:
give, hand, pass, pass on, reach, turn over
place into the hands or custody of

v pass down

render a verdict”
Synonyms:
deliver, return
Type of:
communicate, pass, pass along, pass on, put across
transmit information
2

v cause to become

“The shot rendered her immobile”
Type of:
get, make
give certain properties to something

v give an interpretation or rendition of

“The pianist rendered the Beethoven sonata beautifully”
Synonyms:
interpret
Types:
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sing
deliver by singing
solmizate
sing by the syllables of solmization
troll
sing the parts of (a round) in succession
hymn
sing a hymn
carol
sing carols
madrigal
sing madrigals
Type of:
do, execute, perform
carry out or perform an action

v show in, or as in, a picture

“the face of the child is rendered with much tenderness in this painting”
Synonyms:
depict, picture, show
Types:
illustrate
depict with an illustration
map
depict as if on a map
Type of:
interpret, represent
create an image or likeness of

v restate (words) from one language into another language

“She rendered the French poem into English”
Synonyms:
interpret, translate
translate
be translatable, or be translatable in a certain way
Types:
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retranslate
translate again
mistranslate
translate incorrectly
gloss
provide an interlinear translation of a word or phrase
Latinize
translate into Latin
Type of:
ingeminate, iterate, reiterate, repeat, restate, retell
to say, state, or perform again
3

v coat with plastic or cement

render the brick walls in the den”
Type of:
coat, surface
put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface

n a substance similar to stucco but exclusively applied to masonry walls

Type of:
stucco
a plaster now made mostly from Portland cement and sand and lime; applied while soft to cover exterior walls or surfaces
4

v melt (fat or lard) in order to separate out impurities

render fat in a casserole”
Synonyms:
try
Type of:
melt, melt down, run
reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating
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