charge

Charge can mean electricity received, as in the shock you’d feel if you put your finger in a wall socket. Charge is also what you do when you use your credit card instead of cash. Shopping can be electrifying too.

Charge has many meanings. Charge is what a cavalry does when it rushes towards enemy lines. A charge is also the cost of something. When you are “in charge,” it means that you are in command of everything. And when you are “in charge of,” it means that you have a specific responsibility. And when you are excited about something, you “get a charge out of it.” If you like power, you might get a charge out of being in charge.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: charge

1
vn
assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
a special assignment that is given to a person or group
2
vn
blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against
an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence
3
vn
set or ask for a certain price
the price charged for some article or service
4
vn
to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle
an impetuous rush toward someone or something
5
vn
cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on
the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons
6
nv
heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield
place a heraldic bearing on
7
v
lie down on command, of hunting dogs
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: charge
1

v assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to

“She was charged with supervising the creation of a concordance”
Synonyms:
appoint
Types:
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assign, delegate, depute, designate
give an assignment to (a person) to a post, or assign a task to (a person)
depute, deputise, deputize
appoint as a substitute
make, name, nominate
charge with a function; charge to be
authorise, authorize, empower
give or delegate power or authority to
accredit
provide or send (envoys or embassadors) with official credentials
create
invest with a new title, office, or rank
mandate
assign authority to
cast
select to play,sing, or dance a part in a play, movie, musical, opera, or ballet
post
assign to a post; put into a post
cast
assign the roles of (a movie or a play) to actors
devolve
pass on or delegate to another
task
assign a task to
place
place somebody in a particular situation or location
regiment
assign to a regiment
reassign, transfer
transfer somebody to a different position or location of work
delegate, depute
transfer power to someone
mandate
assign under a mandate
rename
name again or anew
advance, elevate, kick upstairs, promote, raise, upgrade
give a promotion to or assign to a higher position
break, bump, demote, kick downstairs, relegate
assign to a lower position; reduce in rank
entitle
give the right to
sanction
give authority or permission to
place
assign to (a job or a home)

v impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to

“He charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend”
Synonyms:
burden, saddle
Types:
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overburden
burden with too much work or responsibility
bear down
exert a force or cause a strain upon
deluge, flood out, overwhelm
charge someone with too many tasks
adjure
command solemnly
Type of:
command, require
make someone do something

v attribute responsibility to

“The tragedy was charged to her inexperience”
Synonyms:
blame
Type of:
ascribe, assign, attribute, impute
attribute or credit to

v instruct or command with authority

“The teacher charged the children to memorize the poem”
Type of:
instruct
give instructions or directions for some task

v instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence

Type of:
instruct
give instructions or directions for some task

v cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution

Synonyms:
commit, institutionalise, institutionalize, send
Types:
hospitalise, hospitalize
admit into a hospital
Type of:
transfer
move from one place to another

v give over to another for care or safekeeping

Synonyms:
consign
Types:
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pledge
give as a guarantee
hock, pawn, soak
leave as a guarantee in return for money
check
hand over something to somebody as for temporary safekeeping
check
consign for shipment on a vehicle
collateralize
pledge as a collateral
give
offer in good faith
hypothecate
pledge without delivery or title of possession
Type of:
commit, confide, entrust, intrust, trust
confer a trust upon

n a special assignment that is given to a person or group

“his charge was deliver a message”
Synonyms:
commission, mission
Types:
fool's errand
a fruitless mission
mission impossible
an extremely dangerous or difficult mission
martyr operation, sacrifice operation, suicide mission
killing or injuring others while annihilating yourself; usually accomplished with a bomb
Type of:
assignment, duty assignment
a duty that you are assigned to perform (especially in the armed forces)

n a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something

“the judge's charge to the jury”
Synonyms:
commission, direction
Types:
misdirection
an incorrect charge to a jury given by a judge
Type of:
bid, bidding, command, dictation
an authoritative direction or instruction to do something

n attention and management implying responsibility for safety

Synonyms:
care, guardianship, tutelage
Types:
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due care, ordinary care, reasonable care
the care that a reasonable man would exercise under the circumstances; the standard for determining legal duty
foster care
supervised care for delinquent or neglected children usually in an institution or substitute home
great care
more attention and consideration than is normally bestowed by prudent persons
providence
the guardianship and control exercised by a deity
slight care
such care as a careless or inattentive person would exercise
Type of:
protection
the activity of protecting someone or something

n a person committed to your care

“the teacher led her charges across the street”
Type of:
dependant, dependent
a person who relies on another person for support (especially financial support)
2

v blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against

“he charged the director with indifference”
Synonyms:
accuse
Types:
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blame, fault
put or pin the blame on
accuse, criminate, impeach, incriminate
bring an accusation against; level a charge against
asperse, besmirch, calumniate, defame, denigrate, slander, smear, smirch, sully
charge falsely or with malicious intent; attack the good name and reputation of someone
indict
accuse formally of a crime
reproach, upbraid
express criticism towards
arraign
accuse of a wrong or an inadequacy
recriminate
return an accusation against someone or engage in mutual accusations; charge in return
assassinate
destroy or damage seriously, as of someone's reputation
libel
print slanderous statements against
badmouth, drag through the mud, malign, traduce
speak unfavorably about
file, lodge
file a formal charge against

v make an accusatory claim

“The defense attorney charged that the jurors were biased”
Types:
tax
make a charge against or accuse
complain
make a formal accusation; bring a formal charge
Type of:
claim
assert or affirm strongly; state to be true or existing

v file a formal charge against

“The suspect was charged with murdering his wife”
Synonyms:
file, lodge
Types:
impeach
charge (a public official) with an offense or misdemeanor committed while in office
Type of:
accuse, criminate, impeach, incriminate
bring an accusation against; level a charge against

n an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence

“the newspaper published charges that Jones was guilty of drunken driving”
Synonyms:
accusation
Types:
countercharge
a charge brought by an accused person against the accuser
Type of:
assertion, asseveration, averment
a declaration that is made emphatically (as if no supporting evidence were necessary)

n (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense

“he was arrested on a charge of larceny”
Synonyms:
complaint
Types:
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accusal, accusation
a formal charge of wrongdoing brought against a person; the act of imputing blame or guilt
self-accusation, self-condemnation
an admission that you have failed to do or be something you know you should do or be
recrimination
mutual accusations
allegation
(law) a formal accusation against somebody (often in a court of law)
blame game
accusations exchanged among people who refuse to accept sole responsibility for some undesirable event
imprecation
a slanderous accusation
imputation
a statement attributing something dishonest (especially a criminal offense)
indictment
an accusation of wrongdoing
information
formal accusation of a crime
preferment
the act of making accusations
blame, incrimination, inculpation
an accusation that you are responsible for some lapse or misdeed
implication
an accusation that brings into intimate and usually incriminating connection
Type of:
pleading
(law) a statement in legal and logical form stating something on behalf of a party to a legal proceeding
3

v set or ask for a certain price

“How much do you charge for lunch?”
“This fellow charges $100 for a massage”
Type of:
determine, set
fix conclusively or authoritatively

v enter a certain amount as a charge

“he charged me $15”
Synonyms
bill
demand payment
Type of:
debit
enter as debit

v demand payment

“Will I get charged for this service?”
Synonyms:
bill
Types:
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impose, levy
impose and collect
tithe
exact a tithe from
assess
charge (a person or a property) with a payment, such as a tax or a fine
undercharge
charge (someone) too little money
surcharge
charge an extra fee, as for a special service
invoice
send an bill to
toll
charge a fee for using
tithe
levy a tithe on (produce or a crop)
reimpose
impose anew
lay
impose as a duty, burden, or punishment
mulct
impose a fine on
tax
levy a tax on
distrain
levy a distress on
Type of:
account, calculate
keep an account of

v pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone payment by recording a purchase as a debt

“Will you pay cash or charge the purchase?”
Antonyms:
pay cash
pay (for something) with cash
Type of:
pay
give money, usually in exchange for goods or services

n the price charged for some article or service

“the admission charge
Types:
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carrying charge
charge made for carrying an account or for merchandise sold on an installment plan
depreciation charge
an amount periodically charged to expense or against revenue in compensation for depreciation of property
undercharge
a price that is too low
overcharge
a price that is too high
fare, transportation
the sum charged for riding in a public conveyance
fixed charge, fixed cost, fixed costs
a periodic charge that does not vary with business volume (as insurance or rent or mortgage payments etc.)
agio, agiotage, exchange premium, premium
a fee charged for exchanging currencies
demurrage
a charge required as compensation for the delay of a ship or freight car or other cargo beyond its scheduled time of departure
installation charge
the charge for installing something
porterage
the charge for carrying burdens by porters
postage
the charge for mailing something
poundage
a charge based on weight measured in pounds
charge per unit, rate
amount of a charge or payment relative to some basis
water-rate
rate per quarter for water from a public supply
surcharge
an additional charge (as for items previously omitted or as a penalty for failure to exercise common caution or common skill)
service charge, service fee
a percentage of a bill (as at a hotel or restaurant) added in payment for service
stowage
the charge for stowing goods
tankage
the charge for storing something in tanks
pay rate, rate of pay
amount of money received per unit time
installment rate, payment rate, rate of payment, repayment rate
the amount of money paid out per unit time
extortion
an exorbitant charge
corkage
a charge added at a restaurant for every bottle of wine served that was not bought on the premises
airfare
the fare charged for traveling by airplane
bus fare, carfare
the fare charged for riding a bus or streetcar
cab fare, taxi fare
the fare charged for riding in a taxicab
train fare
the fare charged for traveling by train
tax rate
rate used to calculate tax liability
cover, cover charge
a fixed charge by a restaurant or nightclub over and above the charge for food and drink
interest
a fixed charge for borrowing money; usually a percentage of the amount borrowed
interest rate, rate of interest
the percentage of a sum of money charged for its use
fee
a fixed charge for a privilege or for professional services
single supplement
a surcharge added to the cost per person when traveling alone
freight, freight rate, freightage
the charge for transporting something by common carrier
depreciation rate, rate of depreciation
the rate at which the value of property is reduced; used to calculate tax deduction
exchange rate, rate of exchange
the charge for exchanging currency of one country for currency of another
excursion rate
a reduced rate for a round-trip ticket
footage
a rate of charging by the linear foot of work done
linage, lineage
a rate of payment for written material that is measured according to the number of lines submitted
room rate
the rate charged daily for a hotel room
due
a payment that is due (e.g., as the price of membership)
Type of:
cost
the total spent for goods or services including money and time and labor

n request for payment of a debt

“they submitted their charges at the end of each month”
Synonyms:
billing
Types:
presentment
a document that must be accepted and paid by another person
Type of:
asking, request
the verbal act of requesting

n financial liabilities (such as a tax)

“the charges against the estate”
Types:
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levy
a charge imposed and collected
encumbrance, incumbrance
a charge against property (as a lien or mortgage)
assessment
an amount determined as payable
revenue enhancement, tax, taxation
charge against a citizen's person or property or activity for the support of government
tithe
a levy of one tenth of something
Type of:
liabilities
anything that is owed to someone else
4

v to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle

“he saw Jess charging at him with a pitchfork”
Synonyms:
bear down
Type of:
rush
attack suddenly

v move quickly and violently

“He came charging into my office”
Synonyms:
buck, shoot, shoot down, tear
dart, dash, flash, scoot, scud, shoot
run or move very quickly or hastily
Types:
rip
move precipitously or violently
Type of:
belt along, bucket along, cannonball along, hasten, hie, hotfoot, pelt along, race, rush, rush along, speed, step on it
move fast

v cause to be agitated, excited, or roused

“The speaker charged up the crowd with his inflammatory remarks”
Synonyms:
agitate, charge up, commove, excite, rouse, turn on
Antonyms:
calm, calm down, lull, quiet, quieten, still, tranquilize, tranquillise, tranquillize
make calm or still
Types:
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hype up, psych up
get excited or stimulated
bother
make nervous or agitated
pother
make upset or troubled
electrify
excite suddenly and intensely
Type of:
disturb, trouble, upset
move deeply

v saturate

“The room was charged with tension and anxiety”
Type of:
impregnate, saturate
infuse or fill completely

v fill or load to capacity

charge the wagon with hay”
Antonyms:
discharge
remove the charge from
Types:
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burden, burthen, weight, weight down
weight down with a load
freight
load with goods for transportation
overburden
load with excessive weight
plumb
weight with lead
saddle
load or burden; encumber
Type of:
alter, change, modify
cause to change; make different; cause a transformation

v provide (a device) with something necessary

Synonyms:
load
Types:
recharge, reload
load anew
Type of:
fill, fill up, make full
make full, also in a metaphorical sense

v direct into a position for use

“He charged his weapon at me”
Synonyms:
level, point
point
be positionable in a specified manner
Type of:
aim, direct, take, take aim, train
point or cause to go (blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment) towards

n an impetuous rush toward someone or something

“the wrestler's charge carried him past his adversary”
“the battle began with a cavalry charge
Types:
countercharge
a retaliatory charge
Type of:
attack, onrush, onset, onslaught
(military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons)

n the swift release of a store of affective force

Synonyms:
bang, boot, flush, kick, rush, thrill
Type of:
excitement, exhilaration
the feeling of lively and cheerful joy

n (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object

Synonyms:
cathexis
Type of:
libidinal energy
(psychoanalysis) psychic energy produced by the libido

n a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time

“this cartridge has a powder charge of 50 grains”
Synonyms:
burster, bursting charge, explosive charge
Types:
shot
an explosive charge used in blasting
undercharge
an insufficient charge
rocket fuel, rocket propellant, rocket propellent
an explosive charge that propels a rocket
Type of:
explosive
a chemical substance that undergoes a rapid chemical change (with the production of gas) on being heated or struck
5

v cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on

charge a conductor”
Type of:
alter, change, modify
cause to change; make different; cause a transformation

v energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge

“I need to charge my car battery”
Types:
recharge
charge anew
Type of:
furnish, provide, render, supply
give something useful or necessary to

n the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons

“the battery needed a fresh charge
Synonyms:
electric charge
Types:
electrostatic charge
the electric charge at rest on the surface of an insulated body (which establishes and adjacent electrostatic field)
positive charge
having a deficiency of electrons; having a higher electric potential
negative charge
having a surplus of electrons; having a lower electric potential
Type of:
electrical phenomenon
a physical phenomenon involving electricity
6

n heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield

Synonyms:
armorial bearing, bearing, heraldic bearing
Types:
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annulet, roundel
(heraldry) a charge in the shape of a circle
chevron
an inverted V-shaped charge
fleur-de-lis, fleur-de-lys
(heraldry) charge consisting of a conventionalized representation of an iris
ordinary
(heraldry) any of several conventional figures used on shields
bend, bend dexter
diagonal line traversing a shield from the upper right corner to the lower left
fess, fesse
(heraldry) an ordinary consisting of a broad horizontal band across a shield
bar sinister, bend sinister
a mark of bastardy; lines from top right to bottom left
Type of:
heraldry
emblem indicating the right of a person to bear arms

v place a heraldic bearing on

charge all weapons, shields, and banners”
Type of:
paint
make a painting
7

v lie down on command, of hunting dogs

Type of:
lie, lie down
assume a reclining position
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