extend

The verb extend can have several related meanings, including thrust out, continue, broaden, expand, unfold, span, or increase in scope.

Extend, as a verb, is used in many ways. You extend (hold out) your hand when you offer to shake. You extend (push forward) a deadline when you add a few days to it. Your belly might extend (broaden) after a holiday dinner. A telescope extends (expands) your range of vision. If the list of definitions for extend were infinite, you could extend (add to) that list forever and ever. But your patience might not extend that far.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: extend

1
v
stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point
2
v
make available; provide
3
v
use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity
4
v
cause to move at full gallop
5
v
increase in quantity or bulk by adding a cheaper substance
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: extend
1

v stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point

“My memory extends back to my fourth year of life”
“The facts extend beyond a consideration of her personal assets”
Synonyms:
go, lead, pass, run
range, run
change or be different within limits
Types:
come
extend or reach
radiate, ray
extend or spread outward from a center or focus or inward towards a center
go deep, go far
extend in importance or range
Type of:
be
occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere

v span an interval of distance, space or time

“The war extended over five years”
“My land extends over the hills on the horizon”
Synonyms:
continue, cover
cover
hold within range of an aimed firearm
Types:
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cross, span, sweep, traverse
to cover or extend over an area or time period
sweep
cover the entire range of
overlap
extend over and cover a part of
overspread, spread
spread across or over
ridge
extend in ridges
constellate, dot, stud
scatter or intersperse like dots or studs
rake
sweep the length of
imbricate
overlap
transgress
spread over land, especially along a subsiding shoreline
Type of:
be
occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere

v extend in scope or range or area

“The law was extended to all citizens”
Extend your backyard”
Synonyms:
broaden, widen
expand
expand the influence of
Types:
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broaden
make broader
territorialise, territorialize
extend by adding territory
globalise, globalize
make world-wide in scope or application
stretch
extend the scope or meaning of; often unduly
Type of:
increase
make bigger or more

v continue or extend

“The disease extended into the remote mountain provinces”
Synonyms:
carry
draw out, prolong, protract
lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer
Type of:
continue
exist over a prolonged period of time

v expand the influence of

“The King extended his rule to the Eastern part of the continent”
Synonyms:
expand
broaden, widen
extend in scope or range or area
Type of:
alter, change, modify
cause to change; make different; cause a transformation

v lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer

“She extended her visit by another day”
Synonyms:
draw out, prolong, protract
carry
continue or extend
Types:
temporise, temporize
draw out a discussion or process in order to gain time
spin, spin out
prolong or extend
Type of:
lengthen
make longer

v prolong the time allowed for payment of

extend the loan”
Synonyms
carry
continue or extend
Type of:
draw out, prolong, protract
lengthen in time; cause to be or last longer

v reach outward in space

“The awning extends several feet over the sidewalk”
Synonyms:
poke out, reach out
Type of:
be
occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere

v thrust or extend out

extend a hand”
Synonyms:
exsert, hold out, put out, stretch forth, stretch out
Types:
hyperextend
extend a joint beyond its normal range
Type of:
gesticulate, gesture, motion
show, express or direct through movement

v extend one's limbs or muscles, or the entire body

Extend your right arm above your head”
Synonyms:
stretch
Types:
spread-eagle
stretch out completely
crane, stretch out
stretch (the neck) so as to see better
Type of:
strain, tense, tense up
cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious

v extend or stretch out to a greater or the full length

extend the TV antenna”
Synonyms:
stretch, stretch out, unfold
Type of:
change form, change shape, deform
assume a different shape or form

v open or straighten out; unbend

“Can we extend the legs of this dining table?”
Synonyms
stretch, stretch out, unfold
extend or stretch out to a greater or the full length
Type of:
straighten, straighten out
make straight
2

v make available; provide

extend a loan”
Synonyms:
offer
offer
offer verbally
Type of:
furnish, provide, render, supply
give something useful or necessary to

v offer verbally

extend my greetings”
Synonyms:
offer
offer
make available; provide
Type of:
give, pay
convey, as of a compliment, regards, attention, etc.; bestow
3

v use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity

“He really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro”
Synonyms:
strain
Types:
overextend, overstrain
strain excessively
task, tax
use to the limit
Type of:
apply, employ, use, utilise, utilize
put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose
4

v cause to move at full gallop

Synonyms:
gallop
Type of:
ride, sit
sit and travel on the back of animal, usually while controlling its motions
5

v increase in quantity or bulk by adding a cheaper substance

extend the casserole with a little rice”
Synonyms:
stretch
adulterate, debase, dilute, load, stretch
corrupt, debase, or make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance; often by replacing valuable ingredients with inferior ones
Type of:
increase
make bigger or more
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