grate

When you grate something you rip it to shreds, like a pound of solid cheese that you shred for a recipe.

The verb grate entered the English language in the fourteenth century by way of the French word grater, meaning “to scrape.” Using grate in this sense, you might grate your teeth or grate a carrot, meaning rub or pulverize. By the sixteenth century the word had taken on the additional meaning of “sound harshly” and “annoy.” This evolution makes sense if you think about it: If you’ve ever had anything really annoy you — "grate on your nerves" — it can almost seem as if a cheese grater has been applied to your nerves and is slowly ripping them to shreds.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: grate

1
vn
reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface
a harsh rasping sound made by scraping something
2
nv
a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting air
furnish with a grate
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: grate
1

v reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface

grate carrots and onions”
grate nutmeg”
Type of:
rub
move over something with pressure

v make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together

grate one's teeth in anger”
Synonyms:
grind
Types:
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gnash
grind together, of teeth
chew, jaw, manducate, masticate
chew (food); to bite and grind with the teeth
champ, chomp
chew noisily
champ
chafe at the bit, like horses
gum, mumble
grind with the gums; chew without teeth and with great difficulty
chaw
chew without swallowing
crunch, munch
chew noisily
gnaw
bite or chew on with the teeth
Type of:
break up, fragment, fragmentise, fragmentize
break or cause to break into pieces

v scratch repeatedly

Synonyms:
scrape
Types:
paw
scrape with the paws
Type of:
rub
move over something with pressure

v gnaw into; make resentful or angry

Synonyms:
eat into, fret, rankle
Type of:
annoy, bother, chafe, devil, get at, get to, gravel, irritate, nark, nettle, rag, rile, vex
cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations

n a harsh rasping sound made by scraping something

Type of:
noise
sound of any kind (especially unintelligible or dissonant sound)
2

n a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting air

Synonyms:
grating
Types:
grille, radiator grille
grating that admits cooling air to car's radiator
Type of:
barrier
a structure or object that impedes free movement

n a frame of iron bars to hold a fire

Synonyms:
grating
Type of:
framework
a structure supporting or containing something

v furnish with a grate

“a grated fireplace”
Type of:
furnish, provide, render, supply
give something useful or necessary to
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