stock

Stock is collective noun for the stuff a store or a company has to sell, be it toilet paper, automobiles or clothing. Many stores close once a year for a few days to do an inventory of their stock.

Stock is used in all kinds of contexts, as both a noun and a verb, but always has an eye on the things that are present and available. Stock boys stock the shelves at grocery stores. Consumers stock up on toilet paper. Car thieves take stock (assess the stuff they can do) when they run out of gas and the sirens are getting louder. And finally, companies sell stock — small shares of ownership — in their companies to raise money.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: stock

1
nadjv
a supply of something available for future use
repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse
have on hand
2
nv
the handle end of some implements or tools
equip with a stock
3
nv
a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants
put forth and grow sprouts or shoots
4
n
liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces
5
n
an ornamental white cravat
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: stock
1

n a supply of something available for future use

Synonyms:
fund, store
Types:
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base, infrastructure
the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area
cache, hoard, stash
a secret store of valuables or money
provision
a store or supply of something (especially of food or clothing or arms)
government issue, issue, military issue
supplies (as food or clothing or ammunition) issued by the government
seed stock
a supply of seeds (or tubers) reserved for planting
seed corn, seed grain
good quality seeds (as kernels of corn) that are reserved for planting
Type of:
accumulation
(finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation

n the merchandise that a shop has on hand

Synonyms:
inventory
Type of:
merchandise, product, ware
commodities offered for sale

n lumber used in the construction of something

“they will cut round stock to 1-inch diameter”
Type of:
lumber, timber
the wood of trees cut and prepared for use as building material

n the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity)

“he owns a controlling share of the company's stock
Types:
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common shares, common stock, ordinary shares
stock other than preferred stock; entitles the owner to a share of the corporation's profits and a share of the voting power in shareholder elections
no-par stock, no-par-value stock
stock with no par value specified in the corporate charter or on the stock certificate
preference shares, preferred shares, preferred stock
stock whose holders are guaranteed priority in the payment of dividends but whose holders have no voting rights
float
the number of shares outstanding and available for trading by the public
common stock equivalent
preferred stock or convertible bonds or warrants that can be converted into common stock
control stock
shares owned by shareholders who have a controlling interest
growth stock
stock of a corporation that has had faster than average gains in earnings and is expected to continue to
hot issue, hot stock
newly issued stock that is in great public demand
authorized shares, authorized stock, capital stock
the maximum number of shares authorized under the terms of a corporation's articles of incorporation
quarter stock
stock with a par value of $25/share
reacquired stock, treasury shares, treasury stock
stock that has been bought back by the issuing corporation and is available for retirement or resale; it is issued but not outstanding; it cannot vote and pays no dividends
voting stock
shares in a corporation that entitle the shareholder to voting and proxy rights
watered stock
stock representing ownership of overvalued assets; stock of a corporation whose total worth is less than its invested capital
blue chip, blue-chip stock
a common stock of a nationally known company whose value and dividends are reliable; typically have high price and low yield
classified stock
common stock classified as A or B where A has certain advantages (e.g., voting power) that B does not
stock of record
stock held by stockholders of record on a given date
cumulative preferred, cumulative preferred stock
preferred stock whose dividends if omitted accumulate until paid out
Type of:
capital, working capital
assets available for use in the production of further assets

n a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation

“the value of his stocks doubled during the past year”
Synonyms:
stock certificate
Types:
share
any of the equal portions into which the capital stock of a corporation is divided and ownership of which is evidenced by a stock certificate
Type of:
certificate, security
a formal declaration that documents a fact of relevance to finance and investment; the holder has a right to receive interest or dividends

n the descendants of one individual

Synonyms:
ancestry, blood, blood line, bloodline, descent, line, line of descent, lineage, origin, parentage, pedigree, stemma
Types:
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family, family line, folk, kinfolk, kinsfolk, phratry, sept
people descended from a common ancestor
side
a family line of descent
people
members of a family line
homefolk
the people of your home locality (especially your own family)
house
aristocratic family line
dynasty
a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
gens, name
family based on male descent
Type of:
family tree, genealogy
successive generations of kin

n the reputation and popularity a person has

“his stock was so high he could have been elected mayor”
Type of:
reputation, repute
the state of being held in high esteem and honor

n a special variety of domesticated animals within a species

Synonyms:
breed, strain
Types:
bloodstock
thoroughbred horses (collectively)
pedigree
line of descent of a purebred animal
Type of:
animal group
a group of animals
variety
(biology) a taxonomic category consisting of members of a species that differ from others of the same species in minor but heritable characteristics

n any animals kept for use or profit

Synonyms:
farm animal, livestock
Type of:
eutherian, eutherian mammal, placental, placental mammal
mammals having a placenta; all mammals except monotremes and marsupials

adj repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

“a stock answer”
Synonyms:
banal, commonplace, hackneyed, old-hat, shopworn, threadbare, timeworn, tired, trite, well-worn
unoriginal
not original; not being or productive of something fresh and unusual

adj routine

“a stock answer”
Synonyms
standard
conforming to or constituting a standard of measurement or value; or of the usual or regularized or accepted kind

adj regularly and widely used or sold

“a stock item”
Synonyms:
standard
regular
in accordance with fixed order or procedure or principle

v have on hand

Synonyms:
carry, stockpile
Type of:
have, have got, hold
have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense

v amass so as to keep for future use or sale or for a particular occasion or use

“let's stock coffee as long as prices are low”
Synonyms:
buy in, stock up
Types:
overstock
stock excessively
understock
stock with less than the usual or desirable number or quantity
Type of:
furnish, provide, render, supply
give something useful or necessary to

v provide or furnish with a stock of something

stock the larder with meat”
Types:
plant
place into a river
restock
stock again
Type of:
furnish, provide, render, supply
give something useful or necessary to

v supply with fish

stock a lake”
Type of:
furnish, provide, render, supply
give something useful or necessary to

v supply with livestock

stock a farm”
Type of:
furnish, provide, render, supply
give something useful or necessary to
2

n the handle end of some implements or tools

“he grabbed the cue by the stock
Types:
bitstock, brace
a carpenter's tool having a crank handle for turning and a socket to hold a bit for boring
butt, butt end
thick end of the handle
rifle butt
the butt end of a rifle
Type of:
grip, handgrip, handle, hold
the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move it

n the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun

“the rifle had been fitted with a special stock
Synonyms:
gunstock
Types:
pistol grip
a handle (as of a gun or saw) shaped like the butt of a pistol
Type of:
grip, handgrip, handle, hold
the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move it
support
any device that bears the weight of another thing

v equip with a stock

stock a rifle”
Type of:
equip, fit, fit out, outfit
provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose
3

n a plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants

Types:
rootstock
root or part of a root used for plant propagation; especially that part of a grafted plant that supplies the roots
Type of:
plant part, plant structure
any part of a plant or fungus

n persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant

Synonyms:
caudex
Type of:
stalk, stem
a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ

n any of various ornamental flowering plants of the genus Malcolmia

Synonyms:
Malcolm stock
Type of:
flower
a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms

n any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers

Synonyms:
gillyflower
Types:
Matthiola incana, brompton stock
European plant with racemes of sweet-scented flowers; widely cultivated as an ornamental
Type of:
flower
a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms

v put forth and grow sprouts or shoots

Synonyms:
sprout
Type of:
acquire, develop, get, grow, produce
come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes)
4

n liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces

“she made gravy with a base of beef stock
Synonyms:
broth
Types:
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liquor, pot likker, pot liquor
the liquid in which vegetables or meat have be cooked
beef broth, beef stock
a stock made with beef
chicken broth, chicken stock
a stock made with chicken
stock cube
a cube of dehydrated stock
Type of:
soup
liquid food especially of meat or fish or vegetable stock often containing pieces of solid food
5

n an ornamental white cravat

Synonyms:
neckcloth
Type of:
cravat
neckwear worn in a slipknot with long ends overlapping vertically in front
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