pass

A document that lets you go somewhere or do something is a pass. You can have a backstage pass at a concert, a three-day pass from a military base, or a hall pass for using the restroom during class.

If you hand something to someone, you can use the verb pass, like when your dad asks you to pass the mashed potatoes. If the hand off is more of a throw or toss, then you are probably referring to a sports pass. You can't complain that no one will pass you the ball if you always stay on the opposite end of the court from where the action is.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: pass

1
vn
go across or through
one complete cycle of operations (as by a computer)
2
vn
go successfully through a test or a selection process
success in satisfying a test or requirement
3
vnadj
throw (a ball) to another player
(sports) the act of throwing the ball to another member of your team
of advancing the ball by throwing it
4
vn
pass time in a specific way
a bad or difficult situation or state of affairs
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: pass
1

v go across or through

“We passed the point where the police car had parked”
Synonyms:
go across, go through
Types:
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break through, crack
pass through (a barrier)
squeak by, squeak through
escape
transit
pass across (a sign or house of the zodiac) or pass across (the disk of a celestial body or the meridian of a place)
cover, cross, cut across, cut through, get across, get over, pass over, track, traverse
travel across or pass over
infiltrate, pass through
pass through an enemy line; in a military conflict
run
cover by running; run a certain distance
move through, pass across, pass over, pass through, transit
make a passage or journey from one place to another
cut
pass directly and often in haste
crash
move violently as through a barrier
muscle
make one's way by force
overstep, transgress, trespass
pass beyond (limits or boundaries)
negociate, negotiate
succeed in passing through, around, or over
lock
pass by means through a lock in a waterway
make, work
proceed along a path
cycle
pass through a cycle
blunder, fumble
make one's way clumsily or blindly
tramp
cross on foot
stride
cover or traverse by taking long steps
walk
traverse or cover by walking
crisscross
cross in a pattern, often random
ford
cross a river where it's shallow
claw
move as if by clawing, seizing, or digging
jostle
make one's way by jostling, pushing, or shoving
bridge
cross over on a bridge
jaywalk
cross the road at a red light
cut
pass through or across
drive, take
proceed along in a vehicle
cycle on
come to the starting point of a cycle
bushwhack
cut one's way through the woods or bush
course
move swiftly through or over
hop
traverse as if by a short airplane trip
Type of:
go, locomote, move, travel
change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically

v move past

“A black limousine passed by when she looked out the window”
“He passed his professor in the hall”
Synonyms:
go by, go past, pass by, surpass, travel by
Types:
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skirt
pass around or about; move along the border
run by
pass by while running
fly by
pass by while flying
fly by, whisk by, zip by
move by very quickly
Type of:
go, locomote, move, travel
change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically

v travel past

“The sports car passed all the trucks”
Synonyms:
overhaul, overtake
Types:
get by
pass or move in front of
clear, top
pass by, over, or under without making contact
hop
jump across
Type of:
advance, go on, march on, move on, pass on, progress
move forward, also in the metaphorical sense

v pass over, across, or through

Synonyms:
draw, guide, run
draw, string, thread
thread on or as if on a string
lead, run
cause something to pass or lead somewhere
Types:
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rub
move over something with pressure
thread
pass through or into
thread
pass a thread through
brush
rub with a brush, or as if with a brush
pumice
rub with pumice, in order to clean or to smoothen
gauge
rub to a uniform size
puree, strain
rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender
rosin
rub rosin onto
sponge down, sponge off
clean with a sponge, by rubbing
worry
touch or rub constantly
scour, scrub
clean with hard rubbing
abrade, scour
rub hard or scrub
blur, smear, smudge, smutch
make a smudge on; soil by smudging
grate, scrape
scratch repeatedly
pass over, wipe
rub with a circular motion
grate
reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface

v stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point

Synonyms:
extend, go, lead, run
range, run
change or be different within limits
Types:
come
extend or reach
radiate, ray
extend or spread outward from a center or focus or inward towards a center
go deep, go far
extend in importance or range
Type of:
be
occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere

n one complete cycle of operations (as by a computer)

“it was not possible to complete the computation in a single pass
Type of:
cycle, oscillation
a single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon

n a flight or run by an aircraft over a target

“the plane turned to make a second pass
Type of:
flight, flying
an instance of traveling by air

n a usually brief attempt

Synonyms:
crack, fling, go, offer, whirl
Type of:
attempt, effort, endeavor, endeavour, try
earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something

n the location in a range of mountains of a geological formation that is lower than the surrounding peaks

“we got through the pass before it started to snow”
Synonyms:
mountain pass, notch
Examples:
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Brenner Pass
an Alpine mountain pass connecting Innsbruck in Austria with Bolzano in Italy that has long been a route for trade and for invasions
Cumberland Gap
a pass through the Cumberland Mountains between Virginia and Kentucky that early settlers used in order to move west
Donner Pass
a mountain pass in northeastern California near Lake Tahoe; site where in 1844 some members of an emigrant party survived by eating those who had died
Khyber Pass
a mountain pass of great strategic and commercial value in the Hindu Kush on the border between northern Pakistan and western Afghanistan; a route by which invaders entered India
Types:
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col, gap
a pass between mountain peaks
defile, gorge
a narrow pass (especially one between mountains)
saddle, saddleback
a pass or ridge that slopes gently between two peaks (is shaped like a saddle)
water gap
a pass in a mountain ridge through which a stream flows
wind gap
a pass in a mountain ridge with no stream flowing through it
Type of:
location
a point or extent in space
2

v go successfully through a test or a selection process

“She passed the new Jersey Bar Exam and can practice law now”
Synonyms:
make it
Antonyms:
bomb, fail, flunk, flush it
fail to get a passing grade
fail
fall short in what is expected
fail
judge unacceptable
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Types:
ace, breeze through, nail, pass with flying colors, sail through, sweep through
succeed at easily
Type of:
bring home the bacon, come through, deliver the goods, succeed, win
attain success or reach a desired goal

v grant authorization or clearance for

Synonyms:
authorise, authorize, clear
Types:
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approbate
approve or sanction officially
certificate
authorize by certificate
O.K., approve, okay, sanction
give sanction to
declare
authorize payments of
certify, licence, license
authorize officially
commission
charge with a task
formalise, formalize, validate
declare or make legally valid
sanction
give religious sanction to, such as through on oath
visa
approve officially
franchise
grant a franchise to
charter
grant a charter to
back, endorse, indorse, plump for, plunk for, support
be behind; approve of
ratify, sign
approve and express assent, responsibility, or obligation
co-sign, cosign
sign jointly
probate
establish the legal validity of (wills and other documents)
accredit, recognise, recognize
grant credentials to
confirm
support a person for a position
Type of:
allow, countenance, let, permit
consent to, give permission

v go unchallenged; be approved

Synonyms:
clear
Types:
clear
pass an inspection or receive authorization
Type of:
bring home the bacon, come through, deliver the goods, succeed, win
attain success or reach a desired goal

v make laws, bills, etc. or bring into effect by legislation

“They passed the amendment”
Synonyms:
legislate
Type of:
enact, ordain
order by virtue of superior authority; decree

v allow to go without comment or censure

“the insult passed as if unnoticed”
Type of:
allow, let, permit
make it possible through a specific action or lack of action for something to happen

v accept or judge as acceptable

“The teacher passed the student although he was weak”
Antonyms:
fail
judge unacceptable
bomb, fail, flunk, flush it
fail to get a passing grade
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Type of:
evaluate, judge, pass judgment
form a critical opinion of

v be superior or better than some standard

Synonyms:
exceed, go past, overstep, top, transcend
Type of:
excel, stand out, surpass
distinguish oneself

n success in satisfying a test or requirement

“his future depended on his passing that test”
“he got a pass in introductory chemistry”
Synonyms:
passing, qualifying
Antonyms:
failing, flunk
failure to reach a minimum required performance
Type of:
success
an attainment that is successful

n any authorization to pass or go somewhere

“the pass to visit had a strict time limit”
Synonyms:
passport
Types:
safe-conduct, safeguard
a document or escort providing safe passage through a region especially in time of war
Type of:
permission
approval to do something

n a complimentary ticket

“the star got passes for his family”
Type of:
ticket
a commercial document showing that the holder is entitled to something (as to ride on public transportation or to enter a public entertainment)

n a document indicating permission to do something without restrictions

“the media representatives had special passes
Synonyms:
laissez passer
Types:
boarding card, boarding pass
a pass that allows you to board a ship or plane
hall pass
written permission from a teacher for a student to be out the classroom and in the halls of the school
ticket-of-leave
a permit formerly given to convicts allowing them to leave prison under specific restrictions
Type of:
permission
approval to do something

n a permit to enter or leave a military installation

“he had to show his pass in order to get out”
Synonyms:
liberty chit
Type of:
licence, license, permit
a legal document giving official permission to do something

n (military) a written leave of absence

“he had a pass for three days”
Type of:
leave, leave of absence
the period of time during which you are absent from work or duty

n (baseball) an advance to first base by a batter who receives four balls

Synonyms:
base on balls, walk
Type of:
accomplishment, achievement
the action of accomplishing something

n you advance to the next round in a tournament without playing an opponent

Synonyms:
bye
Type of:
conceding, concession, yielding
the act of conceding or yielding
3

v throw (a ball) to another player

“Smith passed
Type of:
throw
propel through the air

v place into the hands or custody of

Synonyms:
give, hand, pass on, reach, turn over
Types:
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give
leave with; give temporarily
slip, sneak
pass on stealthily
deal
give (a specific card) to a player
deliver, fork out, fork over, fork up, hand over, render, turn in
to surrender someone or something to another
free, give up, release, relinquish, resign
part with a possession or right
commit, confide, entrust, intrust, trust
confer a trust upon
entrust, leave
put into the care or protection of someone
commend
give to in charge
derequisition
release from government control
bail
deliver something in trust to somebody for a special purpose and for a limited period
give away
formally hand over to the bridegroom in marriage; of a bride by her father
give, sacrifice
endure the loss of
charge, consign
give over to another for care or safekeeping
recommit
commit again
obligate
commit in order to fulfill an obligation
Type of:
transfer
cause to change ownership

v cause to pass

“She passed around the plates”
Synonyms:
make pass
Types:
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cycle
cause to go through a recurring sequence
pass off
cause to be circulated and accepted in a false character or identity
pass through
cause to move through
lead, run
cause something to pass or lead somewhere
reeve
fasten by passing through a hole or around something
recycle
cause to repeat a cycle
reeve
pass through a hole or opening
reeve
pass a rope through

v be inherited by

Synonyms:
devolve, fall, return
accrue, fall
come into the possession of
Types:
fall, light
fall to somebody by assignment or lot
Type of:
change hands, change owners
be transferred to another owner

v transfer to another; of rights or property

“Our house passed under his official control”
Type of:
change
undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature

v transmit information

pass along the good news”
Synonyms:
communicate, pass along, pass on, put across
Types:
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implant, plant
put firmly in the mind
send a message
give or constitute a signal, not necessarily verbally
relay
pass along
get across, put over
communicate successfully
bespeak, call for, quest, request
express the need or desire for; ask for
acknowledge, receipt
report the receipt of
carry
pass on a communication
deliver, render, return
pass down
message
send as a message
message
send a message to
order
make a request for something
ask
make a request or demand for something to somebody
encore
request an encore, from a performer
petition
write a petition for something to somebody; request formally and in writing
demand
request urgently and forcefully
appeal, invoke
request earnestly (something from somebody); ask for aid or protection
supplicate
ask for humbly or earnestly, as in prayer
apply
ask (for something)
beg, solicit, tap
make a solicitation or entreaty for something; request urgently or persistently
reserve
obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance
challenge
ask for identification
beg off, excuse
ask for permission to be released from an engagement
demand
ask to be informed of
claim
ask for legally or make a legal claim to, as of debts, for example
call for, invite
request the participation or presence of
ask in, invite
ask to enter
desire
express a desire for
beg
ask to obtain free
arrogate, claim, lay claim
demand as being one's due or property; assert one's right or title to
ask over, ask round, invite
invite someone to one's house
call
call a meeting; invite or command to meet
ask out, invite out, take out
make a date
book, hold, reserve
arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance
Type of:
communicate, convey, transmit
transfer to another

v eliminate from the body

Pass a kidney stone”
Synonyms:
egest, eliminate, excrete
Types:
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perspire, sudate, sweat
excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin
exudate, exude, ooze, ooze out, transude
release (a liquid) in drops or small quantities
make, make water, micturate, pass water, pee, pee-pee, piddle, piss, puddle, relieve oneself, spend a penny, take a leak, urinate, wee, wee-wee
eliminate urine
urinate
pass after the manner of urine
empty, evacuate, void
excrete or discharge from the body
ca-ca, crap, defecate, make, shit, stool, take a crap, take a shit
have a bowel movement
barf, be sick, cast, cat, chuck, disgorge, honk, puke, purge, regorge, regurgitate, retch, sick, spew, spue, throw up, upchuck, vomit, vomit up
eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth
distil, distill
give off (a liquid)
fume, reek
be wet with sweat or blood, as of one's face
transpire
give off (water) through the skin
extravasate
geology: cause molten material, such as lava, to pour forth
stream
exude profusely
gum
exude or form gum
release, secrete
generate and separate from cells or bodily fluids
swelter
suffer from intense heat
wet
make one's bed or clothes wet by urinating
stale
urinate, of cattle and horses
suction
empty or clean (a body cavity) by the force of suction
dung
defecate; used of animals
froth
exude or expel foam
Type of:
discharge, eject, exhaust, expel, release
eliminate (a substance)

n (sports) the act of throwing the ball to another member of your team

“the pass was fumbled”
Synonyms:
flip, toss
Types:
centering, snap
(American football) putting the ball in play by passing it (between the legs) to a back
Type of:
throw
the act of throwing (propelling something with a rapid movement of the arm and wrist)

n (American football) a play that involves one player throwing the ball to a teammate

Synonyms:
passing, passing game, passing play
Types:
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aerial, forward pass
a pass to a receiver downfield from the passer
lateral, lateral pass
a pass to a receiver upfield from the passer
spot pass
a pass to a designated spot on the field; the receiver should arrive at that spot the same time the ball does
flare, flare pass
a short forward pass to a back who is running toward the sidelines
screen pass
a short forward pass in which the receiver is protected by a screen of blockers
Type of:
football play
(American football) a play by the offensive team

adj of advancing the ball by throwing it

“a pass play”
Synonyms:
passing
Antonyms:
running
of advancing the ball by running
4

v pass time in a specific way

Synonyms:
spend
Types:
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soldier
serve as a soldier in the military
slum
spend time at a lower socio-economic level than one's own, motivated by curiosity or desire for adventure; usage considered condescending and insensitive
weekend
spend the weekend
holiday, vacation
spend or take a vacation
do, serve
spend time in prison or in a labor camp
get through, while away
spend or pass, as with boredom or in a pleasant manner; of time
sojourn
spend a certain length of time; reside temporarily
overwinter, winter
spend the winter
summer
spend the summer
admit
serve as a means of entrance
honeymoon
spend a holiday after one's marriage

v pass into a specified state or condition

Synonyms:
lapse, sink
Type of:
move
go or proceed from one point to another

v pass by

Synonyms:
elapse, glide by, go along, go by, lapse, slide by, slip away, slip by
Types:
fell, fly, vanish
pass away rapidly
Type of:
advance, go on, march on, move on, pass on, progress
move forward, also in the metaphorical sense

v pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life

Synonyms:
buy the farm, cash in one's chips, choke, conk, croak, decease, die, drop dead, exit, expire, give-up the ghost, go, kick the bucket, pass away, perish, pop off, snuff it
break, break down, conk out, die, fail, give out, give way, go, go bad
stop operating or functioning
die
suffer or face the pain of death
Antonyms:
be born
come into existence through birth
Types:
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abort
cease development, die, and be aborted
asphyxiate, stifle, suffocate
be asphyxiated; die from lack of oxygen
buy it, pip out
be killed or die;
drown
die from being submerged in water, getting water into the lungs, and asphyxiating
predecease
die before; die earlier than
famish, starve
die of food deprivation
fall
die, as in battle or in a hunt
succumb, yield
be fatally overwhelmed
strangle
die from strangulation
Type of:
change state, turn
undergo a transformation or a change of position or action

v disappear gradually

“The pain eventually passed off”
Synonyms:
blow over, evanesce, fade, fleet, pass off
Type of:
disappear, go away, vanish
get lost, as without warning or explanation

v come to pass

Synonyms:
come about, fall out, go on, hap, happen, occur, pass off, take place
Types:
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break, develop, recrudesce
happen
arise, come up
result or issue
result
come about or follow as a consequence
intervene
occur between other event or between certain points of time
transpire
come about, happen, or occur
give
occur
operate
happen
supervene
take place as an additional or unexpected development
go, proceed
follow a certain course
come
come to pass; arrive, as in due course
fall
occur at a specified time or place
anticipate
be a forerunner of or occur earlier than
develop
be gradually disclosed or unfolded; become manifest
recur, repeat
happen or occur again
come off, go off, go over
happen in a particular manner
come around, roll around
happen regularly
happen, materialise, materialize
come into being; become reality
bechance, befall, happen
happen, occur, or be the case in the course of events or by chance
bechance, befall, betide
become of; happen to
coincide, concur
happen simultaneously
backfire, backlash, recoil
come back to the originator of an action with an undesired effect
chance
be the case by chance
break
happen or take place
fall, shine, strike
touch or seem as if touching visually or audibly
turn out
prove to be in the result or end
contemporise, contemporize, synchronise, synchronize
happen at the same time
drag, drag on, drag out
proceed for an extended period of time
descend, fall, settle
come as if by falling
iterate
run or be performed again
cycle
recur in repeating sequences
condense
develop due to condensation
appear, come out
be issued or published
open, open up
become available
happen
chance to be or do something, without intention or causation
come, do, fare, get along, make out
proceed or get along
come up
be mentioned

n a bad or difficult situation or state of affairs

Synonyms:
strait, straits
Types:
desperate straits, dire straits
a state of extreme distress
Type of:
situation
a complex or critical or unusual difficulty

n a difficult juncture

“a pretty pass
Synonyms:
head, straits
Type of:
juncture, occasion
an event that occurs at a critical time
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