Latin Root "sub" Words

Learn these words beginning with the power prefix "sub-" (meaning "below" or "under").
More Power Prefix lists:
anti-, con-, fore-, inter-, mis-, pre-, super-, trans-, and uni-!
ELA Common Core State Standard: "Use common, grade-appropriate Greek or Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word."

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definitions & notes only words
  1. subterranean
    being or operating under the surface of the earth
    Since then commuters from Long Island and New Jersey and passengers using Amtrak’s regional rail lines have had to navigate an outdated, cramped, subterranean labyrinth.Economist (Jan 14, 2016)
    From "sub-" "under" or "below" and "terra," "earth"
  2. subordinate
    rank or order as less important or consider of less value
    Manon, who earns money serving lunch in a school cafeteria, is proud to subordinate her own ambitions to her husband’s.New York Times (Jan 14, 2016)
    "Ordinate" comes from "ordinare," "arrange, set in order," making "subordinate" "to rank under or below."
  3. subliminal
    below the threshold of conscious perception
    They bypass the rest of the brain, allowing us to pick up threats subliminally and respond to them before we even realise there’s a problem.The Guardian (Jan 31, 2016)
    The second element here , "liminal" comes from Latin "limen," "threshold."
  4. submit
    yield to the control of another
    The fundamental argument goes something like this: Are black efforts at self-improvement and self-criticism merely ways of submitting to white standards?New York Times (Feb 19, 2016)
    "-mit" comes from "mittere" meaning "let go, send," a root that also contributes to English "mission."
  5. subpoena
    a writ issued to compel the attendance of a witness
    The subpoena primarily requests information regarding dealings with Indian governmental agencies and officials to obtain approvals related to the operation of that plant.Wall Street Journal (Feb 19, 2016)
    "Subpoena" literally means "under penalty."
  6. subsume
    contain or include
    As a performer, Jones had become more confident; she discovered kabuki dance-theatre and subsumed it into her act, giving her incredible poise on stage.The Guardian (Jan 13, 2016)
    The second element here comes from "sumere," means "to take," make subsume "to take under." "Sumere" is related to the source of the second element in "exempt", which is literally "to take out."
  7. suburb
    a residential district located on the outskirts of a city
    With 21 million people in the city and its suburbs, Mexico City is the largest metropolis of the Western Hemisphere.New York Times (Feb 18, 2016)
    " -urbs" means "city" and is also present in English words like "urban." "Sub-" here means "below" or "near."
  8. subside
    wear off or die down
    He said strong winds that hit the area on Tuesday had subsided slightly, but conditions were still "very blustery".BBC (Feb 17, 2016)
    " To sink to the bottom", from "sub-" and "sidere," "to settle."
  9. subtle
    difficult to detect or grasp by the mind or analyze
    Mr. Hicks said he wished that he had picked up on subtle signals the inspector may have been sending.New York Times (Feb 19, 2016)
    From Latin "subtilis," "fine, thin, delicate," metaphorically "precise, accurate, keen." From "sub-," "under" and "-tilis,"from "tela" "web, net."
  10. subscribe
    adopt as a belief
    I just don’t subscribe to the notion that there’s one success story and 29 failures in any given season.Los Angeles Times (Feb 18, 2016)
    From Latin for "To sign one's name" or "write underneath."

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