Body Language: Gastr, Gastro ("Stomach")

Learn this list of words that derive from the Latin word gaster, meaning "stomach."

Want to dissect more English words related to anatomy? Here are links to our complete set of Body Language lists:
Corp ("Body") / Capit, Capt ("Head") / Or, Os ("Mouth") / Dent, Dont ("Tooth") / Gastr, Gastro ("Stomach") / Neur ("Nerve") / Man ("Hand") / Ped, Pod ("Foot") / Derm ("Skin") / Carn ("Flesh") / Os, Osteo ("Bone") / Cor, Cord, Cardio ("Heart") / Psych ("Mind")

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definitions & notes only words
  1. gastric
    relating to or involving the stomach
    If children are too weak to eat, for example, the organization might set up an inpatient centre equipped with gastric tubes and high-calorie milk.Nature (Jun 25, 2019)
  2. gastronomy
    the art and practice of preparing and eating good food
    Thousands of people responded in a surge of interest that extended far beyond niche communities of bread nerds and yeast enthusiasts, whose interests traverse science, gastronomy and history.New York Times (Aug 8, 2019)
    gaster + nomos ("arranging")
  3. gastronome
    a person devoted to refined sensuous enjoyment
    Every one knows of Dumas’ great fame as a gastronome and epicure; some recall, also, that he himself was a cuisinier of no mean abilities.Mansfield, M. F. (Milburg Francisco)
  4. gastritis
    inflammation of the lining of the stomach
    They sit down at once, take a larger meal than usual, and then develop severe gastritis during the night.?Malley, Austin
    gaster + itis ("inflammation")
  5. gastralgia
    an ache localized in the stomach or abdominal region
    While the great majority of dyspeptic pains are increased by filling the stomach, gastralgia, on the contrary, is invariably relieved by food, often most strikingly and completely.Anstie, Francis E.
    gaster + algia ("pain")
  6. gastrectomy
    surgical removal of all or part of the stomach
    With sleeve gastrectomy, a large portion of the stomach is actually removed.US News (Apr 4, 2016)
    gaster + ectomy ("cutting out; surgical removal")
  7. gastroenterologist
    a physician who specializes in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
    Because of the complexities and potential pitfalls in the diagnosis and treatment of food intolerance, one should seek guidance from a specialist, typically an allergist or a gastroenterologist, depending on the nature of one’s symptoms.New York Times (Feb 15, 2019)
    gaster + enteron ("intestine")) + logy (suffix meaning "science") + ist (suffix meaning "one who does")
  8. gastrointestinal
    of or relating to the stomach and intestines
    With both ships, the suspected cause of sickness is a norovirus, the nation's most common reason for gastrointestinal illness.Los Angeles Times (Apr 14, 2015)
  9. gastroesophageal
    of or relating to or involving the stomach and esophagus
    Frequent heartburn may indicate a condition called gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD.US News (Jun 11, 2014)
    gaster + ferre ("to carry") + phagein ("to eat") + al (suffix forming adjectives)
  10. gastroscope
    a type of endoscope for visually examining the stomach
    The stomach of any individual having a normal esophagus and normal spine can be explored with an open-tube gastroscope.Jackson, Chevalier
    gaster + scope ("an instrument for seeing")
  11. gastropod
    a class of mollusks typically having a one-piece coiled shell and flattened muscular foot with a head bearing stalked eyes
    Slugs and snails are thought to carry a parasite that can cause a deadly condition in dogs, who become infected by accidentally eating the gastropods.BBC (Aug 23, 2013)
    gaster + pod ("foot")
    A gastropod is so-named because its foot is located near its stomach. The foot pushes away dirt as it crawls. The stomach is lined with tiny hairs that beat and rotate to pull food from its mouth.
  12. gastric ulcer
    a peptic ulcer of the stomach
    Under the influence of rest and diet most gastric ulcers get well.Various
Created on June 4, 2015 (updated August 22, 2019)

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