cover as if with a burial garment
shrouded in a deep black garment, which concealed its head, its face, its form, and left nothing of it visible save one outstretched hand.
dignified and somber in manner or character
He felt that it was tall and stately when it came beside him, and that its mysterious presence filled him with a
decrease in phase
“Lead on!” said Scrooge. “Lead on! The night is
waning fast, and it is precious time to me, I know. Lead on, Spirit!”
waste time; spend one's time idly or inefficiently
But there they were, in the heart of it; on 'Change, amongst the merchants; who hurried up and down, and chinked the money in their pockets, and conversed in groups, and looked at their watches, and
trifled thoughtfully with their great gold seals; and so forth, as Scrooge had seen them often.
(pathology) an abnormal outgrowth or enlargement of some part of the body
“What has he done with his money?” asked a red-faced gentleman with a pendulous
excrescence on the end of his nose, that shook like the gills of a turkey-cock.
unaffected by concern for one's own welfare
'Well, I am the most
disinterested among you, after all,' said the first speaker, 'for I never wear black gloves, and I never eat lunch.'
an attitude of admiration
He had made a point always of standing well in their
esteem: in a business point of view, that is; strictly in a business point of view.
cause to feel confident
Scrooge was at first inclined to be surprised that the Spirit should attach importance to conversations apparently so trivial; but feeling
assured that they must have some hidden purpose, he set himself to consider what it was likely to be.
potentially existing but not presently evident or realized
But nothing doubting that to whomsoever they applied they had some
latent moral for his own improvement, he resolved to treasure up every word he heard, and everything he saw; and especially to observe the shadow of himself when it appeared.
commonly used or practiced; usual
He looked about in that very place for his own image; but another man stood in his
accustomed corner, and though the clock pointed to his usual time of day for being there, he saw no likeness of himself among the multitudes that poured in through the Porch.
remote and separate physically or socially
They left the busy scene, and went into an
obscure part of the town, where Scrooge had never penetrated before, although he recognised its situation, and its bad repute.
marked by great carelessness
The ways were foul and narrow; the shops and houses wretched; the people half-naked, drunken,
go, come, or spread in a rambling or irregular way
Alleys and archways, like so many cesspools, disgorged their offences of smell, and dirt, and life, upon the
straggling streets; and the whole quarter reeked with crime, with filth, and misery.
viscera and trimmings of a butchered animal
Far in this den of infamous resort, there was a low-browed, beetling shop, below a pent-house roof, where iron, old rags, bottles, bones, and greasy
offal, were bought.
look at critically or searchingly, or in minute detail
Secrets that few would like to
scrutinize were bred and hidden in mountains of unseemly rags, masses of corrupted fat, and sepulchers of bones.
a hostile challenge
While he did this, the woman who had already spoken threw her bundle on the floor, and sat down in a flaunting manner on a stool; crossing her elbows on her knees, and looking with a bold
defiance at the other two.
an opening, especially a gap in a dike or fortification
But the gallantry of her friends would not allow of this; and the man in faded black, mounting the
breach first, produced his plunder.
broad in scope or content
It was not
extensive. A seal or two, a pencil-case, a pair of sleeve-buttons, and a brooch of no great value, were all.
estimate the nature, quality, ability or significance of
They were severally examined and
appraised by old Joe, who chalked the sums he was disposed to give for each, upon the wall, and added them up into a total when he found there was nothing more to come.
feel sorry for; be contrite about
“That’s your account. If you asked me for another penny, and made it an open question, I’d
repent of being so liberal and knock off half-a-crown.”
hate coupled with disgust
As they sat grouped about their spoil, in the scanty light afforded by the old man’s lamp, he viewed them with a
detestation and disgust, which could hardly have been greater, though they had been obscene demons, marketing the corpse itself.
draw back, as with fear or pain
recoiled in terror, for the scene had changed, and now he almost touched a bed: a bare, uncurtained bed: on which, beneath a ragged sheet, there lay a something covered up, which, though it was dumb, announced itself in awful language.
sorrowful through loss or deprivation
A pale light, rising in the outer air, fell straight upon the bed; and on it, plundered and
bereft, unwatched, unwept, uncared for, was the body of this man.
expose to view as by removing a cover
The cover was so carelessly adjusted that the slightest raising of it, the motion of a finger upon Scrooge's part, would have
disclosed the face.
But of the loved,
revered, and honored head, thou canst not turn one hair to thy dread purposes, or make one feature odious.
before anything else
He thought, if this man could be raised up now, what would be his
ask for or request earnestly
“If there is any person in the town, who feels emotion caused by this man’s death,” said Scrooge quite agonised, “show that person to me, Spirit, I
unproductive of success
She was expecting some one, and with anxious eagerness; for she walked up and down the room; started at every sound; looked out from the window; glanced at the clock; tried, but in
vain, to work with her needle; and could hardly bear the voices of the children in their play.
conceal or hide
There was a remarkable expression in it now; a kind of serious delight of which he felt ashamed, and which he struggled to
cause mental pain to
Bob told them of the extraordinary kindness of Mr. Scrooge's nephew, whom he had scarcely seen but once, and who, meeting him in the street that day, and seeing that he looked a little -- 'just a little down you know,' said Bob, inquired what had happened to
fill to satisfaction
Walled in by houses; overrun by grass and weeds, the growth of vegetation’s death, not life; choked up with too much burying; fat with
take something or somebody with oneself somewhere
The Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come
conveyed him, as before -- though at a different time, he thought: indeed, there seemed no order in these latter visions, save that they were in the Future -- into the resorts of business men, but showed him not himself.
be persistent, refuse to stop
'Men's courses will foreshadow certain ends, to which, if
persevered in, they must lead,' said Scrooge.
act between parties with a view to reconciling differences
'Good Spirit,' he pursued, as down upon the ground he fell before it: 'Your nature
intercedes for me, and pities me.
earnest or urgent request
It sought to free itself, but he was strong in his
entreaty, and detained it.
something done or paid in expiation of a wrong
Best and happiest of all, the Time before him was his own, to make
having or conferring glory
Really, for a man who had been out of practice for so many years, it was a splendid laugh, a most
He had not gone far, when coming on towards him he beheld the
portly gentleman, who had walked into his counting-house the day before, and said, 'Scrooge and Marley's, I believe.'
give or supply
He went to church, and walked about the streets, and watched the people hurrying to and fro, and patted children on the head, and questioned beggars, and looked down into the kitchens of houses, and up to the windows, and found that everything could
yield him pleasure.
an impressive display
They were looking at the table (which was spread out in great
array); for these young housekeepers are always nervous on such points, and like to see that everything is right.
everyone being of one mind
Wonderful party, wonderful games, wonderful
unanimity, wonderful happiness!
make believe with the intent to deceive
'Hallo!' growled Scrooge, in his accustomed voice, as near as he could
a sincere feeling
“A merry Christmas, Bob!” said Scrooge, with an
earnestness that could not be mistaken, as he clapped him on the back.
attempt by employing effort
I'll raise your salary, and
endeavor to assist your struggling family, and we will discuss your affairs this very afternoon, over a Christmas bowl of smoking bishop, Bob!
act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite
He had no further intercourse with Spirits, but lived upon the Total
Abstinence Principle, ever afterwards; and it was always said of him, that he knew how to keep Christmas well, if any man alive possessed the knowledge.